The second Red Scare was a time period where government officials were questioned whether they had Communist affiliations. To eradicate the security threats in the government, President Truman issued Executive Order 9835 to search out “infiltration of disloyal persons.” This action caused the investigation of people like Alger Hiss and other suspected Communists. The government along with the citizens set up effective ways, Blacklists, to bar Communists from getting hired for work. In 1950, Red Channels, a book that exposed 151 writers, actors, musicians, and other radio and television entertainers as Communists, was published.
We never really understood why the Jews specifically. Was it only Adolf Hitler’s fought or maybe there were more people behind these horrible crimes. Adolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. His strong beliefs about Jewish people resulted in millions of deaths of them.
The Crucible by Arthur Miller is about the corruption, lying, strict actions of the Salem witchcraft trials in Salem, Massachusetts. Miller was inspired to write this play to relate to the era of McCarthyism during the 1950’s that he and American citizens were experiencing. In the 1950’s Joseph McCarthy starting accusing public figures of being guilty of treason by supporting the communist party (of Russia). But McCarthy had no physical proof or evidence that suggested his wild accusations. The accusations caused havoc in America, hundreds imprisoned, and thousands to lose their job.
John Proctor’s character is one based on reputation, and guilt. The guilt comes from his affair with Abigail Williams. The reputation aspect comes from when he is accused by Mary Warren of trying to turn her to the Devil. I believe that John Proctor grows tired of the accusations, as to why he speaks of his false involvement with Satan in front of the town. Specifically, Deputy Danforth uses John Proctor as an example for conviction as he is certain he will be able to turn others
I think that people do put on a lot of masks to make people think they’re different than their actual personality is. Tom Walker and the devil both had those type of attitudes along with Tom Walker’s wife. In conclusion greed and manipulation does not get you very far in
When people are placed under an intense feeling of fear, they begin to commit actions they never thought they were capable over. In The Crucible by Arthur Miller, a young group of girls commit witchcraft which eventually leads to the arrest of over 100 women. This is similar to a time in the 1950s when Joseph McCarthy accuses government officials of communism and that ultimately leads to hundreds of citizens losing their jobs. The Crucible reveals the similarities between The Salem Witch Trials of the 1690s and McCarthyism of the 1950s because it demonstrates how a society can be tremendously impacted by the feeling the fear.
With the dropping of the Atomic bomb that ended WWII and the beginning of the Cold War, the United states was in distress. The start of the 1950s brought about many changes to American society, from the Red Scare and threat of the possible spread of communism in America, to changes in political movements, civil rights movements, and another possible war. The political climate in the 1950s was a period when people made judgement without proof based on people’s occupations, it instilled a fear that anyone could be a communist and pushed McCarthy to find and dispose of them. Factors that influenced this political crisis and fear go back years to 1917 when communism was recognized as a political force. It was known as the last red scare.
By the end of act 1, we know that Polonius wants Ophelia to protect her “honor” (or what was considered honor way back when) by rejecting Hamlet’s advances. In trying to occupy the role of the hero, Hamlet freaks and scares Ophelia by acting super awkward. Ophelia tells her dad, who thinks she must have done something to make Hamlet act really creepy. Ophelia says she “did repel his letters and denied his access [to her]” (2.1.110-111).
could hurt them anything different than the “norm” would be considered suspicious. John Proctor is an example of this individualism. Although not a perfect human, I consider him one of the most righteous in the whole story. He was aware of what was happening in Salem and feared not to say his opinion. “Why do you never wonder if Parris be innocent, or Abigail?
Arthur Miller constructs his play upon the famous Salem witch trails. Miller's Crucible was written in the early 1950s. Miller wrote his drama during the brief reign of the American senator Joseph McCarthy whose bitter criticized anti- communism sparkled the need for the United States to be a dramatic anti- communist society during the early tense years of the cold war. By orders from McCarthy himself, committees of the Congress commenced highly controversial investigations against communists in the U.S similar to the alleged Salem witches situation. Convict communists were ordered to confess their crime and name others to avoid the retribution.
During McCarthyism there was a committee called (HUAC) House Un-American Activities Committee that was hunting for “infiltrators” card-carrying communist . They decided that if you were suggested of being a communist you would have to face trial. This committee had the power to blacklist you and destroy your career. “...three hundred and twenty artists were blacklisted, and for many of them this meant the end of exceptional and promising careers.
These years are often referred to as the “McCarthy era”, named after a U.S. Senator from Wisconsin who blamed many of his colleagues of Communist subversion. In many cases, defendants were pitted against their own friends, whose only evidence were their words. Cultural and racial bias ran rampant, and often those accused of a crime against the country, such as espionage or conspiracy of espionage, were not given fair trials. In one such case, a husband
Both situations spiraled out of control because of ignorance and the use mob mentality. A person who sympathized with Communists was persecuted, just as if someone tried to defend the accused witches of Salem. Parallel to the Salem Witch Trials, the McCarthy Trials accused hundreds of innocent people of being Communists without any proof. Like Salem, if the accused confessed to communism, they would be blacklisted from their community, but not jailed. Sir William Phips was the Governor of Massachusetts at the time of the salem Witch Trials, and he refused to stop the trials until one of the accusers targeted his wife.
Some people even moved to another state to try and find another job to provide for their families. The Red Scare was the worst time of the nineteenth century it was all about racism and the political views on the economy. The 9-11 terrorist
The McCarthy hearings and the Salem witch trials relate because they both blacklisted citizens. During the McCarthy hearings, the HUAC committee believed that Communists were incorporating subversive messages into Hollywood films (Georgakas). Some of the people who were a part of these films were put on the Hollywood blacklist and most couldn’t continue their careers. Whoever hired them would be suspected of working with Communists, which made it extremely difficult for actors to land auditions. Not only were careers ruined, but some victims even spent a year in prison for their false crimes.