This negligent act caused much controversy and tensions raged between pro-slavery sympathizers and abolitionists that resulted in bloodshed. The bill was passed in May of 1854. Territory north of the sacred 36°30' line was now open to popular sovereignty. “Popular sovereignty played a critical role in almost every debate over slavery in the territories. Politicians contested whether the power to prohibit slavery rested with Congress or the people residing in the territories” (Childers).
After the election of President Abraham Lincoln in 1860, eleven Southern states seceded from the Union. People in the South made a living through a plantation economy, Southerners needed cash crops that were labor intensive, using slaves to work this economy. The Northern economy was very different than the Southern economy the Northern economy was an industrialized economy, unlike the Southern economy. Abolitionists wanted slavery to end and thought it was an immoral and incorrect way to treat other human beings. Many Southerners supported the secession of South Carolina, and many other states, from the Union because they would rather leave the Union now than be killed by the people who hated them and the people they owned.
He hated slavery, he hated what became of the debacle with Britain over Oregon, and he hated how aggressive Polk became towards Mexico. He then came to the conclusion that people were accepting Polk’s unjust action and could do nothing about it. In turn, he wrote the essay now known as “Civil Disobedience” which core basis is what a citizen should do if he or she believes that a law or action is defined as unjust. He goes on to speak how the reader could protest through non-violent actions. Thoreau’s “Civil Disobedience” spread across space and time which inspired the works, Dr. Martin Luther King.
The end of slavery saw the rise of the Black Codes in the South. The Black Codes sought to limit the freedom and employ African Americans for low wage labor. It was slavery with a different name. Johnson failed to put an end to the Black Codes and anything that aided the African simply because he had the same views as those who passed the codes. After all, Johnson was once a slaveholder himself.
Another example is the Southern states’ secession from the United States. In this, eleven states seceded because of many reasons, including the fact that the North was against slavery, which was the main way the South made their profit, and that their newly elected president was completely against slavery and didn’t want it to spread to any other new territories the country would acquire. With the secession of the Southern states President Lincoln had to make sure the Union won the war so that the Confederacy would rejoin the country. To do this he instituted a draft and made sure European countries would have no reason to help the Confederacy. These actions ultimately proved to be very helpful, then and now.
Eventually, America fought the Civil War in order to abolish slavery once and for all throughout the states. Many people believe that with slavery finally being abolished in America the people of color could finally live happily. Unfortunately, those people were wrong and people of color continued to be treated as if they were less than human. Even to this day, about two hundred and fifty years since America had gained independence, many people of color in American society still feel that they are treated unequally. In today’s society, the discussion of racial privilege has been a big discussion within society and politics in America.
My intention with this essay is to give a wider understanding on why the speech happened and just what impact it has had on the country. So what was the events leading up to the Speech held that morning in November 1963? In the year 1860, the republican presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln was sworn into office as the president of the United States. The northerner had been a loud voice against the slavery that took place (mostly) in the south and with him winning the election, there was a lot of opposition from slavery-advocates. Lincoln was against slavery and with the possibility of his end-goal being the abolishment of slavery seven states where already done leaving the union before Lincoln had taken his place in the Oval Office.
The Civil War started April 12, 1861 and lasted till May 13, 1865 and after the war the thirteenth amendment was made. The ⅗ clause was repealed when the thirteenth amendment was enacted after the war because it outlawed slavery. Yet after the Civil War the southern states got more representation,”Ironically, the South, after initiating and carrying on a civil war for four years, would substantially increase its strength in the House of Representatives” (Levy, 2692). When the Civil War ended in 1865, it allowed the country to come together to outlaw slavery with the thirteenth amendment making the ⅗ clause obsolete and rendering it useless because the thirteenth amendment outlawed slavery. It took a long time before slavery was abolished completely because even though many people did believe that slavery was bad some other people who believed very deeply in slavery and still believed that enslaved people were only property and should not be allowed to be represented as a free person or be free at
The Unions territory was the Northern states but there were some Southerners that fought with the Union. The Union was comprised of 20 free states that fought with them in pursuit of their beliefs. The Confederacy was led by President Jefferson Davis and Vice-President Alexander H. Stephens (“The First Battle of Manassas” 3 of 4). Even though the war was basically over slavery the Southern states had slaves to fight with them because they felt like the North was attacking their homeland too. The Confederacy was never recognized as a country even though they had 11 states on their side with the same beliefs and goals.
If it was not for the American civil war of 1861 to 1865 as a result of the north and South’s long-standing controversy over slavery we might actually still be stuck in the past. Can you imagine yourself going through today’s streets and seeing advertisements telling you that you can have your very own slave for yourself for a fair price? If it was not for the American civil war, the basis of slavery on African Americans as slaves would have only manifested itself and become a normal way of life, to even more to an extent of what it already was. Many argue how the war was unnecessary and that slavery would have died out on its own. Quite frankly this view is overrated and invalid as the demand for slaves in the southern states were astonishing as New communities of African American culture were formed in Deep in the South, the total slave population in the south eventually reached 4 million before liberation as a result of the war.