The FDIC: The Great Depression

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The FDIC was created in 1933 in response to the thousands of bank failures that occurred in the 1920s and early 1930s. The FDIC was a provision of the Glass-Steagall Act. During the nine year period from 1921-1929 more than 600 banks failed each year. The failed banks were small banks operating in the rural suburban areas and held the deposits of mostly farmers and blue collar folks. When banks fold and continue to do so, people will start to worry about their money in any bank. People will want their money to be securely kept until they need it and if the bank is not safe they will remove it. An increase in bank failures during the last few months of 1930 generated widespread attempts to convert deposits to cash. People lost faith in the
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