The Fed Was Ineffective In The 1980's

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Chapter 17 enlighten monetary targets and goals. The Fed was ineffective in the 1980s because it was engaged in pro-cyclical monetary policies, that is, expanding the money supply and lowering interest rates during expansions and constricting the money supply and raising interest rates during recession, the Fed could have done the opposite to be effective. Also the practice of open market operation was absent, and it did not realize the damage it was toying with rr after new dealers gave it control of reserve requirements. After switching from pro-cyclical to anti-cyclical monetary policy, macroeconomic volatility decreased.
Central banks main trade-off is a short-term one between inflation which often result in tighter monetary policy, and
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