Raiding cities, capturing and plundering treasure ships, discovering new lands, and helping to defeat the juggernaut that was the Spanish Armada were just some of the amazing deeds of the British privateer Sir Francis Drake. Through the previously mentioned actions, Sir Francis Drake established a foundation for the birth and maturing of the newly formed British Empire, and consequentially triggered the eventual downfall and destruction of the once glorious Spanish Empire. After he was ambushed by the Spanish on his second slave trading voyage to the West Indies, Drake developed a perpetual rancor for the Spanish which he would express through his raiding and capturing of Spanish ships (Britannica Online). The majority of Drake 's time assaulting
Cromwell's time as Lord Protector changed how the Crown and Parliament interacted and worked with each other. His army laid the foundation for the Army's in England that came after. And he changed the landscape of religion in the isles, strengthening the Protestant majority and tearing down the Irish Catholics. His crusade against Charles the I and subsequent reign inspired the American colonists to go against military dictators. Though his time as a leader is remembered both negatively and positively his influence cannot be
Henry VI (also Henry of Navarre), is known for his abrupt change in religious faith, from Calvinism to Catholicism, ending the French Wars of Religion and consolidating France into a unified nation. After the death of the Duke of Anjou, Catherine de Médicis youngest son, Henry of Navarre became the next person in line after the reigning of Henry III. Henry of Navarre, a Protestant Calvinist, posed a threat to the Catholic rule of France. This provoked the creation of the Catholic League, a group of Catholic powers “held together by one common goal: to prevent the monarchy of the ‘Most Christian King’ from falling into the hands of a heretic.” (Holt 123) In response, Henry “abjured his Calvinist faith and recognized the Catholic religion as
The Puritans brought these fears to Salem as they colonised New England in an attempt to flee religious maltreatment in Europe. However, ironically, the Puritans would establish a highly conservative and religiously intolerant settlement; a society where church and the government are a single, explicitly stringent, entity. The austere attitude of the Salem community in 1692-1693, at the start of the Salem Witch Trials, would become visible. This was a series of events that have become an infamous part of American colonial history for being described as “mass hysteria” as they consisted of prosecutions, executions and imprisonments that infiltrated Massachusetts. The prosecutions were held under the premise that locals within Salem had begun to act peculiarly: morphing their bodies unnaturally, becoming physically ill and incoherently babbling.
She reversed the Protestant reform progress and threw out all previous reforms, executed or exiled many Protestants for heresy, and gave the pope his authority back. Once Mary died though, Elizbeth took the throne and, to maintain the Protestants support, reinstated the Act of supremacy and reintroduced the Book of Common Prayer. She did try to gain Catholic’s support as well but by the end of her reign, Catholicism was against the law. Being a priest was even considered a crime that led to many accusations of treason. It was under Elizabeth’s rule that Protestantism was able to
The literature of Romanticism versus the Victorian era initially becomes a problematic subject to accept. As a Victorian poet, Gerard Manley Hopkins attacks the conception of religion by questioning the existence of God. Hopkins’ sonnets reflect this issue of an oppress religion and educates people towards the conspiracy of a change era through his magnificent poems. Hopkins stands true to the new and improve era of Victorian by conciliating the absences of divinity. Although others may have disagree that G.M.
The Catholic Church’s flawed ideas on how people should prove themselves worthy of God’s protection eventually led to public disapproval. One man, named Martin Luther, had an idea to denounce the method of the Catholic Church that would influence the world and change Christianity forever. When the Catholic Church was first formed, its goals were to spread and to help people follow
Religion in The Elizabethan Era About 450 years ago, the Elizabethan Era was in full swing. Religion was a was a touchy subject; with half the people believing in Protestantism, and the others believing in Catholicism. The monarch ruled politically and the roman catholic church ruled spiritually, until King Henry VIII broke away from the catholic church and created The Church of England. No separation from state and church created a religious battle field, and a constant swinging pendulum for religion. Protestantism, was brought to us by king henry VIII.
The colonists were unhappy about the unreasonable taxes, no representation in the parliament, and felt unfair to pay for the war that British fought against the French. The revolution quickly spread, and as we know now the American Colonies got their independence and are now The United States of
Philip II had been contemplating an invasion on England, however, due to Spain’s financial situation, the ability of taking on such an operation made the King reluctant. After the execution of the Roman Catholic, Mary Queen of Scots, he wanted to seek revenge. Being married to Mary Tudor and equally like her wishing to see England return to Roman Catholicism, Philip was determined, as well as being backed by a country which was known as the strongest Catholic nation in Europe. Many factors influenced his decision; however, in 1585 Elizabeth contributed to his decision to attack. This was through Elizabeth helping the Protestants in the Netherlands when they revolted against their Spanish overlords led by the Duke of Parma.
The ongoing battle of Britain versus America raged on with one of the most important wars in American history, the War of 1812. This battle began with a simple feud. Britain had been angry at America for helping both them and their enemy in a war. Britain felt that America shouldn’t help France and should be punished for helping. They began committing a series of naval violations against our naval policy.
12) Jays Treaty was named after a man named John Jay. The British were seizing US ships and Washington sent Jay over to make the British stop. However, Jay returned with a “not so perfect” treaty. The treaty accepted Britain’s right to stop neutral ships, required the US to make “full and complete compensation” to the prerevolutionary war debts, allowed Americans to submit claims for illegal seizers, and required the British to remove their troops and Indian agents from the Northwest Territory. The stopping of the neutral war ships were the most unsatisfactory because it meant that they now had a trading alliance with Britain.
Debating the past 1. How have historians’ views of native Americans and their role in the European colonization of north America changed overtime? Historians views the Native Americans as a civilization “crushed” and “scorned” by the march of European forces in the New World. The European pilgrims in North America regularly defended their extension of domain with the suspicion that they were sparing - as they saw - a savage, agnostic world by spreading Christian human advancement. In the Spanish colonization of the Americas, the strategy of Indian Reductions brought about the constrained transformations to Catholicism of the indigenous individuals.
The war of 1812 had an immense impact on the new nation’s future. Throughout this war, America suffered several defeats but ultimately arose victorious and began to establish herself as the leading world influence. But what factors drove the U.S. to declare war on England and what was our gain as a result of this war? The U.S. declared war on England because they had violated our neutrality rights and we ultimately emerged from the war stronger and more nationalistic. In 1807, the British seized an American vessel, the Chesapeake, and detained some of the American crewman and forced them to serve in their Navy.