COLLAPSE OF THAILAND’S ROYAL PLAZA HOTEL Historic Civil Engineering Failure INTRODUCTION The frequency of building collapse in the recent times has become a major concern to all and sundry. The rate at which it is occurring and the magnitude of losses being record in terms of livesan property is becoming worrisome to the government .The Refurbishment projects involves construction regarding structural alterations, façade retentions, partial demolition, etc. Ever since, there are many collapses and other incidents resulted from refurbishment projects (Kashyap, et al., 2005) and there is yet often a risk of structural collapse on refurbishment projects involving structural alterations, facade retentions and demolition. Throughout history, there
Environmental damage occurs throughout the stages of exploration, production, refining, transportation and end use consumption. Potential impacts include water contamination due to effluent of wash and cooling water discharges, seepage from storage and waste tanks, discharges of water effluents rich in inorganic salts without appropriate treatment and water contamination of oil spills which could be very catastrophic such as the incident of The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in year 2010 and the oil spill resulting from the Gulf War in 1991. Also, this industry adds a considerable amount of NOx, SOx and particulate emissions and largely contribute to the soil and groundwater contamination resulting from the different chemical compounds and the produced
What is an oil spill? (JDB) An oil spill is a type of pollution which consists on the dumping of petrol into the environment, mainly into oceans although it can also occur on land. These oil spills are mainly caused by the release of crude oils, wells, platforms and drilling rings. These oil spills, can very well damage the environment and therefore causing many consequences to different groups of animals and pollute the area where the dumping took place. Deepwater Horizon spill (MBR) This devastating event began the 20 of April 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico.
Oil Spill and its impact: A Literature review Accidents that occurs out at sea are often followed by an oil spill, be it from marine time accidents or oilrig accidents. Oil spill have a snowball effect where the effect is tremendous and can cause heavy economical impacts (Cirer-Costa), health impacts (Aroh et al.) and environmental distresses to the ecosystem at the area. (Shultz et al.) The full impact of an oil spill cannot be access right at the point of the spill as hydrocarbons are hard to get rid of and could stay in the environment for a long time not only because of the difficulty of removal but also the ability to migrate long distant that makes it a big problem to deal with.
1.0 Description of Issue / Problem: People nowadays are getting more concerning about issues regarding environmental pollutions. One of the environmental issues is the oil spill incident. According to the article ‘Hydrocarbon-Degrading Bacteria: The Oil-Spill Clean-Up Crew’, there are about 1.3 million litres of crude oil flow into the ocean every year. This is devastating as it causes great damage to the environment and brings severe problems to living organisms including humans. Most of the oil spill incidents are caused by the negligence and irresponsible acts of humans.
Not only does this type of contract out consequences the local labor force and publics, but it also discloses said industry to numerous original types of threats, including the risk of supply chain distraction due to likely disasters. A good instance of this is the Japanese earthquake which happened in March of 2011 which de-railed electronics industrial companies thus affecting commercial distractions in the automotive and tech manufacturers in the USA. On October 25th 2012 Super storm Sandy hit and destroyed many assets and amenities vital to various industries (again heavily affecting the US auto industry) and supply chains alongside the east coast of the US. Dealing with
Abstract Environmental pollution is arising from the mining industry in the Western World and from the developing nations is a serious issue in current days. Cross-cultural perception studies are needed to understand similarities and differences, if any, in human response to environmental problems between developed and developing countries. Increasing environmental problems in the mining zones of India is one of the burning issues from last two decades. The Damodar Valley coalfields mainly in Raniganj, share a relatively serious environmental problems. The Damodar Valley coalfields located in the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal contain most of the productive coalmines in India.
Usage and their uncontrolled discharge in to the environment has caused lots of hazards to man, other organisms and the environment itself. Over past many decades there has been increasing global Concern over the public health impacts attributed to environmental pollution, more particularly, the encumbrance of hazardous diseases is increasing day by day. This paper reviews removal technologies (oxidation, coagulation flocculation, adsorption, ion exchange and membrane
Introduction Oil pollution has became a global environmental issue in the oceanic ecosystems and inland aquatic ecosystems which threatened greatly. The evaluation and prediction of the effects of oil pollution on water environment have become a very urgent and important issue. It has been estimated that approximately 5 million tons of crude oil enters the marine environment each year from a variety of sources mostly known are the spills from shipwreck, but there are several less conspicuous sources, like intentional flushing of ship compartments, spills from oil rigs, oil from industries, oil refineries, run-off from urban areas (Neff, 1990 and Kennedy & Farrell, 2008). The fate of oil after spillage at sea spreading and movement when oil enters the sea, it usually spreads over the surface and forms a thin layer or slick. The fate of the slick is dependent on oceanographic and climatic conditions as well as the physical and chemical properties of the components which make up crude oil.
Another case of negative externalities of consumption can be seen in the delta of Niger, in Nigeria. The Niger Delta, well known for its wealth in terms of oil supply has been suffering for several decades from the environmental degradation, social unrest, and rampant corruption associated with the proverbial ‘resource curse’. For a random and casual observer of international politics, the term “oil state” would more likely refer to notions of Middle Eastern deserts and oil fields, corruption and dictatorships, war, and failed states. Political scientists are commonly agreeing that the presence of oil in a nation is very often linked to problems such as poor governance, political instability, and obviously low levels of social and economic