Now came to the fore the Roman fortitude they dug deep in the face of adversity, wealthy citizens payed for a new fleet and another two hundred ships were built. These ships met the Carthagian fleet at the Aegates islands and defeated the Carthagian fleet forcing them to sue for peace. They had to pay a lot of reparations to Rome, but Rome was now a power at sea as well as on the land. (Morey, W,C,
The Romans would not rest until Carthage had fallen. “For, as the Romans are fighting for country and children, it is impossible for them to relax the fury of their struggle; but they persist with obstinate resolution until they have overcome their enemies.” (Polybius’s Histories on the Causes of Roman Superiority) This is a credible source because Polybius was taken hostage to Rome after the Third Punic War and thus was a primary witness of Rome’s moral values. After the Initial 7,000 men who had joined Scipio’s cause, the senate eventually granted him the regular stationed troops in Sicily, mainly composed of the men who escaped at Cannae–cast to Sicily in exile for their poor performance against Hannibal. Finally, in 203 B.C.E, Scipio and his 35,000 men engage in a gruesome naval battle that would force Hannibal to withdraw from his Spanish and Italian territories, defending Carthage itself. In spite of the technologically superior and experienced Carthaginians, the year long battle led Scipio to a final front against Hannibal, at the battle of
Outrage runs through Rome. Julius Caesar (100B.C. – 44B.C.) has been assassinated and the Roman Republic which has ruled for centuries is collapsing around everyone involved in that fateful day. Caesar’s right-hand man throughout the Gallic Wars (58B.C.
The causes of the war can be simply explained through the three phases that led to the war in the first place. The Peloponnesian War’s started off was when the first phase occurred which was remarkable and was called the Archidamian War where Sparta launched a series of repeated attacks on Attica while Athens was busy using its naval superiority to raid the entire coast of Peloponnese. This phase was completed in 421 BC through the signing of the famous Peace of Nicias treaty. The war then started off again and this time it was caused to escalate when war broke out again in Peloponnese resulting in Athens sending a colossal expeditionary force to invade Syracuse in Sicily leading to the attack failing in 413 BC. This resulted to what was later called the Decelean War or the Ionian War where Sparta aided by Persians were involved in supporting rebellions in various Athenian controlled cities such as Ionia and Aegean.
Both shown their greatest success, Rome showed its greatest success in the darkest hours of the disaster, while Carthage’s greatness was its success (Morey, 1901). The outbreak of the War in Sicily was the first conflict between Rome and Carthage, this war is known as the First Punic War. The Romans gain control of the cities of Messana and Agrigentum after fighting with the Carthaginians and the people from Syracuse. The Romans after keep experiencing a struggle against the Carthaginians’ navy in battle, they realized that the only way to overpower Carthage was to meet their power in the seas as, on the land, the downside of their navy is that they had a few naval ships. To compare their naval ships against the Carthaginians, they had five banks of oars called the quinquiremes, and the Roman had three banks of oars called the triremes.
In Homer’s epic poem the Iliad, he tells a story about the best and worst of humanity in the theatre of the Trojan War. While a great deal of the Iliad is fictional, it still provides us with a historical model that details the causes war, the contrasting elements of humanity that emerge during war, and the effect of war on culture. In the Iliad, the Trojan War is started by Paris, a prince of Troy, who abducts the beautiful Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta. Menelaus consequently bands together with his brother Agamemnon to sail an army consisting of the Mycenaean city states to Troy. The ensuing Trojan war would last over ten years, and lead to the death of great warriors on both sides of the conflict, including Patroclus, Hector, and even Achilles.
The keynote of the theme of Imperialism is struck at the very outset of Marlow’s narration, when Marlow talks of the ancient Roman conquest of Britain and says that the ancient Romans were conquerors who used force. They grabbed what they get and their conquest and their conquest of Britain was “robbery with violence”, which involved murder on a large scale. The conquest of another Country, says Marlow, mostly means taking away all things from those who have a different complexion or who have flatter noses than the conquerors have. Such a conquest is unpardonable. What Marlow wishes to say is that conquest can be Arora 5 excused only if the conquerors perform some constructive work in the backward country which they have conquered.
