Thousands of jobs were created by this new industrialization and North Dakota’s economy is flourishing. But, aside from the benefits that the industry has brought, the oil boom, and the widespread use of hydraulic fracturing, has exposed many underlying issues. With the population rising, crime rates have soared; there are more burglaries, rapes and drug trafficking than the state has ever seen. But the issues don’t stop there: the controversial practice of fracking has come under fire as evidence points to fracking as the cause for both harmful air and water contamination. The effects of fracking have not only affected the people living in the North Dakota oil-towns, but also the animals, and the flora and fauna that have been gravely impacted as well.
Recently, on January 7th 2016, there was an earthquake caused by fracking, in Oklahoma, where earthquakes are rare. This particular quake was a 4.8 on the Richter Scale, which is the highest ever recorded. It occurred in the center of the state, was felt all over. Also, within the past week, there have been more than 20 quakes all over the state. in recent years, since 2011, earthquakes have occurred more and more often.
If fracking is capable of causing temblors as powerful as a 5.7-magnitude, it may be capable of inducing other massive earthquakes in the future. Tremblors with a higher magnitude could cause extensive damage to affected areas, such as what happened to Oklahoma (“Oklahoma’s Largest Quake in Decades Buckles Highway; Rattles Residents,” CNN). Furthermore, areas that are usually not affected by seismic activity are becoming prone to temblors. It may be a possibility that these areas could see a bigger earthquake in the near future too.
The city also experiences activity from the Queen Charlotte-Fairweather fault system. This fault system has caused large earthquakes in the past. Between the North and pacific plates and the Queen Charlotte-Fairweather fault system Juneau has a high risk of serious earthquakes. Juneau frequently has multiple earthquakes a year. Last year Juneau went through over fourteen earthquakes and this year the city has only had six (Earthquake Track, 2015).
According to Fisher, in 2004 the EPA deemed hydro-fracking effects to be insignificant, but reopened the investigation in 2011 after requests from congress: “internal documents suggest EPA is facing significant pressure from the oil and gas industry to narrow the scope of the study” (Fisher 105). The health effects that fracking has on the communities around the extraction sites should be enough for the government to regulate fracking practices more than they already
The discovery of huge amount of oil in Texas affected the economy as well as many aspects of daily life. For the Texans, the 20th century began on Jan. 10, 1901 when the Lucas No. 1 well blew in at thte Spindletop near Beaumont, a hill which was formed by a giant underground dome of salt in southeastern Texas. With that dramatic event, Texas ' economy was changed from its rural, agricultural roots into the petroleum and industrial age. The discovery at the Spindletop fueled a revolution in transportation and transformed Texas into an industrial giant like never before.
This began to cause controversy when a veteran scientist whistleblower, Weston Wilson, called the study “scientifically unsound” (The Halliburton Loophole). Wilson encouraged the Environmental Protection Agency to conduct a new study which did not involve the opinions of members of the hydrofracking industry so it would hopefully be non-biased (the Halliburton Loophole). While the integration of the hydrofracking industry into the Safe water Drinking Act appeared to be a good thing for regulating the industry, there is still a long way to go when it comes to actually controlling what is injected into the ground and its
This act states that industries must fully disclose to the public the contents in the water they use. By being exempt from this act, this creates some controversial talk among those that oppose fracking and believe that switching to renewables is the better option. “By the time the frackers are done in the other states our water will be worth more than oil” (Khavari). Water is gonna end being a valuable resource. Within the hydraulic fracking industry, millions of gallons of water are used up and more often than not, are never recovered again(Pros and Cons of Fracking).
Some people say fracking is harmful to the environment by damaging nature and by causing water pollution. Some claim that fracking is damaging nature and the landscape; however, there is actually a new technology that help reduce the amount of wells that have to be made. In addition, some people claim that fracking contaminates the groundwater, even though there is no scientific evidence that fracking contaminates groundwater. As a result the National Groundwater Association and the government agency which represents the states have found no evidence that fracking is ruining the drinking water. (No Evidence of Groundwater Contamination from Fracking) In addition, there is sources that say that fracking doesn 't contaminate the groundwater like Lisa Jackson, the director of Environmental Protection Agency who said she is not aware of any proven case that says fracking affects the water.
