FOOD SECURITY CONCEPT AND DEFINITION Definitions (drawn from USAID Policy Determination 19, 1992) Food security “Food security exists when all people at all times have both physical and economic access to sufficient food to meet their dietary needs for a productive and healthy life.” Food availability refers to the presence of food, e.g. when “sufficient quantities of appropriate, necessary types of food from domestic production, commercial imports, commercial aid programs, or food stocks are consistently available to individuals or within their reach.” Hence, food availability is largely a function of macroeconomic factors. Food access refers to the resources the households have to obtain foods, either through own production or through
As studies showed that availability of food, access to food and risks related to either access or availability of food are the essential determinants of food security. Food production, stockholding and trade are the primary determinants of national, regional and local availability of food. Variations
What this meant was that, as a human we need to eat to survive, but to be healthy you need to know what and how to eat healthy. Good nutrition means getting the right amount of nutrients from healthy foods in the right combinations. Good health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well being which that creates a healthy mind, body, and spirit. You are presented based on what you eat, or how I heard, “you are what you eat”. Nutrition is necessary for humans, but most importantly now in days because of how people eat their easy way out.
Everyone wants to live as long and as healthy as possible. Through a healthy diet and exercise you can prevent diseases, and stay young longer. Most likely everyone would like to be more fit, healthier, and feel better about their bodies, so today I want to tell you everything that requires to be a fit, active, and healthy person. (internal preview statement) Body I. Maintaining a healthy life style requires a person to remain active, and to consume a nutritious diet.
FOOD SECURITY AND GLOBAL MIGRATION ARE WE TAKING IT SERIOUSLY? Often in search of better job opportunities, people travel to other countries which is referred to as “global migration”. However, global migration can have negative and positive impacts on a country’s food security. Food security can be characterized as when all people in a given country, have physical and economic access to adequate, safe, and nutritious food which meets their requirements for an active and healthy life, at all times. Throughout this article potential impacts of global migration on food security would be explored.
Thus sustained improvements in the standard of living and economic health is an important pre-requisite to having healthy and well nourished citizens. Well nourished citizens are more productive and contribute to further growth of their economies. This is a desirable virtuous cycle. A vicious cycle can, on the other hand, result form a reversal of economic development if an economy suddenly suffers from an economic shock such as declining prices of a commodity on which the government is overly dependent for export revenue and foreign exchange reserves
A consumer is refer to be food secure when they easy have access to nutrient-dense foods of high quality all the time, easy ways to have safe and nutritious foods and enough to meet their dietary requirements. UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) defined food security as a person who have physical, economic and social access to safe, healthy, sufficient and nutritious food all the time. According to United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) a person is said to be food secure when all the family members have easy access to safe, nutritious and healthy food all the time. Basically food security is comprised of three important elements (1). Availability of safe and nutritious food (2).
India is one of the fastest developing countries in the world and there is a growing need for healthy food in our country. With the fast changing socio economic indicators, the Indian consumers are now looking for the food products that provide certain added value beyond nutrition. This value may be specific health benefits, disease risk reduction ability, general well being or the cosmetic benefit associated with the foods. The consumers are now increasingly accepting the value propositions targeted by functional foods in