The Environmental Impact Of Deforestation In Nigeria

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Deforestation poses as one of Nigeria’s greatest ecological problem, putting the country’s forest loss at a high percentage in the world. In fact, Nigeria is said to have lost and still losing millions of its forest hectares, causing old-growth forests to be disappearing very rapidly. It is even purported that Nigeria has the highest deforestation rate of natural forests on planet Earth. The activities of hewing “down trees both for construction and furniture industries as well as for exportation to foreign countries have”, according to Effiok Uwatt, “resulted in deforestation, desertification and massive gully erosion in the country”(38). Uwatt’s assertion is axiomatic in that these activities have manifested their negative effects in the ravaging soil erosion which has come to constitute a serious plight to Nigeria’s ecological landscape and Nigerians over the recent years. These devastating activities of man, Nwadialor posits, manifest their overall impact in the “destabilisation of the natural equilibrium, of environment− which in most cases end up in environmental pollution”(69). From every indication, deforestation can be considered the springboard of the mind-boggling damage wreaked by the 2012 flood which left thousands without shelter, and in which the funds that would probably have been used to provide infrastructure or meet other needs were dissipated on the aftermath of the evitable flood. The cutting and burning of trees has also contributed immeasurably to

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