The Fable: The Ideas Of The Fables

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Fable is a brief story intended to deliver a moral lesson. It is described either through animals, forces of nature, inanimate objects or plants by giving them human qualities. Fables were first invented with the intention that the languid minds of children could not be roused more quickly by any other way of speaking except it. This might be the reason the most serious and wisest of men have used this kind of teaching. The American psychologist Bruno Bettelheim argues that fables, myths and classic fairy tales such as Jack and the Beanstalk and Snow White deal with important human emotions and interminable ideas such as the battle between good and evil. Bettelheim also argues that children do not grow to maturity and understanding by accident - they have to be surrounded by stories and legends that teach the moral lessons as well as keep them exciting and entertaining.
Aesop is undoubtedly the most distinguished author of fable. His fables put prominence on the social communications of human beings and hence the morals he draws; deal with the realities of life. In Aesop 's fables like `The Ant and the Grasshopper’, where the ant can survive winter because he has gathered food during the summer months instead of singing like the grasshopper, teach that hard work and planning ahead are better than being idle. Another tale, `The Boy who cried Wolf’, shows that if you lie and try to trick people, then when real danger arrives, you will suffer because nobody believes you.
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