In my discussion forum post for this unit I will discuss the overall effect slavery had on the Roman economy. Discussion In ancient times, when a civilization defeated a rival army in battle, instead of killing those on the losing side, it was common practice to punish the loser by enslaving them (Kamm, 2009a). Moreover, the Romans were no exception to this rule, employing captured slaves throughout their empire (Kamm, 2009a). However, aside from ancient Greece, no other civilization has employed slave labor to such an extent as to make it the primary driving force behind the entire economy (Scheidel, 2008, p.105). Roman slaves and
Cassius influenced Brutus to conspire against Caesar by stating, Caesar “is now become a god… and his name has been sounded more than [Brutus’s]” (Act 1, Scene 2, Line 118-145-6). Cassius’s arguments convinced Brutus in proving Caesar's murder would be just, but Caesar’s death is unjust because he is being murdered out of Brutus and Cassius’s jealousy. Both of the individuals are envious of the power that Caesar is being given by the people of Rome and want to end his life before they will lose their own power in the senate after Caesar becomes king. Brutus’ naive mind was easily convinced by Cassius that Caesar was not the best choice to assume the Roman throne because he would not listen to their political thoughts. Individuals, such as Cassius and Brutus, in the senate were afraid of having their power decreased because Caesar, as Brutus states, is an “unhatched serpent’s egg” (Act 2, Scene 1, Line 33).
The weakened Persian Empire fell victim to an army of Muslims bent on global conquest. The Muslims quickly absorbed Persia into it’s rapidly expanding empire. Also, the Byzantine strongholds of Jerusalem, and Byzantine territory in Egypt and other parts of North Africa fell to the Muslims. The Muslim forces marched to the walls of Constantinople, but they were repelled by a Byzantine weapon known as “Greek fire,” an incendiary weapon that was developed in 672. They used it in naval battles.
The second war started when General Hannibal invaded Italy, with many victories until he was defeated by Scipio Africuns, this left Rome in control of Spain and the western Mediterranean. The third war started when Scipio and the romans captured Carthage in 146 B.C., making Africa a part of the Roman empire. Part 2 (20%): Answer 2 of the following short essay questions. 1. How does the Struggle of Orders contribute to the fall of the Roman Republic?
The Civil War erupts in 133 BC after the Punic Wars between the plebeians and the patricians was a period in history when rival generals collided. Marius and Sulla fought for command even after the Senate entrusted Sulla to command. Marius used violence to rescind the command given to Sulla. The back and forth power struggle between the two soon ended with Marius’s death and Sulla regained his dictating command of Rome. Sulla instituted terror that surpassed the violence dealt by Marius.
Menelaus, King of Sparta, declares war on Troy owing to the fact that Paris fled to Troy with his wife, Helen, along with Agamemnon, his brother the King go Mycenae, who wants to bring down the Trojans under his command. This terrible war lasts for ten years , ultimately leading to the fall of Troy. Although the film and the story are similar, the film is inaccurate with Homer 's version in the Iliad in the cause
Sharing a faith gave conquerors and the conquered common ground. Clovis became the leader and had almost all of Gaul under his control by the time of his death in 511. He was first in line of the Kings known as the Merovingians. After he died, bloody battles always happened to find successors. Rivals would always end up tearing the kingdom to pieces so by the 8th century, the mayors of the palace were behind the throne In 723, Mayor Charles Martel led an army and defeated Muslim troops invading from Spain, which halted Islam’s expansion into the West Charles named the dynasty ‘Carolingians’ The first king of the Carolingians was his son Pepin the Short.
“Why did the Roman Republic fall?” The Roman Republic did not fall simply from one cause, rather many external pressures that brought on political instability and destruction. There were multiple pressures that lead to the downfall of Rome including ambitious generals, changing politics, client armies, and a desolate Senate desperate to remain prominent. Many significant people of the time, who wrote letters and speeches on ancient Rome, help to build detailed recollections of the political warfare that took place between 78-31BC. Many different internal and external pressures lead to the destruction of the Roman Republic. Cornelius Sulla, a Roman general, dictator and optimate, anticipated and was aware of the results of many powerful and