China 's Golden Age: Everyday Life in the Tang Dynasty - Notes Ch. 1 History (p. 1-18) Rebellion : 617-618 (p. 1) - Sui Dynasty falls to a combination of rebellions, invasions, bad campaigns, and mishandling of resources. - Commander Li Yuan (Gaozu) rose to power and forms the Tang Dynasty. Reconstruction : 618-683 (p. 1-4) - Gaozu claims western capital in 617 and renames it to Changan. - Reformation of government, education system, finances, and security.
Throughout history, many impactful and memorable empires have arisen. Each empire has its own defining traits that lead to its success or demise. Some empires are very similar, while some posses many different traits. And although some can possess the same quality, their implication and utilization of that quality can create many gaps in the empire’s overall similarity to the other. Two powerful and historically important empires are the Ottoman empire, and the Mughal empire.
The Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire. The Han dynasty Empire and the Roman empire stood large and mighty at the start of the Common Era, with the two kingdoms controlling an unprecedented mass amount of populations under their reign. Both kingdoms rose as predecessors from previous political systems that extended lands under one rule, with the Roman Republic expansion in Europe after the Punic wars and the Qin state achieving conquest over six other nearby states creating the first imperial China in east Asia. The heavy hand of the Qin dynasty and the assassination of Rome’s beloved general, Julius Caesar, by the Roman senate, threw both kingdoms into rebellion, ushering in centuries of imperialistic rule for both in their respective timelines.
Han and Yuan Dynasties The Han Dynasty lasted from 206 BC up until 220 AD. The Han Dynasty was founded by Liu Bang. The Yuan Dynasty was about 1000 years later from 1271-1368. The Yuan Dynasty was founded by Kublai Khan, but he placed his grandfather on the imperial records as founder.
Religions of the Han and Yuan Dynasties The Religion of the Han and Yuan Dynasties were Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism. The religions of these dynasties affected the government and society greatly. During the Han Dynasty the major religion was Confucianism. Buddhism and Daoism were the main religions in the Yuan Dynasty. Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism all affected the Chinese government.
In the Classical era, two very comparable empires carried out the cycle of rising and falling on the far western and eastern ends of Eurasia. While only Rome had to struggle to grow from a single city to an enormous empire, both Rome and Han China rose to power on the backs of their brutal armies. And, the fall of both empires negatively impacted the life of common people as well as the cultivation of culture across Eurasia. In the beginning of its reign, the Roman empire labored to grow from an impoverished city-state into a more expansive political force.
Tang Dynasty(618B.C.-907B.C.)is one of the famous flourishing age. During this period the culture, technology, political, economy, and diplomacy are high development. In the four great inventions, gunpowder and printing were invented during this time period. The Tang Dynasty last for 289 years and it was reign by 21 emperors. Tang Kwok-hing and Li Yuan's son from the Taiyuan is the open-establishing themselves.
The era of the Han dynasty in China, simply referred to as ‘Han China,’ was an extremely prominent one, with power that almost rivaled the Romans themselves. During this period of China, achievements and accomplishments reached new heights as the Silk Road opened, which allowed connection with the western world. However, even with all this, Han China still fell, thanks to opposing forces in the form of nomadic tribes, several natural disasters that were interpreted as angry messages from the gods, and internal/political unrest. During the Han dynasty and the opening of the Silk Road, there were several aggressive, nomadic tribes that centered around the Asian area.
The Eastern and Western Roman Empire’s that fell over time. The Eastern and Western empires are not exactly the same even though they were both parts of the roman empire. The Eastern and Western empire’s was once whole governed by one emperor until Diocletian split it in two for easier control. Then both of the empires started to differentiate from one another they got different customs and rules.
The Han Dynasty was an empire based around Confucianism. Confucianism was founded by Confucius during the Warring States Period (475 BCE-221 BCE) in China. During this period, China lacked a strong central government, so many teachers strived to create ways to preserve order in China. The teachings of Confucius are written in four books. The most famous book is Lun Yu, or the Analects.
The fall of Rome had very little impact on the lives of the common people in western Europe. Peter Heather makes this clear in his documentary “The Fall of Rome.” During the fall of Rome, there were many issues that were present in Rome. The lower class was treated near the same. There were massive inequality, militarism, and the dark ages during the fall of Rome.
Between 100 CE and 300 CE, the Han Dynasty had set important cultural foundations, such as Confucianism, constant, which lasted even after the rule of the Dynasty due to literature. The cultural changes led to a period of peace and economic prosperity; however, the political changes, such as unequal control of land between the rich and poor, had resulted in the Empire’s collapse by 220 CE, and it led to the Three Kingdoms Period (ends in 280 CE). The interior government was corrupt because of the civil service exams and the outer court system. Wealthy people had taken advantage of their power in order to get power. The court systems and the elite class became more focused on the luxuries of ruling rather than the duties of ruling.
“Inequalities in the First Civilizations.” In the year 3,500 B.C.E. the first civilizations appeared. There were seven major civilizations that were scattered around the world. There were civilizations in Sumer (southern Mesopotamia), the Nile River Valley (northeast Africa), Norte Chico (Central coastal Peru), Indus and Saraswati River Valleys (Pakistan), China, central Asia, and in the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. The first civilizations tended to develop from earlier, competing chiefdoms that already had some social rankings and economic specializations.