Women in the Progressive Era The Progressive Era was a time of change across America, a time when the country chose to reform into an industrialized urban country. Prosperity was widespread across America, so people turned to social issues to try to expand. Minorities in particular became a focus of this time period, and everyone tried to find a way to integrate them into society. The Progressive Era marked a turning point for women in America because it was when women took their values that they taught in the home and applied them to social, political, and labor issues. One of the main focuses of women at the time was on social issues.
In the renaissance period, the status and the presentation of women was oppressive and restrictive. Women were allowed to enjoy very few economic and political rights and acted submissively in front of their fathers and husbands. They were forced to remain in the domestic part of their society. Their roles as daughters, mothers and wives were considered significant in the renaissance age. Their reproductive capabilities was extremely important for inheritances and for maintaining the family line.
In the 1920s, there was an increase in the amount of women who attended higher education from 35 percent in 1900 to 47 percent in 1920 (Chandler 104). It shows their initiative to make their own decisions and find their own role in society. Outside of the workplace, women also objected the standards of marital status. They held firm in their beliefs that a woman should be able to divorce their husbands in a “term marriage”, a phrase describing a short, unsatisfactory marriage (Chandler 105). Women demanded a freedom to date without the pressure of settling down.
This document written by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, demanded social status equality as well as legal rights, and the right to vote. The successes of the Women’s Suffrage Movement was that the 19th amendment granted women the right to vote. During this movement job opportunities were open to more women which also caused this movement to make working conditions better to work in and gave women a better paying wage. Women were also able to take birth control which worked on issues such as childbirth during the period. Although some failures during the movement were that men still did not see women as equal to them, and that they were incapable of owning property, this movement changed has changed the lives of women for the
Although the republican motherhood’s intentions were to make women and men equal they still had their limits. Women still felt the need to apologize for their forthrightness, because the men considered women to be submissive and irrational and therefor unfit for citizenship.
During this time period, progressive women, like Roosevelt honed in on factory reforms such as eliminating unsafe and unsanitary sweatshops. However, as an underdeveloped and underappreciated class, these women focused on their needs and that of children. For example, reformist Florence Kelley, leader of the National Consumers League who fought for laws safeguarding women and children in the workplace, won the Muller v. Oregon case in 1908 in which the Supreme Court agreed to the constitutionality of laws protecting women workers. This reform, although positive in the sense that it provided protection for women also came with future backlash. This verdict ultimately promoted the concept that women were weaker than men therefore discriminating against women and closing “male” jobs off to women workers.
Options gave them some power and influence, as an emerging voting class with a particular set of priorities. Women still faced inequality and discrimination, but in the words of the Virginia Slim’s slogan, which was marketed toward women in the sixties and seventies, “You’ve come a long way, baby!” (Catalano, pg. 76). The simple fact that product marketing, which was not for household products, food, or clothing, was being directed toward women was evidence of a new group of people with purchasing power. Women were no longer sitting idly by as decisions were being made for them.
In the Wife of Bath’s, she broke all the stereotypes Medieval society thought a wife is. She tells the people that being married intercourse is part of marriage and God has made privates parts to make generations, not to waste in doing nothing. Being categorized or stereotyped in Medieval society was hard for married women in the Medieval era because often they were portrayed as disloyal, uncontrolled sexual beasts because of the lack of marriage
So when their husbands didn’t allow them to obtain a job the wives had no choice but to listen to them. The husband preferred for their wives to take care of their child since there was nobody else that could take care of them and that was a norm for women. Taking care of the children was the job of a women and that’s how many saw it in the late
This play, A Doll’s House by Henrik Ibsen, focuses on women, especially in marriage and motherhood. Torvald is a character, who describes inequality between men and women and the women’s role in the society in that era. He believes that it is an important and the only duty of a woman to be a good wife and mother. As an individual, a woman, could not conduct or run a business of her own, she needs to ask her father or husband and they were only considered to be father’s or husband’s property. Women were not allowed to vote and divorce if they were allowed they would carry a heavy social shame and it was only available when both partners agreed.
The organization was originally created during a time both birth control and abortion were illegal, so its presence was villainized from the get go. The group was continuously shut down, but since its conception illegal and backroom abortion rates dropped. As a result of women having means to prevent and ultimately end unwanted or dangerous pregnancies they abandoned, dangerous alternatives that were common practice in such situations. Planned Parenthood offered women a sense of control over their own bodies, something they had never experienced before and thus saved many of their lives. Often woman without the means or money to have legal abortions would go to dangerous lengths to rid themselves of the fetus, a majority of these procedures they underwent were life threatening.
Throughout the ages women have faced varying degrees of sexism and during the progressive era this was a very prominent issue, women had finally had enough of being treated as second class compared to white males and simply males in general. They weren’t allowed to vote, own property if married, they were extremely restricted in what types of jobs they could get and often encouraged to just stay home, not to mention the large wage gap between white males and white females ensuring that on their own women would be hard pressed to survive. In many of the divorce cases the women were still required to take care of the children even though the male technically had custody. Sexism all though not as prominent today is still a very big issue, ranging
Then after that it went downhill. People started to take advantage of witchcraft, and accuse people they wanted gone, and it worked they could get away with it with no punishments. The main cause of witchcraft is people taking advantage of it for their own purposes. Caption about the picture above. Many of the people accused were married women Like in Doc B, and the majority of the accusers were single women, coincidence?
“Some women accepted their status, but many rebelled against it, More and more women came to realize that, in order to be effective social reformers they would first need to acquire legal rights as women.” (The women’s rights) After the women had realized that they needed the legal rights, they tried everything to get those rights, but the men did not like the idea of their women or any women having rights to do anything. Especially to vote. They hated that they wanted their own legal rights and tried anything to convince them different. The idea of their lady have an opinion or any rights made them sick to their stomachs. Power with a women was not a good idea to them.
From the 1970’s much has changed in how media would typically portray women as housewives who wanted to please their husbands by catering for them and looking after the children and home. Since then various legislations have been enforced which changed how media could portray women, now in modern media women are represented as beautiful stereotypes who every woman would want to be like. Their body image is still important in how they are viewed by the public and the media are very strong to bring this forward for the given audience. Here is where gender and identity come into account. Women’s magazines formulate images of femininity which are diverse in how women look aesthetically and their lifestyle; once this has been accomplished they