For instance, women take unpaid leave more often than men, often to take care of newborns. Did you know that if more employers offered paid maternity leave, women are twice as likely to return back to their original employers? In fact, women’s earnings can decrease up to 7% per child that she has. Sometimes education level can be a reason for a pay gap, women with master’s degrees still only make 72% of what men with master’s degrees make. It is certain that some circumstances can somewhat explain the gender pay gap,but the rest is left to another factor, pure discrimination.
Fixing the Problem: Engineering Women Getting Paid Equally and Treated Equally Erin, age of twenty six, found out that she was being paid $20,000 less than her coworkers who were male college undergraduates. This is what she said. “I knew for a while that others were paid at a higher rate compared to me. I just accepted that and I don’t really know why. I guess I thought I just wasn’t as good and others were slightly more experienced.
Gender pay gap The gender pay gap is the percentage difference between average hourly earnings for men and women in the workplace. The pay gap isn 't the same as equal pay. Equal pay means that men and women doing the same job should be paid the same. This has been a legal requirement which was established in The Equal Pay act of 1970. Across the UK, men earned 18.4% more than women, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS).The gap between men and women 's earnings for both full and part-time work has fallen from 27.5% in 1997 to 18.4% in 2017.
Evidence from 2013 and 2014 minimum wage increase shows that an average minimum wage worker brings home more than a moiety of his or her family 's weekly earnings. In 2013 one million single mothers with children under 18 would have benefited from a minimum wage increase to $10.15. Single mothers are 10% of workers affected by an incrementation but they make up only 5.7 of the overall work force. More than two million espoused men and women with children under age 18 would additionally benefit from an
Something they both shared, was when they were typically married. Most women were married at age twenty-five, and it was only a couple years older for the men, at age twenty-seven to twenty-eight. Mothers usually had six children in their lifetime, which was partly due to their early marriages (Mitchell 142). One difference between the classes, was that children and infants in poorer families were often more likely to die than than those born into wealthier families. A main reason was that people in the upper class had better living conditions than the lower.
Or is it because women are more likely than men to work part-time? The gender wage gap is the difference in pay for men and women to do the same job. In Iowa in 2013, women made 78 percent of what men made. In 1973 women made 57% of what men made and the number of that increased 21% by 2013 putting the comparison at 78%. Over the last sixty years, American women have made incredible progress in the labor market.
(Boella; Pannett, 1996) Employment Protection Consolidation Act 1978, adversely affects women because many more women than men work part-time. The Employment Protection Part-Time Employees Regulations 1995 came into effect to remove the complex employment rights which have been based upon benchmarks of an employee working eight or sixteen hours per week. Previously employees had to complete five years’ service to qualify for employment rights and employees working fewer than eight hours never qualified for those rights. Jobs do not have to be identical for courts to consider them equal. If two employees are doing the same work, it doesn't matter if their titles or job descriptions differ.
The positions that females had were more likely to be chief information officer or human resources officer. The study determined that very little progress was made even in large leading hospitals in the nation, to close gender gaps in healthcare leadership. In fact, the top hospitals in the country should be leaders in closing the gaps and provide a good example of women in high ranking chief positions. (Lantz, 2008) In addition, there is less diversity in pay rates and on surveys that are self-reported, women healthcare executives earn lower salaries as men who are in similar positions. 29 of women said that gender played a vital role in receiving lower compensations in 2006, whereas 1 percent of men said the same.
Debra, In my practice, I also see more white nurses in a managerial position than the minority groups. Another consideration is the diversity in the age of nurses. The average age of nurses in the workforce is increasing, which means that over the next ten to fifteen years one-third of the nurses will be over 50 years old (Andrews & Boyle, 2016). At some point, our country will be suffering from a nursing shortage due to this group of nurses retiring. Therefore, it would be beneficial for colleges to improve their recruitment practices to increase enrollment of minority groups.
Even in the contemporary society, women can not get the same paid as men do even though they do the same job. This year, in July, the famous British broadcasting corporation, BBC, also had this phenomenon. The average salary of women was 6500 pounds lower than the men’s one. In addition to this, a study which carried out by the Workplace Gender Equality Agency found a 266 dollar a week overall difference between what men and women in full-time work earn. Furthermore, this gap has been increasing and is larger than it was 20 years ago.
It is excellent that people are now paying attention to gender inequality and trying to do something about it. Since Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men, it seems like the majority of the problem has been fixed. Catherine Hill, Ph.D., the vice president for research at the American Association of University Women wrote how the pay gap in the United States “affects women of all ages, races, and education levels”. Even if a woman has a Doctoral degree, lives in Washington D.C., and is Caucasian, the pay gap still exists. A man with that same backround would still be making more money yearly.