World War one, known as being the Great War/Battle, not only shaped civilization but it also resulted in millions of deaths. Nationalism, defined as a excessive patriotism, was the factor to ignite its start. This extreme patriotism, bordering on hysteria, appealed to the egos of citizens prompting them to consider themselves superior and more powerful, than the other nations. The French ambassador to Russia Maurice Paleologue described nationalism as “world madness” (“W.Bruce Lincoln in Passage through Armageddon: The Russians in War and Revolution 1914-1918”). Nationalism was the core cause of World War One (WW1) because it brought in Imperialism, militarism and alliances/paranoia, which resulted in tension, violence and aggression.
This movement believed in all the Slavic people to have their own nation. Furthermore, Belgium nationalism is another example in which nationalism was a negative force in unifying a country. This identity made the Belgians fight for independence and they separated from Holland. After the unsuccessful German revolution in 1848, the Prussian Chancellor, Bismarck realized the need to have a good military. He implemented many policies including his famous Blood and Iron speech and his Realpolitik policy.
While France, Russia, and Britain became early on allies. and America eventually joined to help its allies, due to unrestricted submarine warfare (Adelblue “An End to the Great War”). Militarism, alliances, and nationalism fueled one of the worlds biggest wars, World War I. Militarism was one of the main causes of World War I, and was started by Social Darwinism. Each of the countries involved used their militaries to eliminate weaker groups and nations. This caused tension, leading to armies and navies expanding in each nation (Adelblue “Setting the Stage for War”).
So why is Germany on the fascist road,here are many causes? First of all ,let’s talk about the history of Germany.Germany since ancient times is a warlike country,people living in this land has aggression, keen on war. Germany was formerly the kingdom of Prussia, which was founded by the family of Prussia. After the founding of the country, the rulers did not give up the ambition of aggression and expansion, they are still full of desire for war. They beat Austria, France and Russia, then carved up Poland, and later through the way of Prussian dynasty war to completed the unification of the German Empire.
A total war consists of a large part of a nation being part of a war and civilians being integrated in the war. This was the case in the First World War, the war which was expected to be a swift one turned out to be a long-lasting war. The economy had to follow the speed of the war and weapons had to be produced rapidly. The working nation was then integrated in the war. “[The] focus of industry is shifted from consumer goods to war goods“ .
War is all about spectacles. Spectacles are the main tool used in war. It is used to both instil fear as well as to stir the hearts of other to provoke action. To start off, war spectacles are often used to inspire men and women into action. In one article it is stated how wars are won: “The combined destructive capacity of the Soviet and the American militaries ensured that the standoff between “free” and “totalitarianism” societies would be won non-military, by the combatant most adept at winning the battle for the “minds and hearts of men’” (Loss 199).
In 1914, Britain put a distant blockade on Germany, which allowed them to control exits from the North Sea and damaged both Germany’s economy and War effort (Roskill 4: 533). Germany attempted to break Britain’s blockade, which resulted in the Battle of Jutland, in 1916. The role that other nations’ navies played was also extremely influential on the outcome of World War I. The role of naval Warfare during World War I, especially the Allied blockade of Germany, proved to be crucial in defeating the Central Powers, which consisted of Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire. The naval race between Great Britain and Germany from 1898 to 1914 caused great friction among the two nations and was one of the causes for World War I.
1. World War I was caused by aggressive nationalism, military power and imperialism. The large military alliances and navy and arms race also contributed to World War I. But the key event that caused the First World War was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on June 28, 1914. And then a very destructive war broke out in 1914.
In 1914, the First World War commenced. The outbreak of war was a result of a number of factors, however, many historians argue that German policies were the main feature for the start of the war. Therefore, this essay will address the question: to what extent did German policies lead to WWI? Firstly, it is extremely unjust to state Germany as the only country to blame for the war and make it pay the harsh punishments the Treaty of Versailles forced them to. However, it is reasonable to say that Germany is obviously one of the nations who had the most impact on the War, if not the most.
Nicole Beliakov Geography 150 Rise in nationalism in Europe is not a new phenomenon. The history of Europe is marred by two world wars, when nationalism flourished and led to the enormous loss of human lives. During these wars, manifestations of nationalism were especially overt and even obligatory because European governments needed a justification of wars in order to mobilize people, to maintain morale and readiness of citizens to provide labor, resources, and to sacrifice their lives for the cause, and nationalism was a powerful doctrine that provided such justification. After the second world war, to avoid repetition of these tragic events, European nations began their steady advance towards economic and political integration, which culminated in the establishment of the European Union. Presently, the very foundation of the EU is under the threat due to nationalism, which has risen in prominence and popularity in the context of rising inequality, immigration of people of not only different ethnicities but also different religions, economic crises, terrorism, and shortcomings of EU system of governance.