This process is very unethical. This can lead to genetic defects, it limits genetic diversity, and it can be taken to very extreme levels. ` To start us off, genetically engineering a baby can be very unsafe for it and lead to genetic defects. Scientists don’t know everything about the human body yet, and because of this, if we end up modifying something, it could end up affecting something important that we didn’t know about. We also can’t predict the outcome of the modification yet.
The problems that genetic engineering poses are only speculations as of today and have yet to be confirmed because little have been tested in the real world due to strict laws and no human being is willing to be a test subject. Hence scientist should continue researching on genes and there should be prohibition of
(Kracht para 2). This explains the fear of GMOs because people generally avoid things with unknown risks, especially when it involves science. Furthermore, labeling products creates fear, since consumers view it as a danger. A recent example of how labels cause a scare is the “gluten-free craze.” When gluten free labels increased, so did the fear of gluten, as well as gluten free diets. According to a study by Lauren Rene Moore, 1 in 3 adults began eating gluten free food because of labels.
The biggest concern about genetic engineering is the risks. Scientists have already used it on embryos, but have never nurtured those embryos into a child. Hypothetically nothing should be wrong with the child because it modified to be ‘perfect’, but for all we know alternating the DNA might have effects later down the line for the child. Humans have already modified things in our world, not through genetic engineering though, but trial and error. Two of those things are crops and dogs.
Is Genetic engineering Safe? Genetic engineering is the modification of an organism’s genetic composition by artificial means, often involving the transfer of specific traits, or genes, from one organism into a plant or animal of an entirely different species. Human beings ought to consider the pros and cons of genetic engineering before using it. It is a contentious topic because people have different views of weather genetic engineering is safe or not. This essay will look more on the advantages and disadvantages of genetic engineering.
Risks of Genetic Engineering Although the benefits of genetically modifying organisms may seem vast, it is important to consider the fact that this is a very new technique, and the risks involved are not fully understood. Since the reason behind genetic engineering is basically to improve the quality of human lives, it is important to discuss the potential adverse affects that genetic engineering may have on human beings. One risk associated with genetic engineering is that it is based on the idea that each trait of an organism is encoded in a single gene, and that the transfer of that specific gene will also cause the transfer of the favored property. However, genes cannot be regarded as separate entities. They are all related, and they are all influenced by many factors including the external environment.
In the future, it may be equipped with genetically modified plants with mechanisms designed to prevent gene flow. This is important for the co-existence of GM and traditional crops, especially that medical and industrial use of genetically modified plants. Environmental indirect effects of genetically modified crops include changes in agricultural or environmental practices associated with new varieties. Whether the net effect of these changes had to be positive or negative on the environment is still controversial, calling for a more comparative analysis of new technologies and agricultural practices. The environmental benefits include less water pollution and less damage to non-target insects, in turn benefit biodiversity.
Additionally, it is more likely that a gene ends up in the wrong type of cell or in the wrong spot within a cell, causing illnesses such as cancer (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2017). Ethical concerns with gene therapy are similarly problematic, such as determining who receives treatment, when, and how. The high cost of developing these products combined with the small market for them means that many companies are uninterested in gene therapy. As a result, the United States Food and Drug Administration has approved a total of sixteen gene therapy products (2018). Be that as it may, gene therapy has been largely effective in its limited run as a treatment for genetic
Technological advancements in the scientific field have led to the advent of genetic engineering, including the genetic modification (GM) of food that may hold the key to the solution of many existing problems like food shortage, world hunger and genetic diseases. Uzogara (2000) state that the intentional attempt to alter the genetic make-up of plants or animals is known as genetic modification. Scientists have shown the potential benefits that those genetically engineered crops can bring about such as increased shelf-life in Flavr Savr Tomato and pest-resistant Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn, which are said to benefit the producers. From the consumers’ point of view, what matters most is the health benefits that genetically engineered crops will bring about, which wild-type food crops may not be able to do.
Some of these risks are that the knowledge is limited and very technical as well as hard to understand fully, also it could leave humans without certain characteristics or genes due to genetic engineering designer babies this could occur. There are also risks when doing genetic engineering in agriculture, such as some organisms when eating the altered genetic food could have a negative effect, for example the organism might have an allergic reaction. Along with the negatives there are many positives for human, it means that there will be lest diseases to go around simply because when genetic engineering a child it won’t have the diseases, also if genetic engineering occurs for designer babies then the family would have the child that they have been dreaming of and it addition it would be disease free. Some positives for agriculture are that when buying the product, we would get our money’s worth. These positives sound amazing like a dream world but the complex technology that is need has not been found to do it properly,1 yet they are very close like Mark Kay a professor at Stanford University has possibly found a treatment for a rare condition called “bubble boy” disease when doing this the scientists would see an obvious target and have to cut out the DNA and replace it with another function DNA this is what genetic engineering is it may sound easy but trying to find DNA to replace it with would be highly