In Stalingrad, historian Antony Beevor calms that, “Hitler’s ability to manipulate generals was uncanny,” meaning that if he had listened to the advice of his Generals and Commanders and followed his original aims when making his tactical and strategic decisions, the outcome of the Battle of Stalingrad could have been significantly different. Vasily Chuikov, the commander of the 62nd Army in the Battle of Stalingrad, said, “The heavy casualties, the constant retreat, the shortage of food and munitions, the difficulty of receiving reinforcements... Many longed to get across the Volga, to escape the hell of Stalingrad,” depicting the terrible situation in Stalingrad for the Soviet army. After the battle, Winston Churchill said, “The guts of the German Army have been largely torn out by Russian valour and generalship,” which accurately depicted Germany’s situation. The outcome of the Battle of Stalingrad was heavily influenced by Operation Blue, a failed German strategy, the strategic reaction to Operation Uranus, and by the German tactical errors involving the German Army, which include the division of the German Army, the fact that the 6th Army was unprepared, and the bombing of Stalingrad before the 6th Army had
From the very beginning, Hitler and the Nazi Party had very clear ideas and objectives. They had two main aims, and in order to expand and dominate the diplomatic stage in Europe, they had to achieve these aims. Firstly, Hitler followed a revisionist policy, which was to ignore and end the Treaty of Versailles. The treaty severely limited Germany’s power, with territory loss and the creation of the Polish Corridor. Their army was reduced to 100,000 men, their navy and air force were restricted, Anschluss with Austria was forbidden and they had to pay reparations of a total of 6.6 billion pounds.
Germany had always been a divided country from the start of the Potstam meeting where that Berlin, the capital of Germany would be divided into four zones of occupation where the Allies (France, Britain and America) would occupy the Western Zones and the Soviets would occupy the Eastern zones. Whilst Russia’s aim was to cripple Germany, the other allies wanted to build it up into a strong country. It was due to this plan of Russia’s to cripple Germany that the Berlin blockade and airlift occurred. After Western Germany began to flourish in terms of economy the USSR decided to close all rail roads, canals and other forms of transport to Western Berlin in order to cripple them and 2.5 million people were cut off from food supplies. The result
Hitler made countless mistakes in World War 2. Some mistakes had little effect on the war’s outcome, whereas others caused major problems for Hitler and his Nazis. One costly mistake that Hitler made was invading the United Soviet Socialists Republic, also known as ‘Operation Barbarossa’. In the years leading up to the invasion, the USSR and Germany signed a political and economic pact for strategic purposes.
Timothy Li Dr. Hogge AP European History March 8th 2018 Black May The Black May in World War II had been a major turning point in the Battle of the Atlantic for the Allied countries. Until May of 1943, the Germans had led a massive U-boat campaign that devastated the Allies vessels. Great Britain especially was hurt by the U-boats as Britain had relied on supplies from other nations in order to not only fight in the war, but also protect itself from a Nazi invasion. The German U-boats were effective because of the lack of proper armorment on shipping vessels moving to and from Great Britain and that the U-boats often hunted in wolf-packs, where multiple submarines would stay close together to hunt and sink specific targets. England was losing
The first reason being the pressure from Eisenhower’s superior in the United States to coordinate and send off a team of highly trained paratroopers. “Then, Montgomery had long been advising Eisenhower on the folly of a broad-front strategy, for that many military leaders in history had lost their hard-earned initiative by failing to concentrate their forces. This would allow Montgomery to launch his assault on the industrial heartland of Germany and end the war by Christmas.” (Greenarce 284) General Dwight D Eisenhower was the commander of the operation which would take over the land campaign from
Thesis: There was a myriad of impacts on Canada during and after World War One, most seen in politics. This was because the military, economic, and social factors were dependent on political. Military: At the start of the war, Canada 's military failed. More successes later in the war led to a rise in nationalism. The most prominent failure, though not the first battle, was the Battle of Passchendaele.
Also, the plan mainly relied for speed and to move a large number of German troops they would need transportation. For this the Germans relied on trains. Once the Germans had started the invasion, the French destroyed the train tracks so the German forces was slowed down substantially. Also, the assumption made by the Germans turned out to be wrong. Russia didn’t need six weeks to mobilize its troops and the British played a huge role in protecting Belgium.
The film Miracle portrays one of the most significant moments in U.S Olympics history. The thought of a group of college hockey players beating the “lab-made” Russians was almost inconceivable at the time. Although this sporting achievement was immense, the political significance of the Americans beating the Russians was far more significant. Following World War II, Eastern and Western nations faced geopolitical tensions, and eventually, entered into the Cold War. While the U.S and Russia never fired a shot during the Cold War, the tension between the two nations was ever-present.
Stalin has been blamed for many atrocities. Next to Hitler, he’s seen as the megalomaniac dictator of World War Two. Stalin’s purges were a brutal solution to Stalin’s problem yet it was a solution. Without the purges, It’s doubtful Russia would have been able to stand in their later years during World War Two and beyond. How were the purges so successful?
On November 19, 1942 the Red Army begins Operation Uranus to encircle German 6th army. Three days later on November 23, 1942, 290,000 Axis troops were captured. The Soviet Union had home advantage including the fact they had faster access to supplies. This battle was important for the Soviet Union and its pride to embarrass Hitler and end his quest of conquering Russia. If Germany had won
They suffered a disastrous defeat at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass in Feb. 1943. There was internal bickering between the United States and Britain. However, this was a turning point for the war. President Roosevelt put General Patton in charge. The Allies stopped the advance of the German army in North Africa and began pushing back.
During the start of the war, the German Army was very prepared. As they were defeated during World War I, they have had become more competitive and never wanted to get defeated again. New weapons for the war such as tanks, armored divisions, air power were well used. During the war, there was a concentration camp for people who were opposing Hitler. Whoever opposed him was either put in a concentration camp or was shot.