The Roman Republic was one of the most respected and powerful civilization of the ancient world. When it came to the purposes of government the Romans did very well. When it came to providing public services, the Romans provided their citizens with many resources that helped them live their daily lives, and they did this while spending little to no money. One example of these resources is the aqueduct. Aqueducts were built to supply fresh water.
I think that the Roman Republic excelled when it came to common good. They did really well in providing public services, protecting rights, the rule of law, preparing a common defense, and supporting the economic system. I gave the Roman Republic almost all A’s for meeting the common good, so in the next five paragraphs, I will tell you why. The Roman Republic got an A from me for meeting the common good in providing public services because they invented a waterway called the Aqueducts that provided running water, indoor plumbing, and a sewer system that removed diseases from the community. The Aqueducts also had a colossal system of pipes that lead to things that need water, such as public water fountains and baths.
Ancient Roman society had a focus on the militaristic nature of the civilization. The government thrived on conquering new territory to build its empire. In order to keep the empire under control, Roman leaders placed a high importance in the architecture of its cities. They used their buildings to advance their knowledge of the world and show their strength. One building used for this is the Colosseum.In the present day the Colosseum represents the major points of Roman society: militaristic nature and elegant architecture.
Ancient Rome was a huge empire that ruled over the Mediterranean. Rome gave many gifts to other civilizations, for instance, the way the Colosseum was built was introduced to other civilizations. The Roman republic was somewhat meeting the common good. Common good meaning everyone was being affected in a good way. If I had to give Rome a grade it would be an A minus.
“At his best, man is the noblest of all animals; separated from law and justice he is the worst.” (Aristotle). Ancient Athens had many ways making them superior in not war, but economy and culture. Athens was a Greek city-state at the time 3000 BCE. They settled in an area called Acropolis. Some ways that Athens became so superior was because of their cultural achievements made by the people, the government of the city-state, and the geography of this admirable yet still growing city-state.
Athens had better cultural achievements. “The myths continued to be popular through the centuries, and major public buildings such as the Parthenon at Athens, the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, and the Temple to Apollo at Delphi were decorated with larger-than-life sculpture representing celebrated scenes from mythology.” (Greek mythology) The architecture of Athens often revolved around pleasing the gods, and because of the fact Parthenon is still standing today, it is still a major architectural influence for modern government buildings. “All citizens in Athens could participate directly in the government. We call this form of government a direct democracy.” (Government in Athens) Due to the fact that their government allowed their people to have a voice, and this affected their culture by making them more involved. Their system of government is also a great achievement because of the fact that Athenian government system is still in use today.
Since many wars had occurred, these new technologies had contributed the longest-lasting Dynasty. Secondly, the Shang political system was prearranged into a hierarchy system, meaning that it had many levels of jobs and social class. The invention of writing had a profound effect on the Shang government and its capability to rule. It amplified the government’s ability to organize on a substantial level, whether it be organizing the mining of large quantities of bronze, construct city walls, or to wage large military campaigns. Lastly, Historians have demonstrated that this Dynasty has already developed the principles of modern writing techniques.
Since the Roman Republic was so big they needed a fresh supply of water. The Romans built stuff like roads, public baths, fire department, aqueducts, and postal service. One of the most famous buildings in Rome is the Colosseum. This building is now a major tourist attraction in Rome. The first road the Romans built was in 312 BCE.
Public and social buildings flourished in the era of the ancient Greeks and the Roman empire. While both civilizations aimed to build social places for people gathering, stoa and basilica were the most common in both the civilizations. The concept of public or social structure in the view of the ancients was varied. These structures could be used as a place for the market, as a place of buying and selling, as a place of government with administrative buildings, and as a spot for the public to cover themselves from disturbances of the weather. Stoas of ancient Greeks were located in the agora which considered to be the most important public space in Athens and the whole Greek empire.
The Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal empires were very powerful and well respected in their time. Their rise was attributed to their strong military presence, trade and economic gain, religious tolerance and ideology that rulers should be chosen by ability not class or wealth. Their falls were due to indecent economic dealings, religious suppression, surrounding empires, mistreatment of citizens and an unfortunate series of terrible rulers. The rise of the Ottoman Empire was caused by a few factors including location, a strong military, a strong leader and religious tolerance. The Ottoman Empire came to be in the Northwest corner of the peninsula allowing them to expand westward.