The Four Functions Of Rulership

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Rulership According to Friedrick, (1963), a ruler is a person who governs and exerts authority over others. Rulership is the process of carrying out the activities under direction of a ruler. A ruler is the final/supreme authority in the state/country under his rulership. The ruled do not have much say about their governance as all laws are made by the ruler. A ruler uses the power vested in him by his position to dictate to the ruled what is to be done. In many instances, the ruled are owned by the ruler and the relationship is one directional, top-bottom with no room for negotiation as subjects should be “seen and not heard” and are there at the beck and call of the ruler (Chambers & Craft, 1998). Rulers are concerned with results…show more content…
Management has four main functions which are, planning, directing, organizing and controlling. These functions are uniform across all industries from colleges, to supermarkets, to hospitals etcetera. Management deals with the administrative and operational aspects of the organization, ensuring that the vision of the organization is executed, it is mainly meant to ensure that the organization is a going concern and meets is obligations and objectives (Dubrin, 2007). Planning and organizing are functions that are not clearly visible to the employees as directing and controlling. This is because the bulk cadre of staff is not privy to planning and organizing as their roles are more administrative and operational. Leadership is one of the functions of management – directing, therefore, management is the umbrella under which leadership falls. Leadership is the capacity to inculcate self-confidence in other people, persuading them to “see” and understand the vision of the organization and strive to align their activities with the vision of the organization (Weathersby,…show more content…
The manager’s role is to maintain the status quo in the organization. They are concerned with maintaining schedules, meeting daily quotas, meeting cost reduction quotas, scheduling among other activities. The manager is concerned with ensuring his subordinates arrive on time and do not waste time idling or leave too early cutting into production time. They are oriented on the task at hand to be and will endeavor to accomplish the task with minimal deviation. Leaders on the other hand seek to change the status quo in an organization/unit/department. They are always seeking new ways to do things. Leaders are people-oriented, seeking ways to accommodate other people as a way of winning them over. Leaders have followers who believe in their vision and way of doing things. Communication is very important in good leadership as followers need to hear their leader’s commitment to the course every step of the way (Weathersby,
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