Do you often hear things like "we are killing our planet" or "global warming is a massive problem" from your local hippies? I 'm sure you must accept the common misconception that humans have made a huge impact on climate change, well I beg to differ: humans are actually not the main reason to climate change. In this essay I will explain as to why climate change isn 't caused by humans and why you should change your perspective on the topic. By analyzing that Global warming is natural, sea levels have been steadily rising for thousands of years, and CO2 has little impact on global warming, it becomes obvious that climate change was not cause by humans. Firstly global warming is actually natural, and the temperature has been slowly rising and cooling throughout the past 3000 years and the sudden rise in temperature in the recent years is perfectly normal and shouldn 't be considered as the destruction the earth.
The use of hydraulic fracking has been around since the 1940’s to extract small batches of natural gas. It was not until 2003 that the fracking process started extracting large quantities of natural gas and oil. Today, there is major controversy over the idea that hydraulic fracturing may or may not be harmful to the earth. One side says it is safe to use hydraulic fracking, others state that it is dangerous to society. Many people believe fracking is harmful to the environment because it pollutes the air and water and can possibly inject harmful chemicals in the earth.
After this act was passed, the government was locking down on products that were exposed to the public, preventing producers from contaminating our products, but contamination was not the only problem the government faced. In 1910, the American government seized a fairly large quantity of a product called Johnson’s Mild Combination Treatment for Cancer, this case brought up one major issue of the act. The medication that the government took was not polluted with any poisonous chemicals, but the producers labeled the product with false advertisement. The medication label stated that it was a suppresser of cancer progression, which it was not. The Supreme Court ruled against them “finding that the product 's false claims of effectiveness were not within the scope of the Pure Food and Drugs Act, Congress enacted the Shirley Amendment in 1912 to overcome the ruling in U.S. v. Johnson” (FDA Consumer Magazine, 2009).
The film seems to make attempts to explain the other side or get the other story by attempting to set up interviews with CEOs and directors of various energy companies involved in “fracking.” All of which end in with a denial to be interviewed. However, beyond attempting to interview large energy companies the film does not address any advantages to using “fracking” besides the ability to bring the United States back the the level of an energy superpower. This only being stated at the start of the film, with no other reference back to it as the documentary progresses. While it is not a necessity for a film, such as Gasland, wishing to make an argument to make the Pros and Cons of a given topic even, it is a necessity to adequately explain the counterargument and not dismiss it as a whole. Any reasonable person could tell that, but for some reason Gasland blantaly seems to ignore the other side.
It was assigned a magnitude of 9.5 by the United States Geological Survey. It is referred to as the “Great Chilean Earthquake” and the “1960 Valdivia Earthquake.” Other earthquakes in recorded history may have been larger;however, this is the largest earthquake that has occurred since accurate estimates of magnitude became possible in the early 1900’s (“The Great Chilean Earthquake”). Earthquakes are very dangerous, and if you live in an earthquake bound area, you always need to be prepared for destruction. The San Andreas is 800 miles long and a myth about it is that one day half of California will break off into the ocean, some believe it, others
Hurricane Katrina and previous Hurricane Rita, destroyed 113 offshore oil and gas platforms, damaged 457 oil and gas pipelines, and spilled nearly as much oil as the Exxon Valdez oil disaster” (useconomy.about.com). Katrina was said to have knocked out 95% of oil production in the Gulf, which is a key supplier for the U.S. economy. Oil prices at one point jumped to $70 dollars a barrel and gas prices in some areas reached nearly $5 dollars a gallon. In an attempt to alleviate the shortage the U.S. government released 30 million gallons of oil from the county’s Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR), trying to keep up with the high