Brown et.al. (1989) defines ‘learning is a process of enculturation’ (p. 33) where end results are secondary. Another salient element that aligns with the theory is the significance of interactions. As mentioned above, situated cognition employs some form of social interaction like collaborative learning. It also encourages the cognitive apprentice approach where reflective practices of learner (learner-self interaction) and the interaction between the learner and the facilitator are crucial, similar to my personal lens.
Analysis Through the Data collection from interviews and observations, will allow researcher to investigate their approach towards the project and the design process to establish theories. The analysis is divided into different segments. The first step allows one to understand the data in four layers by the four D’s of the design process to know the intention of stakeholders, the process. The second step is to map all the actions and activities that form the process. Once the process has been mapped, through these, we observe factors that govern the process.
Methodology serves to explain the explicit and implicit assumptions adopted by the researcher during the entire research process. Methodology serves as the foundation upon which the entire research is built. The chosen research methodology then identifies, to a large extent, the research methods for data collection and data analysis (Creswell, 2003; Denzin and Lincoln, 2000). 3.4 Action Research Action research has been selected as an Inductive, qualitative methodology that is capable of exploring both facts and the meanings attributed to a social situation by the actors. Action research has been understood by board researchers in a diversity of habits but there are four topics in the literature.
(2012) discuss the importance of addressing the social skills and academic content in the classroom through the social learning theory, observational learning theory and the guided learning theory. They suggest that the Social Learning Theory, conceptualized by Albert Bandura argues that learning both behavioural and cognitive occurs through imitation, demonstration, and observation. The major characteristics of social learning theory include centrality of observational learning, self-efficacy and agency, and cognitive contributions. Modeling and learning takes place through live modeling, verbal instruction, and symbolic modeling. The process involves four major steps: attention, retention, reproduction, and motivation.
Through these considerations it was possible to identify four styles of project management leadership based on parameters four to six (Table 1) (Turner & Muller, 2005:51). Table 1: Four styles of project manager (Keegan & Den Hartog, 2004:612) The contingency School These theories adapt that what makes an effective leader depends on the situation. The pattern it follows consists of: first assessing characteristics of the leader, second assessing the situation concerning key variables and lastly seeking a match between leader and situation. Path-goal theory has deemed popular in contingency school and was created by Fiedler, according to Vlok (2012). This entails the leader assisting the team to discover the course to their goals while helping them in the process.
One of the main theories proving this is that of the social theory which was completed by Albert Bandura. Bandura’s theory is based on observation and role modelling. It is broken up into four stages. The first stage is attention. This requires the learner to aware of all aspects of the models behaviours that the learner is expected to observe.
• Helps to maintain ethical policies and socially responsible behaviour. • Manages change to the mutual advantage of individuals, groups, the enterprise, and the public. HRM consists of four basic functions: Staffing, training and development, motivation, and maintenance. In less academic terms, we might say that HRM is made up of four activities: Hiring people, preparing them, stimulating them, and keeping them. Even the smallest entrepreneurial organization with one or two workers must recognize responsibility for all four HR functions.
CIPP model helps the evaluators of organizations systematically collect, obtain, and analyze information in all four types of evaluation in order that the managers can make wise and appropriate decisions. The decisions are absolutely connected with specific types of evaluation. Context evaluation comprises describing and assessing the context of curriculum applied as well as the target population and its needs. Thus, this evaluation helps in making curriculum designing evaluation. Input evaluation is an assessment of what strategies and resources for the curriculum should be concerned and employed in order to achieve proposed objectives in the first step.
These connections are best understood when the four applications of knowledge management are considered. 1.8 APPLICATIONS OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT The four applications of knowledge management are based on the fact that knowledge management's primary role is to share knowledge throughout the organization such that each individual of the organization understands it in depth. The four applications of knowledge management are: • Intermediation: is connection between knowledge and people. It provides a bridge between the knowledge seeker and potent source of knowledge provider. There are 2 types of intermediation: synchronous and asynchronous.