In this regard, Hobbes believed that by their nature, people were selfish but the perspective of Locke was different. He believed that the human beings are good by nature and reasonable and therefore they can self-regulate themselves. However, as a result of these differences, these two philosophers have different outlooks regarding what should be an ideal government. But despite these differences, both of these philosophers had a significant impact on the modern society and has held in changing the world.
Many of Thomas Paine 's ideas were inspired by the ideology of other great Enlightenment thinkers such as Voltaire and John Locke. (“Thomas Paine 's Achievements”) Although some people thought his ideas were controversial or anti-religious, without his ideas America would not have gained full independence from Britain. He wrote Common Sense during the Enlightenment era to show the people how to think logically and be independent. He then wrote the American Crisis, which was written to inspire the army. With his gift for writing in a clear simple way, Paine was able to present these arguments so that ordinary people could easily understand them.
The Scientific Revolution is what lead the people to a new way of life, a life where they were valued as well as their ideas in society and in government. The Enlightenment was influenced by the development of the Scientific Revolution to use logic and reason to challenge accustomed beliefs. Before the Scientific Revolution, people were blindly following the church and believing everything they said. They lacked the freedoms of speech, religion and they did not possess any knowledge of their own. The Scientific Revolution, the Renaissance and the Protestant Reformation led the people to a new age of intellectual pursuits and new outlooks of the word that differed from the Church’s.
Also, it reflects his view of the liberty of individuals and originality since these discussions and protests bringing new ideas to focus. Furthermore, pointing out “when what was once truths are no longer true.” The protests are bringing forth points that a law that was placed years ago no longer benefits the society as a whole but rather harms it. These laws were once beneficial but now need to be changed to benefit the whole society and prevent
During the 16th-18th centuries experimentation took place in all parts of life. Leaders tried to figure out how to successfully control a nation. Nations like Russia, Prussia and France did this this through absolutism, basing their rule off of divinity. Others like England used a constitutional monarchy, using a parliamentary system to keep order in check. With the enlightenment, rulers changed much of their governance to maintain rule, and aspects in the society soon followed.
Brave New World Thesis : In the Novel’s foreword Aldous Huxley states “The theme of Brave New World is not the advancement of science as such; it is the advancement of science as it affects individuals.” Aldous Huxley tries to convey that ‘advancement of science as it affects individuals’ if it was controlled by corrupted people like the World State who seek only self-gratification could become evil science. The science in Brave New World does effect every and each individual but so does science in real life. Science has changed and changes people, how they act and what they do everyday. When Agriculture was invented humans were able to create more stable lives and settle in one location. When the wheel was invented people were able to carry heavy objects without exhausting themselves, they were able to trade and build bigger structures.
Also, John Locke, one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers, founded his social contract. This talks about the relation between state and individual. He suggested that state have authority over individual. Additionally, because of the differences in causes and people’s attitude toward the society, the effect of the Enlightenment is more influential than that of Romanticism. Although Enlightenment didn’t fully change the form of society, it make a huge progress in the development of human being and set the basic theory for the future revolution in American, French and many other countries.
He found the foundations of philosophy and science to be too shaky to build any reliable knowledge on top of. He justifies his thoughts on the shakiness of the times sciences by criticizing them to be based on, often ancient, speculative philosophy instead of empirical observation or rigorous philosophical foundations. In the second part of his treatise, Descartes introduces the four fundamental rules behind his philosophy, which became highly influential amongst later enlightened philosophers; he gives the reader instructions on how to build knowledge by using his scientific method. On the other hand, Descartes' Discourse on the method would be such an early example of publication from the Enlightenment that it can't be argued to be one without any critique. It could be argued, that the book can't represent enlightenment solely because of it's time of publishment.
The Enlightenment made the world become more free because of the ideas that were spread during the time period. The Scientific Revolution was a period of time where philosophers such as Galileo and Isaac Newton proved that the church was not always right, and they proved this with science. The people began to question the church, and their power over the people. Philosophers such as Locke, suggested that all people were born equal, and that the citizens can improve, and overthrow the government if they don’t agree with its actions. The enlightenment philosophers were one of the first to suggest a world where the people had control over the place where they were living.
It means that intellectual assets are important than material ones. From Malcolm X story, I see that we are the one who make changes to ourselves. Besides, education is the secret weapon in gaining power and wealth. Without education and knowledge, we would not know what is faith and truth. Moreover, this book really taught me about how the life look like, it is not fair in most time but we are the one who have to earn and make changes and chances in order to accept and live the life well.