The Ethical Principles Of The Belmont Code Of Ethics

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The ethical principles of the Belmont Report share many similarities with the basic principles of the APA Code of Ethics, yet each possess unique differences. The Belmont Report is built around three main principles. These principles are respect for persons, beneficence, and justice (Kenneth, 1979). These principles represent the core values the Belmont Report was based upon. The Belmont Report is primarily used in research situations. The APA Code of Ethics is set around five basic principles. These principles are beneficence and nonmaleficence, fidelity and responsibility, integrity, justice, and respect for people’s rights and dignity (Fisher, 2017). These principles construct the core values of the APA Code of Ethics.
The first principle of the Belmont Report is respect for persons. This is a broad term, but represents two strong convictions. These convictions are “first, that individuals should be treated as autonomous agents, and second, that persons with diminished autonomy are entitled to protection” (Kenneth, 1979 par. 10). The first conviction represents a person’s ability to make their own decisions. For example, a person can leave a research study at any time, and cannot be forced or persuaded to continue. The second conviction is protection for individuals who cannot make sound decisions for themselves. This would include children and individuals with mental disorders like autism. The amount of protection any specific individual needs is assessed with the risk

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