Starting with Sigmund Freud as he is especially known for studying and inventing the extent that can explain the process of the human mind psychologically and determining what causes the effect it has on the individual that is then displayed to the outside world, both aware and unaware. Freud also focuses on the healing techniques for the patient, discusses dream work, and the core of repression. In creating psychoanalysis, it can help explain and deduce the deeper mental attachments of what is happening inside of Charlie’s mind and his actions showing those attachments. Charlie has suffered from trauma from the death of his Aunt Helen, repressing sexual abuse from her, and the death of his best friend, Michael. Charlie is diagnosed with a mental illness called PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder).
1.1.1. Freudian Seligman and Reichenberg (2014) states that: in Freudian therapy a great emphasis is placed on biological influences and early childhood experiences. Freud believed that people go through stages of psychosocial development and must struggle to find balance between their strong sexual drives and their need to behave in socially acceptable ways. 1.1.2. Ego psychology Ego psychology focuses more on the mind’s development in interaction with the social and physical world.
Afterwards, Shapiro and Startup developed a brief manual and rating scale for depression in 1991 (Guthrie, 1999). The model was constructed on psychodynamic principles, but also impressed by humanistic and interpersonal concepts. At the beginning, it was called ‘conversational model of therapy’. The essential role of the therapist in this model is to develop the ‘mutual feeling
Finally, a big part of Freud 's claim is that the unconscious mind governs our behavior. He would say that dreams can provide insight to our personality and believes “every dream represents a wish fulfillment. Dreams are representative of the imaginary fulfillment of a wish or impulse in early childhood, before such wishes have been repressed” (Doyle). So for instance, if I had a dream about becoming a famous artist Freud would say that this could give insight into my personality. He might argue, that my hidden passions and desires such as becoming an artist become more prominent in the unconscious state of awareness.
With regard to the id he proposed that at birth, the nervous system the id is at its purest form (Boeree 2006: 6) . The id operates based on a pleasure principle, which means that it demands to its needs to be taken care on immediately. For example a hungry baby will carry on crying even if it doesn 't "know" what it wants in the way adults do; the baby just knows that it wants it and it wants it now (Boeree 2006: 6) . When what the id wants is not satisfied, the desire will only become more persistent until one reaches a point where they can only think of the said desire. In order to balance the id, there is the part of the mind that is connected to the world through perception which is called the ego (Boeree 2006: 5).
Freud believed that content in the unconscious mind could be disturbing or harmful, so our brain protects us from these disturbing urges, impulses and thoughts by repressing them till they are released through dreams. Other dream theories suggest that dreams are simply there to interpret daily events, perceptions and possibly to retain memories. Possibly even to make different connections
Sigmund Freud is Psychology’s most famous psychoanalysis. His work and theories have helped shape our views of personality, levels of consciousness and unconsciousness mind, the structure of personality and the development of personality. There are three aspects to Freud’s theory of personality structure and fives stages through the psychosexual development. The psyche The first aspect is the psyche which is structured into three, the id, ego and superego, all develops at different stages in our lives. The id is an important unconscious structure that contains basic instinctual drives when we are born.
Interruptions to self-development may correlate with social skill difficulties, which are experienced in psychosis (Tarbox et al.,2008). Specifically, Lysaker et al. (2014) argued that disorganized personal narratives in psychotic patients are developed from personal experiences, which are crucial in constructing identity. The model of ‘self’ by Trower &Chadwick (1995) pointed out that a fully constructed self-identity has to be recognized and approved by other people via social interactions and relationships. In terms of identity development, problematic identity construction found in adolescence psychosis and study by Cuervo et al.