Matthew Wong Ms.Yuan History-Duke 12 October 2017 How the Constitution affects tyranny That could happen if the Constitution was not set in place to guard against tyranny. Tyranny occurs when the government has an absolute ruler who rules harshly. The previous constitution, the Articles of Confederation, was not very powerful and lacked many laws needed leading to a decision to forward a new constitution. The Constitution set up different laws to split the power between different powers so that they would never be ruled by a tyrant once more. As such, they split the power between the state and central government, federalism, so that one government does not have more power than the other.
Checks and balances prevents any one branch from having too much power. [Doc C is an excerpt from Federalist Paper #51 written by James Madison in 1788. The Federalist Papers were papers written to convince people to ratify the Constitution.] According to Doc C, ”...the constant aim is to divide and arrange several offices in such a manner as that they may be a check on the other…” In this quote, Madison is saying that *the Constitution made the three branches divided in a way that they can watch and check over each other. This system guards against tyranny because it ensures that the three branches won’t overpower one another.
United States is one of many countries that isn’t under a tyranny, but do you know how it remains like that? On the year of 1787 the people who wrote what now is the Constitution met in philadelphia to write a new Constitution because the Articles of Confederation were not successful. How does the Constitution guard against tyranny? The Constitution protects against tyranny because the principles of Federalism, Separation of Powers, and Check and Balances all divide powers. The first method the Constitution protects against tyranny is Federalism.
Edwards and Wattenberg define Federalism as, “a way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government share formal authority over the same area and people. (Edwards and Wattenburg,70)” When the United States first started to form a central government their objective was to never allow for a dominating power to take over the country again. To do so they created a division of power and made it possible for states and more so the “people” the right to have more of an impact on government. Or so were their intended thoughts when creating the constitution and the branches. In doing so their focus constrained national government but left a loose string as to what the states and their constitutions could do.
During this period, the Anti-Federalists felt as though the aristocrats had no particular opinion about our future government, which alarmed the group. Because they saw aristocrats as overpowering the opinions of those who are not as noble. The writer states that he would rather be a free citizen of the Republic of Massachusetts than succumb to a great American Empire. The Federalist goes on to say that unless there is some security of the people 's liberties, the new Constitution will not be successful. The writer had full faith in the citizens of the United States to decide what was best for the future of the
However, four years later, the United States was still not yet quite united. It was under a confederation-where the states remained sovereign and independent, and the powers of the central government rests on the approval of member-states. A transformation of its political system to federalism -where central government is essential in uniting and leading all member states was believed to be imperative by some head of states. Therefore, the existing Articles of Confederation at that time had to be changed (History.com Staff, 2009). Having just emerged from the American Revolution that started as an opposition against the British government's taxation, there was much caution and fear about the power of a US federal government and what rights each state have.
Tyranny back then was harsh ownership of one individual, because of tyranny the constitution was doubted. So they fixed the constitution and made sure that the constitution could guard against tyranny.The constitution helps guards against tyranny by using a system of checks and balances and by having a separation of power within the constitution. The constitution guards against tyranny by using a system of checks and balances. Checks and balances are a way for the three branches to check up on each other and make sure everything is going smoothly. According to James Madison, Federalist paper #51, 1788, this helps us guard against tyranny by letting the three branches check up on each other and makes sure that the branches are fair to the rules that are applied.
Hamilton and James Madison joined forces to persuade Congress to send a delegation to convince Rhode Island to change its mind. They issued a report that argued that Congress needed financial autonomy and also that Congress needed to be able to put laws in place that would override those of individual states. Virginia 's rescission of its ratification ended the Rhode Island negotiations. Hamilton was frustrated at the failure of the establishment of a national funding system and at the weakness of the central government and so he drafted a call to revise the Articles of Confederation, which contained many features of the future US Constitution. These features included a strong federal government that
Their opposing party was the Democratic-Republican Party led by Thomas Jefferson and former Anti-Federalists. They were for states’ rights and a loose constitution interpretation.They were used to the norms of society; therefore, they were not ready for the Federalists to change the nation. The nation had just gotten out of the Revolutionary War and gained their independence; therefore, they believed that the Federalists would lead them back to the crown. This was the major reason that the Jeffersonians had a strong opposition towards the Federalists. After the
The Constitution of United States of America was ratified in 1787. Prior to the Constitution the Articles of Confederation had been the law of the land since the Revolutionary War. They proved weak and inefficient and a new governing document was needed. The drafters of the Constitution studied past texts of philosophy and government in order to create their ideal government. Although, the creators of the Constitution were influenced by many previous documents the most influential documents were the Articles of Confederation, the English Bill of Rights, and the Magna Carta.
As tensions in Great Britain grew economically and politically, the American colony declared themselves an independent nation. Gaining their independence was significant, however, keeping it would be the challenge. The Americans knew a stable federal republic was essential to remaining independent, thus they created the Constitution. Although, the creation of the Constitution and the equality it ensues a controversial issue, the Constitution did not fulfil the job it was designed to do. The document did not establish a fair government.
The articles of confederation was written right after the revolutionary war was fought, however, the AOC failed, so they had to start all over with a new document called the constitution. 9 out of 13 colonies needed to ratify the new constitution for it to take effect. When it came to organize the government after the AOC, the people were divided on how the government should handle the fears of social, political, and economic fears which motivated the 2 parties, federalist and antifederalist. The federalists supported the new constitution, while the anti federalists were opposed. The political motivation for the federalists to support the ratification was they believed that a stronger government was necessary as the AOC had failed previously