In addition, throughout the pamphlet, he condemned monarchy and encouraged democracy instead. The colonists may not have an equal voice towards social issues if they still followed monarchy after the declaration of independence was signed. Thus, the foundation that made people to speak up for independence was the pamphlet. The more voices citizens have about their freedom against the British, the more powerful patriotism will be. This shows that “Common Sense” helped Americans to speak up and strive for what they truly believe in, which is
There were many philosophers in the 17th and 18th century that influenced and inspired the founders of our country. For instance, John Locke believed that life, liberty, and property should be our natural rights as humans and if the government could not secure these rights then the people could get rid of them. That idea impacted Thomas Jefferson when he wrote the Declaration of Independence. This was the perfect time to develop different theories and contradictions because this was right around the time of the printing press and protestant reformation where people started to question the catholic church. Other philosophers like Thomas Hobbes, Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Rousseau impacted founders like George Washington and James Madison who have positively affected this country in many different ways.
This talks about the relation between state and individual. He suggested that state have authority over individual. Additionally, because of the differences in causes and people’s attitude toward the society, the effect of the Enlightenment is more influential than that of Romanticism. Although Enlightenment didn’t fully change the form of society, it make a huge progress in the development of human being and set the basic theory for the future revolution in American, French and many other countries. For example, in American, the American Revolutionary War broke out.
• Thomas used Aristotle’s view of natural law to justify the authority of the Roman Catholic Church in political as well as religious matters. For the purpose of explaining the fundamental reasons of law he used Aristotle’s philosophy and added the use of an eternal ruler. John Locke • John Locke had a distinct influence on the writers of the American Constitution by advocating for human rights and liberty through democracy. In saying so, he believed that the mass majority of ordinary people can be capable of giving consent to their governor/ruler as opposed to the Monarch government. However if the ruler did not comply with the needs of the people, Locke believed that the public had the justified right to rebel.
It is understood that John Locke played a key role of influence on Thomas Jefferson. This influence can be seen through Jefferson’s writing on the nation’s founding document. This document is called the Declaration of Independence. John Locke, the English Enlightenment philosopher wrote his Two Treatises of Government to refute the belief that kings ruled by divine right and to support the Glorious Revolution of 1688 (Doc 1). This piece of political philosophy provided many explanations for the people’s rights and obligations to overthrow a corrupt government.
In 1775, right after the battles, the colonies were at war with Britain. Some Americans thought that King George Ⅲshould still be their rulers, but most thought that they it was worth fighting for independence. Many people gave speeches and wrote documents or pamphlets to express their thinking. For example, Patrick Henry, from Virginia, gave a speech and said, “Give me liberty or give me death!”
The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement created by many philosophers of the 18th century aimed to change their governments. These philosophers wished for more rights for the people and more representation in a constitutional government instead of the monarchy. Philosophers like Voltaire called for tolerance, reason as the primary source of authority, freedom of religious belief, and freedom of speech and expression. In addition he promoted the separation of religious and state, in order to mark a distance between any organized religion and the nation state. The political philosopher Montesquieu introduced the idea of a separation of powers in a government.
Many philosophers believed that the government had too much power over the people and they began to work to change that. For example, John Locke believed that people should have natural rights such as life, liberty, and property and that the government should not take away these rights and instead should protect them. If the government did not protect these rights the people could overthrow the government. This idea changed everything because in the end it influenced the English to use this idea in their Declaration of Independence to break away from Britain. Montesquieu was another philosopher who helped make the Enlightenment a turning point.
To quote Enlightenment philosopher John Locke, “Reason is natural revelation.” The reasoning and new ideas from Enlightenment philosophers was what shaped today’s society. The central idea of the Enlightenment philosophers of 17th and 18th century Europe was driven by Adam Smith’s thoughts on economy regarding economic decision making and the positive effects of the lack of government interference, the new political opinions and proposals regarding freedom and how it is obtained, expressed by John Locke, and the social and religious ideas regarding religious acceptance and having multiple religious influences in one place from Voltaire. The philosophers of the Enlightenment also were driven by the political theories expanding through Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries. John Locke, an Enlightenment philosopher during the late 1600s proposed new theories about politics and government in his literature titled “Second Treatise on Civil Government”.
Rhetorical Analysis of “The Declaration of Independence” Delegate of the Second Continental Congress, Thomas Jefferson, in the “Declaration of Independence,” listed the various abuses that the colonies received at the hands of the British government. Jefferson’s purpose was to use the document to notify King George III that they, the thirteen colonies of America, were absconding from the British government. Thomas Jefferson also wanted the document to be used to show other countries that the United States were willing and ready to make alliances and that they should not be looked over. Jefferson used an angry and straightforward tone to show that the colonists are very serious in this decree and that they are more than ready to fight the British
The Declaration of Independence often reminds citizens of all the great freedoms to enjoy in this country. To the people who signed and wrote the Declaration in 1776, it was much more than just being able to enjoy freedoms in their new land. By signing that paper, they were agreeing to give up everything they had. They put their families, friends, homes, and businesses at risk of being attacked by the British, however they felt strongly enough about what the British were doing to them that they were willing to risk it all. The Declaration of Independence was influenced by many different people, events, and things, including Thomas Jefferson, The Tea Tax, and the Boston Massacre.