The Crusades were expeditions done by the Roman Catholic Church in alliance with Middle-Age Kingdoms and Empires. There were a total of nine Crusades during the period of 1095 to 1291, led by Saladin, Richard I "the Lionheart" of England, Pope Urban II, Frederick I the Holy Roman Emperor, etc. At first, the Crusades were a way to fight back the Muslims for their conquest of Jerusalem. The idea of the Crusade was a very good marketing strategy by Pope Urban II. It was told that any Crusader would be rewarded a place in heaven, and forgiven their sins.
The Revolutionary War happened form 1775-1783. One of the first major events of the Revolutionary War was the Battles of Lexington and Concord. Hundreds of British troops attacked the colonists’ military stores in Concord on April 18, 1775. The result of this battle was the British lost and were removed from Boston; however they did win the Battle of Lexington. Another major event was when the Declaration of Independence was established.
Where the British lost men to the ratio 2:1 to the colonists. The second battle, the Battle of Bemis Heights, on October 7th, 1777 is named Victory NY now is where the Saratoga Monument is placed and memorializes that day. The colonists winning the Battles of Saratoga caused British general Burgoyne to return to England and never give another command. This is why the Battles of Saratoga are considered the major turning point in the American Revolution. Others might say the Battle of Lexington and Concord, the first battle, where the British attempted to seize Patriot arms is the turning point.
“The movement started the fourth century as a persecuted minority; it ended the century as the established religion of the empire” (Shelley 89). In the spring of 312, Constantine, the son of Constantius Chlorus, advanced to dislodge his rival and to capture Rome (Shelley 94). In the mist of war, he turned for the help of God of the Christians. As a result, he succeeded against
There was no reasonable explanation for my destination after having my head sliced. None of Robespierre’s people deserved this because the Terror saved the republic. I did not witness from France the Convention being replaced by the Thermidorian Convention. In November, the new Convention closed all Jacobin clubs in Paris (Schwartz). The radical stage was
Catholic Reformation The Catholic Reformation which is also known as Counter Reformation or Catholic Revival was the time of Catholic resurrection which began in response to Protestant Reformation, initiated with Council of Trent (1545–1563) and summing up at the close of the Thirty Year’s War (1648) Started to safe the power, impact and material wealth enjoyed by the Catholic Church and to present a theological and material challenge to Reformation. Reformation The Reformation, spoken of as to the Protestant Reformation, was a split in Western Christianity started by Martin Luther and followed by John Calvin and early Protestant Reformers in 16th-century Europe. It is mostly thought to have started with the publication of the Ninety Five Theses by Martin Luther in 1517. Martin Luther Martin Luther was a professor of theology, composer priest and a monk. He used to oppose many teachings and sayings of the Roman Catholic Church.
In the summer of 1802, Dessalines, Christophe, and the mulatto general Alexandre Pétion combined efforts and initiated a new battle to remove the French from the land. In November of 1803, the French surrendered to Dessalines and had to flee Haiti within 10 days Around 52,000 French people died during the Haitian Revolution
There they decided to launch an assault on Damascus, which was occupied by the Muslims at the time. Once again, they suffered a crushing defeat, after which the crusading army dissipated. For these reasons, the Second Crusade is considered a complete failure from a Christian standpoint. However, the crusaders were successful in one aspect of the Second Crusade on their campaign in the Iberian Peninsula, an event which has become one of the single most important events in the evolution of European
The Gallic War ended in September 52 BC at the Battle of Alesia. After the Gallic War was followed by the civil war, Caesar chased his enemies into Greece and defeating them there. Caesar then went to Egypt, where he defeated the pharaoh and named Cleopatra as the Queen of Egypt. Julius Caesar remained the “Roman Dictator” until he was assassinated on March 15, 44
some of us know, the Crusades is not something that we enjoy discussing, but they were a big part of religious history. The Crusades were what the pope called “holy wars or expeditions,” that knights or people of their religion went on to gain control over holy land. Each Crusade had a social, economic, and/or political goal and aimed for one land at a time. The pope even exclaimed that if you went on a Crusade that you were assured a place in heaven. These Crusades, or “holy wars”, were driven by religious faith within varieties of religion like Muslims and Christians.
In 1095 on November 27 in Clermont,France, Pope Urban the II called for a Crusade to help the Byzantines and free the city of Jerusalem. The official start date was set as August 15, 1096. This order little did he know would be the cause of a battle that turned into 9 war’s that last for nearly 200 years. This event in history clearly has a outcome that is way more negative than positive. Have you ever imagined being in the middle of a 200 year war people dropping like flies just because of an argument over one city?
He thought Mobile was next on the list, and after that, New Orleans. The General twice attempted to reach a peaceful agreement with the Spanish, and after both attempts failed, he ordered, “Turn out the troops.” On November 7, 1814, Andrew Jackson led approximately 4,000 troops into Pensacola where they fought the British and Spanish forces. The same day that Jackson attacked, the governor, Mateo Gonzalez Manrique, emerged waiving a white flag. His only condition to surrender was that the city would be spared. Also on that day, Fort San Miguel was capitulated and the British then moved to Fort San Carlos.
It was rechartered in 1770 when the first document had produced no results. Its first graduating class produced one graduate in 1774. On July 6, 1776, the third reading of the Declaration of Independence in the colonies took place in New Brunswick. Also, the Continental army took refuge at New Brunswick after their defeat at Fort Lee. George Washington and his army crossed the Raritan River on the retreat south across New Jersey that led to the Battle of Trenton.
On June 1, the second mine was blown. At this point, Confederate General John Pemberton, knew he had to surrender. On July 3, Grant and Pemberton met to discuss the terms of surrender. Grant wanted unconditional surrender; Pemberton refused. They didn’t find a compromise until July 4, 1863 when Grant offered parole to the garrison .
While gathering the army at Gien, Charles and Joan sent out letters requesting representatives from various cities to attend the coronation. They advanced boldly to Reims and on July 17, 1429, Charles was crowned King and officially became King Charles VII(7th). Joan of Arc was allowed a spot near Charles during the coronation,-holding her banner, she stood proudly. (b) After the ceremony,she wept and said these words: “Noble King, now is accomplished the pleasure of God, who wished me to lift the siege of Orleans, and to bring you to this city of Reims to receive your holy anointing, to show that you are a true king and the one to whom the kingdom of France should belong.” P12 On the 21st, a four-month treaty was signed and created a four-month truce in order to prevent the Royal Army from continuing its offensive and, in return, they would give several towns to the duke of Burgundy.However, in a scheduled peace conference during spring, documents were discovered, exposing English plans to prepare and attack to launch during the