The Role Of Third King Jigme Dorji Wangchuk In The Process Of Democratization Bhutan the kingdom of thunder dragon in the Himalayas is positioned between the two Asians gains of India and china. Bhutan was ruled by a king since 1907 and by theocracy and civilian agency. The isolated under developed country slowly touching the edge of development when the country got the king. Gradually with the leadership of monarch, Bhutan began its clear way towards modernization. Towards the end of the last century, the country started the process of gradual devolution of power to the people by handing executive power to cabinet ministers.
His early education at the palace school included Hindi and English languages besides traditional subjects in Buddhist literature. He had played a greater role in developing our country with much hardship and he was the first person open our country to the outside world. In his twenty years of reign in the country, the country got drastically changed from the early modern period to the modern period. Therefore here in this essay it will mainly talk about how third king brought up the process of democratization in the kingdom of Bhutan in constitutional and social reforms. The first steps taken by His Majesty the third Druk Gyalpo in the process of democratization system in the country was the establishment of National Assembly in 1953 at Punakha.
When he gave his speech at that time, he was focusing on making clear for everyone that accepts the prize on behalf of his people in Tibetans, and he also wants to include other figures that are in the same circumstances. Then he said that all beings are the same and he included the people from China in his speech about the similarity, especially after he spoken about the situation between Tibet and China. Then, he talked about science and religion as two main connecting areas. In his speech, he used a language which is non-Buddhist. The Dalai Lama 's Heart of Wisdom .1954) The Buddhists in India have believed that they follow the best religious teaching and also, they follow the traditional structures, which were diver’s traditions, which spread across Asian cultures.
Naturally, when they have reached to Calcutta they brought most of thoughts and scholarships including some set of values, attitudes, beliefs. Hasting’s believed that in order to successfully do activities in Bengal there must be Indianization process for British. British people must know how to think and behave like an Easterner. Otherwise, the British will be treated like aliens in India. Therefore, Hasting had supported William Jones to establish an association called the Asiatic Society of Bengal (1784) to create consciousness among the English orientalist emigrants and also to encourage further oriental researches.
In 1616 Zhabdrung arrived in Bhutan, so he realized that Bhutan needs to separate the identity to differentiate from the neighboring countries particularly with Tibet. Many exclusive customs, Traditions were created to highlight the unique ways of Bhutanese life to the outside world. Bhutan has made vast change in the development. So this affects difference between the revered traditional values and appealing modern values. The Modernization has therefore imposed modern values over gradually fading traditional values of Bhutan.
Over many centuries Bhutan remain isolated and Bhutanese does not have any idea about democracy. However under the reign of third King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck he played a vital role and he put a seed of democracy in Bhutan. He studied abroad the country and he got an idea of modernization and social reforms which he put into practical in our country and the changes he brought never hampered the culture and norms of our country. South Africa`s president Nelson Mandela says “For to be free is not merely to cast off one`s chains, but to live in always that respect and enhances the freedom of others.” Similarly, compare to other past ruler His Majesty the third King was different in embracing a democracy approach because during his forefather time the power is centralized. However, according to Phuntsho (2013, p.569) “the noble initiative of sharing of power with people has been started by third King” it shows that during his twenty years reign in throne he initiated the redistribution of to the power to people.
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