They are turning around their approach into a focus on creating positive school climate and responsive classroom as part of holistic quality education based on child rights where there is effective teaching and classroom management, thus enhancing students’ learning experiences. The motivational psychology researchers discovered several useful approaches and practices that can be implemented in the classroom for effective learning to take place (Miller, 2012). Teachers are using differentiation to support teaching and learning. Differentiation can vary in pace, activities, resources, teaching and learning styles in an attempt to best meet the needs of individual student. Various teaching strategies such as cooperative learning, active learning, role play and games and pedagogic tools are being integrated in educational theories in meaningful and useful ways to encourage task or learning achievements.
Feedback can provide students with information about strengths and weaknesses of responses, the outcomes achieved and students’ performance in relation to standards and to other students. For students, effective feedback on responses to assessment tasks should include: what was expected from the task? Like meaningful information about the quality of work, clear statements about how to improve, correction of misunderstandings, reinforcement of what has been done well. For teachers, effective feedback enables them to evaluate: teaching and learning programs, teaching strategies, assessment strategies, assessment task design, marking guidelines. (John Gore- CEO,
It also raises learners’ awareness about their current abilities and achievements. The authors further add that FA can be a diagnostic tool for students, which helps them to recognize their weaknesses, solve their problems, and make realistic decisions. Additionally, assessment lets students know how they are making progress and gives teachers feedback on their teaching. According to Young and Kim (2010), “using assessment and other data to improve instruction is a powerful proposition” (p. 28). McMillan (2007) also believes FA provides students with ongoing corrective feedback, improves learning, and encourages student involvement.
(Carless 2005). For summative assessment, in order for teachers to achieve a greater picture of students’ achievement, both content knowledge and various skills are important to be measured in multiple ways. On the other hand, a hierarchical assessment structure with clear result statements may ensure the reliability and validity of the assessment. For instance, in the research
Peer assessment aids students to develop their judgment skills, critiquing abilities, and self-awareness. They learn to be more responsible while striving to figure out their points of strength and weakness. Peer assessment lifts the role and status of the students from passive learners to active leaners. What are the advantages of peer assessment? There are many advantages for peer assessment.
The most important part of the assessment is the interpretation and the use of the information that is gleaned for its intended purpose assessment is embedded in the learning process, it is tightly interconnected with curriculum and instruction. As teachers and students work towards the achievement of curriculum outcomes, assessments plays a consent role in informing instruction, guiding the student’s next steps, and checking progress and achievement. Teachers use many different process and strategies for classroom assessment, and adapt them to suit the assessment purpose and needs of individual students. Research shows that students learn best when assessment are based on clear learning goals. It differs according to students learning
Instead, rubrics are provided to be more objective when deriving a final summative grade. Through my teaching experiences, I find rubrics are very useful in marking essays as it is clearly differentiated. On the flip side, rubrics helps to give a precise feedback to students. Therefore, this rubric can help students to improve on the area that has been highlighted for their next assessment. Therefore, rubric can be used for summative assessment or formative assessment.
In conclusion, motivation and affect should be improved within students in the classroom. In order to be successful, students must be motivated and excited to learn. Since improving motivation and affect is important, there are a set of goals and objectives to improve it. To achieve the outcome of improving motivation and affect, teachers should include activities that are interactive, fun, and include movement. In addition, to assess and evaluate the activities chosen, teachers should see if students look like they want to know more and if they are actively
Besides, the student in a learner-centred classroom needs to develop in his or her communication skills and work in collaboration with other learners in completing learning tasks and assignments that demonstrate authentic learning. He or she has to understand the expectations or learning outcomes and encourage self-assessment to measure and evaluate own learning, peers, and the teacher in order to develop new strategies for future
The importance of accommodating students’ perception. Struyven, Dochy and Janssens (2002) state that accommodating student’s perception is really useful in order to know student’s ideas, beliefs, images, opinions, feelings about something which is related to teaching and learning context. It shows that student’s perception is important because it contains about student’s beliefs and opinions which means that it can help to create a better quality in teaching and learning context. Besides, Kanwisher (2000) also adds that perception is someone’s feeling towards particular object. It means that knowing students’ perception is really meaningful in order to know what things that they love or what things need to be improved.