Duty of care plays a major role for health professionals, Duty of care follows codes and principles put into action for facilities such as hospitals via external sources such as the Government, in order achieve one core goal which is to ensure that the patient is subject to the best possible care that can be given by the facility and the Health Professionals working at the health facility.
Ethical duties of genetic testing is a challenge among healthcare workers. Ethical dilemmas are created due to situations resulting from genetic testing. Ethical dilemmas is created when genetic testing reveals vital information to a patient and the patient refuses to disclose information to family members that can be affected. Healthcare workers are to protect the privacy of patient’s health records according to the Health Insurance Probability and Accountability Act (HIPPA) (Butts & Rich, 2016). On the other hand, according to the American Nurses Association (ANA) the primary obligation is to achieve the greatest good for the greatest number of people or the population as a whole (Butts & Rich, 2016). Healthcare workers are faced with an ethical choice. The ethical choice for genetic testing is to reveal information to family members if the greatest outcome is beneficial to the family member.
Ethics of healthcare depends on 4 moral standards and how they are utilised; autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence, and justice. Autonomy, which means self-governance, is the rule for regarding the privileges of a person to settle on a choice for them self, and respecting that decision. In healthcare this implies regarding a patient's choice on treatments, regardless of the possibility that it could bring about damage or demise to themselves. Autonomy is about self-rule, control free, without impact or influence from any other person, and is tied in with making an educated and un-forced choice about their care and medicines, based from their qualities and inclinations.
I believe that our patients have many basic rights that must always be provided, and must always be upheld. Our ethical duty as healthcare professionals ensure that we must give our patients these basic rights so we can provide the highest level of care possible. These basic rights include, privacy, respect, and also patients should be given the opportunity to give informed consent, among many other things.
. As a nurse leader, my role and responsibility towards establishing a financially sustainable organization would include to fully study and understand the cultural processes and systems, then identify areas which need change or improvement. Focused on organizational vision, and understanding the real purpose of the organization is essential and establishes why improving such process is meaningful (Sinek, 2010). In addition, understanding the purpose of the organization existence, and systems assessments will identify areas not reflecting organizations vision. To increase patient outcomes, such areas will need improvement. Collective leadership and participation from other departments would identify objectives, strategies, steps to action.
Ethical principles involved in the distribution of primary care include: autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. Autonomy is essential when attempting to distribute this resource, because it applies when someone is attempting to decide what kind of primary care they would like to receive or seek ("Four fundamental principles of ethics", 2016). In rural areas several circumstances may interfere with a resident’s autonomy. The decision to seek treatment in a distance location is a factor, and the decision to take, continue, or abide by suggested treatment as well.
The four principles of biomedical ethics serve as the foundation of decision-making for healthcare professionals. There has been significant debate over which principle is most important to consider for achieving the best health outcome for patients. In this paper, I will argue why no single principle is more important than the other. My primary argument is to demonstrate multiple instances where a different principle is most important, which would imply that no single principle is most importance across all possible cases. Furthermore, I will interpret outcomes as they relate to the improvement in a patient’s health or condition.
As previously mentioned, health care professionals need to continue to improve the way the face ethical dilemmas. When a surgical doctor faces a moral situation where he faces when a patient refuses a blood emergency transfusion, he is guided by the broader ethic principles and laws dealing with beneficence (providing benefits and balancing them against risks to a patient of specific treatment), but at the same time he is guided by broader principal of non-maleficence (where a physician’s obligation of first, do no harm’ to a patient). When both of these principles conflict, then the patients right of autonomy be violated. This paper provides possible recommendations that prepare a medical professional to find the best solution that saves
Within Australia, the ER department has a duty to act when a patient is presented (Atkins, De Lacey, & Britton, 2014, p.41). Accident and emergency departments critically rely on the triage nurses' ability to assess the patients’ needs, to determine allocation, and delivery of time-sensitive emergency care and safety to its community. Internationally, many countries have adopted a standardized assessment instruments for patients presenting to the ER (Hodge, Hugman, Varndell, and Howes, 2013). Since April 2002, Australia has utilised The Australasian Triage Scale (ATS) that assess utility, validity, reliability and safety to categorise a patient's priority for care (Australian Government, Department of Health and Ageing, 2009). According to
The main ethical predicament faced by a nurse is if she should resuscitate someone or not. First there is the matter if the nurse is given clear instructions by the attending physician, to no resuscitate the patient, Matt, as all attempts to keep his brain and heart functioning have been unsuccessful. Secondly the supervisor agrees with the attending physician and also agrees that the nurse should listen to the doctor and not resuscitate the patient. Lastly the nurse herself has a previous disgust for resuscitating drug addicts. The patient’s family makes things more difficult as they still maintain against a DNR order, even when the patient did not leave any orders of what should be done. The American Nurses Association has conditions that
This paper will analyze broader healthcare ethic principles and laws dealing with non-maleficence (where a physician’s obligation of first, do no harm’ to a patient), beneficence (providing benefits and balancing them against risks to a patient of specific treatment) have influenced the ACHE’s code of ethics. Moreover, this analysis will examine how the ACHE’s code of ethic closely aligns with my ethics assessment (specifically with regards to, ‘respecting the practices and customs of a diverse patient protecting the patients right to autonomy’, ‘ensuring adherence to ethics-related policies and practices affecting patients and staff ’)(ACHE's Ethics Self-Assessment). In addition, this paper will examine how the ACHE’ code of ethics was established
Bioethics has four principles for which all healthcare professionals must abide by to be deemed practicing ethically. Each of the four principles go hand in hand with each other making it so one value should not be more important than another. This statement would go along with Beauchamp’s and Childress’ assertion that despite appearing first when recalling the major principles of bioethics, autonomy should not be taken to be the most important of the four (Beauchamp and Childress). However, autonomy may not be the most important, but neither are non-maleficence, beneficence or justice. Each of the four principles should be viewed as equals instead of being thought of as an ordered list of importance.
Medicine is a practice based on moral standards applied to clinical values and judgments, also known as medical ethics. Ethical values consists of beneficence, nonmaleficence, autonomy and justice. However, these ethical principles are affected when distributive justice and rationing of health care resources are implemented “…in a world in which need is boundless but resources are not…” (Scheunemann & White, 2011, p. 1630).