Chinese Cultural Revolution was the burst out of their accumulation of contradictions, while special historical backgrounds and conditions (Mao’s dislike to intellectuals, radical intellectual groups under Jiang Qing’s leadership, young students evolved in the movement) aggravated tensions and gave those mainly influential westernised scholars a heavy
However, he believes that China did not succeed because they failed ‘to realize its potential’ and that ‘Chinese technology stopped progressing’, hence the reason why there was a Great Divergence between Europe and China. Sinocentrists agree that there was a Great Divergence between the two civilizations but it was not because of technological invention or innovation that created
And He said, religion promises happiness in life for a while only. That is why Karl Marx critic about the ideology of religion and said religion is opium of the people. In additional, Marx said it necessarily a conservative, status-quo-preserving force (Mihaela Serban). Marx analysis and critique of religion perhaps one of the most famous and most quoted by theist and atheist alike (Austin Cline). Most of those who doing the quoting don’t really understand what exactly Marx
Legalism stressed the importance of law and order above all other matters. Many of the doctrines and beliefs of Legalism were formed from the ideas of Han Fei, who was actually the disciple of the Confucian philosopher Xun Zi. Xun Zi had lost faith in the Confucian belief in the inherent good of man after seeing the constant political and social turmoil of his time. He and his disciples took the realization of man’s true nature to heart and decided that there needed to be something to control the rampant self interest of man, and they decided that the way would be through a system of laws. While Confucians believe that the nature of man is inherently good, Legalists believe that the nature of man is very susceptible to bad intentions.
According to the dynastic cycle, dynasties always came to an end. Therefore a new dynasty wrested power from the Shang: the Zhou dynasty. Zhou kings were smart: they thought that trouble would come if rulers lost heaven’s favor. As a justification for their conquest, the Zhou leaders stated that the last Shang king had been a poor ruler.
Coinciding with this hierarchy were the opportunities available to receive a quality education; in this way, the scholars of the society were also the ones who had control over the politics of the government. As a result of these politician-scholars being mostly concerned with the political matters of the state, they did not have time to even attempt to spread new philosophical ideas of their own. In addition, the politicians could not outwardly express any ideas of philosophical, ethical, or societal reform that were radically different than the existing system if they wanted to stay in power. It was not until the latter years of the Zhou Dynasty that ethical and societal reform began to take place, allowing others lower in the social ranking to become elite scholars. As a result, many new philosophical and ethical thoughts came to light, including Daoism and
This in turn led to less development after Rome because no one had an expendable income. Trade was vital to the success of the Romans and depended on trade with other empires, like the Han Dynasty in China, and the Gupta Empire in
Confucianism publicizes the rite so much that it restrains the nature of people. That is why many people rejected the Confucianism during the May 4th Movement. There is no kind of religion that is perfect. Only if we can live an ideal life that obey the law and ethic, the religion is meaningful to us.
And the history fact recorded that what Huizong implemented during his authority period could not be doubted, however, I believe the main reason that people could not copy Huizong’s calligraphy is the difference of social status. As an emperor, Huizong did not carry enough responsibility on him, or in other words, he attempted to manage the country in the correct method, but failed since he mistakenly deployed Cai and the others as important roles in politics, and his power are transferred. Nevertheless, as an emperor, I believe no one wish to destroy the country from the beginning and the ending of Northern Song dynasty is not only contributed by Emperor Huizong himself, which I found proof from Chinese scholar Chongyue Ren(任崇岳) and his article “简论宋徽宗”. He wrote that even Emperor Huizong should be criticized and blamed for the ending of the dynasty, but because of the accumulated conflicts among different social class, nations, and the severe budging crisis of the country, even with several revolutions, people did not make further breakthrough eventually. (Reference 4, p5)
Response to Mo Tzu’s Against Music Whether or not music has any real world usefulness is entirely up to opinion. Mo Tzu, one of China’s first real philosophers, believed music’s “ benefits were limited to an extremely small number of people, namely the very wealthy”(Tzu 308). He did not hate music, but rather saw no use for it in society and therefore believed that people’s tax money should not go into artistic programs that do not benefit the country directly. Tzu’s view of music as only a luxury conflicts with modern studies that indicate how a child learns more effectively with the addition of a music curriculum, or how music can fight depression, ect. Tzu’s first argument against music is a moral one, and that is that “benevolent men
After the American Revolution, the newly formed United States of America was substantially unstable as there was increasing economic and social unrest. The first written documents of constitutional authority were generally weak and ineffective. As a result, there was unrest among the colonists, and this created the urge for a newly reformed government system. The proclaimed Founding Fathers took action and put forward what they thought would be the best remedy to the new nation. Some call the Founding Fathers “democratic reformers”, however, this opinion is overall misguided and uninformed, as the Constitution and the actions taken by the Founding Fathers did not represent the majority of the people in the new nation.