The Father Of Civil Engineering

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Introduction to Engineering

Engineering is the implementation of mathematics, empirical confirmation and scientific, financial, social, and realistic knowledge in order to create and innovate, design, build, maintain, research, and advance structures, machines, tools, systems, components of materials and processes. The term Engineering is obtained from the Latin ingenium, that means clever and invention. Traditionally engineering having as four main branches they are

Chemical Engineering
The relevance of physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering principles in order to carry out chemical processes on large and small scales, such as micro fabrication, petroleum refining and bio-molecule production.

Civil Engineering
The planning, designing
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Because civil engineering is a wide ranging profession, including several separate specialized sub-disciplines, its history is linked to Knowledge of structures, materials science, geography, geology, soils, hydrology, environment, mechanics and other fields.

Throughout ancient and medieval history most architectural design and construction was carried out by artisans, such as stonemasons and carpenters, rising to the role of master builder. Knowledge was retained in guilds and seldom supplanted by advances. Structures, roads and infrastructure that existed were repetitive, and increases in scale were incremental

History of Civil
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From the earliest times, engineering works related to both peaceful activities and military operations had been mostly civil works. The beginning of civil engineering as a separate discipline may be traced back to the foundation of the Bridge and Highway Corps in France in 1716. From this corps the École National des Pontset Chaussées (the National School of Bridges and Highways) grew in 1747. The oldest of the engineering discipline is civil engineering, which was developed as a profession from the techniques used in the ancient world. It is concerned with site analysis, planning, and designing of all types of construction structures such as bridges, roads, tunnels, harbours, and airports.

Development of Civil Engineering

In past years, civil engineers focused on design and construction of new facilities, such as buildings, bridges and highways, water treatment and environmental facilities, foundations and tunnels. Today 's civil engineer not only has to design new facilities but must also analyse the effects of deterioration on infrastructure elements, consider system interdependencies and evaluate life-cycle impacts while also considering environmental and economic sustainability within the context of society.

Scope of Civil
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