These four Enlightenment philosophers all had the same main idea. The 17th and 18th centuries were the two centuries of the philosophers. The philosophers hoped to accomplish that nature is an excellent teacher. The philosophers believed careful observation and clear-headed reasoning were necessary to find out the truth of things. Find what the main idea is of the philosophers.
The Age of Enlightenment lasted from the 1620s to the 1780s, and was a period of time where many great thinkers emphasized individual freedoms and logical reasoning. Enlightenment challenged many prominent organizations, such as the Roman Catholic Church and some governmental organizations. One Enlightenment thinker, Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Voltaire), thought that “government should be responsible for the people and supply to them freedom and happiness. The people thus agree to be governed on such terms1”. Voltaire believed that the government should cater to the people’s needs, and not control its citizens and take away their freedoms.
“The most perfect education, in my opinion,is…to enable the individual to attain such habits of virtue as well render [her] independent” (Doc D). The Enlightenment was a time period from the early 17th century to the late 18th century. There were many philosophers who contributed to making The Enlightenment. John Locke was a man who wanted freedom of government during 1690 (17th century) in England. He wanted this because he believed everyone was born with natural rights and the government should respect them and whoever didn’t, the people would have the right to impeach them.
I agree that the Enlightenment was force for positive change in society. The Enlightenment was one was the most important intellectual movements in History, as it dominated and influenced the way people thought in Europe in the late 17th and 18th centuries. We will look at how it ultimately influenced the American and French Revolution which is still strongly governed by these ideas and principles today. The Age of Enlightenment was a European movement which emphasizing reasoning and individualism in preference to tradition.
As Greek writer Nikos Kazantzakis once said, “The real meaning of enlightenment is to gaze with undimmed eyes on all darkness” (Brainyquote). Throughout the Enlightenment, society was changed for the better and new ways of thinking encouraged geniuses to come up with revolutionary ideas and also make public, their opinions on some of the most notable topics of the time like politics and science. Enlightenment thinkers like John Locke, Voltaire, Thomas Hobbes, Baron de Montesquieu, Jean Jacques Rousseau, and Mary Wollstonecraft all used divergent thinking to influence rulers to come on a variety of topics ranging from women education to treatment of criminals. Their theories and individualized opinions have never ceased to impact the way rulers after them ran their nations. European rulers such as Catherine the Great of Russia,
The Enlightenment began with the English philosopher John Locke. It was an era of spreading faith in reason, in reason, and in universal rights and laws (The Enlightenment in Europe). The ideas that were embodied by Enlightenment were life, liberty, and property. It also led to the idea of natural right. The Enlightenment influenced the way people finally realized that divine right wasn’t right and start to doubt it.
In conclusion, the Enlightenment was vital to the American Revolution and the creation of American Government. The Enlightenment beliefs that influenced the American Revolution were natural rights, the social contract, and the right to overthrow the government if the social contract was violated. The Enlightenment beliefs that aided to the creation of the American government were separation of powers, checks and balances, and limited government. As stated before, without the Enlightenment there would not have been a revolution, resulting in no American Government. The Enlightenment’s influence on the creation of America is irrefutable.
The Enlightenment Figures In the 17th and 18th century well-educated people would gather and discuss political, religious, economics, and social questions. This was an important gathering. It took place in Europe and had four main figures. They each believed in human rights but had their own individual ideas about it.
During the 18th century Enlightenment the concept of rights, classical criminology, came into play. This was a time before law was “relational and obligational” (Classical). These ideas can be traced back all the way back to John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau with “life, liberty, and property” (Siegel 92). With classical criminology comes four basic elements. First, “people in society have free will to choose criminal or conventional solutions to meet their needs or settle their problems” (Siegel 92).
"To what extent were political ideas of enlightenment a cause of the French Revolution." The French Revolution (1788-1799) is considered to be one of the most significant events in the modern history of Europe, because not only did it change the face of France, but also it had a huge influence on situation in other countries. We are able to distinguish many causes of it, however, one of the most important were undoubtedly political ideas of enlightenment. They were the basis of people’s way of reasoning due to which the revolutionary tension was growing among the citizens of Frnace. This tension was also accompanied by deteriorating economics and enormous hunger before the outbreak of the Revolution — nonetheless, without the thoughts of
Enlightenment was a concept that inspired a new way of thinking of the people. In the newly formed United States of America, enlightenment shaped the way the new government was run. Scientific reasoning was applied to politics, religion, and science. Enlightenment saved music, art, and literature programs in colleges. Enlightenment in Europe led to drastically altered views on philosophy, politics, and communications.