The Evolution Of Democracy In Fukuyama's The End Of History

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Fukuyama’s ‘The End of History’ (1989) thesis holds the firm belief that the history of ideological struggles has come to an end. The ideological struggles that he expanded on are specifically on the power play between the Western ideas and its rivals – communism and fascism. He claims that the Western political form, liberal democracy, will be implemented world-wide as the “final form of human government.” (Fukuyama, 1989, pg. 4)
The Western ideologies of democracy in politics and capitalism in economics have been spread across the globe due to colonization in the past and globalization in the present. Fukuyama’s claim was supported by Samuel Huntington’s research on the upward trend in the number of countries adopting democratic. Huntington shows that in 1972, 33% of the nations are democratic and this has increased to 62% in 1996. He is confident of the continuity of this phenomenon.
Singapore has been an oddball in the field of politics. The small city-state does not subscribe to the extreme ends of the political ideology spectrum. It is not quite democratic nor is it strong authoritarian, hence its name ranges from benevolent dictatorship to soft authoritarian under Lee Kuan Yew’s leadership.
The case of Singapore will not support Fukuyama’s argument that history has ended because pragmatism, which is what Singapore’s policies and politics are based on, posts a challenge to Fukuyama’s claim of a lack of viable alternative to the western liberalism.
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