The Four Sociological Theories Of Disengagement Theory

751 Words4 Pages
Disengagement theory is a concept originally proposed by two social scientists, William Henry and Elaine Cumming in 1961 (Disengagement Theory, 2014) who were keen on studying the ageing process. According to their theory, the disengagement theory implies that in every society, the elderly undergo a process of adjustment in which they eventually leave important public roles and narrow their social world to family and friends. As people age, they tend to grow more fragile are prone to withdraw from the society. Their social circles shrink as they start to draw back and become less actively involved. This concept however, can be a mutual process as the society begins to be engage and include older people lesser which results in an evitable mutual…show more content…
Of these four outlooks, disengagement theory was the most conceptually developed. At the same time, it was also the most open to charges of ageism. The consequences of ageism are similar to those associated with all attempts to discriminate against other groups and persons subjected to prejudice and discrimination tech to adopt the dominate group’s negative image and to behave in ways that conform to that negative image. This could be viewed as an excuse to explain why society is less welcoming to older adults and justifies the barrier to participation in social activities for older people (McMahon, 2015). Although disengagement theory was most conceptualized and popular theory when it was first initiated, it was also most open to charges of…show more content…
Initially, supporters of the disengagement theory believed that the theory itself prepared people for death by slowly letting go of society and thus ready to let go of life as well. Researchers speculated that disengagement as also beneficial to the society, as people moved through different roles in life and created spaced for younger people to grow into those roles. Retirement allows younger people to enter the job market. As social networks shrinks for older adults, younger people build up their own new networks and

More about The Four Sociological Theories Of Disengagement Theory

Open Document