The worse material conditions led to the corruption of the shared values, the domestic was filled with anxiety and discomfort, so as to make the German artists fanatically devoted themselves to expressionism movement. In contrast to France and other countries, German expressionism poured more intense emotions on the subject matters. The reality of post-war German society reinforced the people 's sense of loss of life and sense of crisis, as a result, people began to call the mind, the voice of the entire era into a cry for help. Art also will call together, she calls towards the invisible dark, and she calls for rescue. In such a social background and under the direct action of expressionism painting and drama, Das Kabinett des Doktor Caligari came up, which acquired applause in artistic and commercial success promoted the similar film creation appeared one after another.
This is something which has always intrigued me as a filmmaker, as I have always loved watching films with two or more dimensions, and learning about German Expression has made it clearer to me. One thing that I have learned from this form of expressionism is that film becomes art only to the extent when the film image differs from reality. The constant use of crooked shapes in larger than life and artistic sets, the overexaggerated movements of the actors, and focusing on making the film a more visual fest to the eye of the audience while having a deep metaphorical layer has really inspired me. This new information could really influence my filmography as prior to learning about German Expressionism, I always used to think that having a metaphorical layer is enough for your film to be poetic but now I have learned that to make that metaphorical layer more believable to the audience, you need to support it by creating a world which would emphasize on the metaphor and also with the help of artistic visuals, just like in the German Expressionist films. This would help in making the audience connect with the story and the characters more easily.
Claude Monet and Auguste Renoir were some of the few artists to experiment with the new artistic style that was once rejected from society. The style of Impressionism consisted of visible strokes of paint on the canvas, with each color not blended. Colors would not be mixed with the adjacent color; rather, it would be distinctively placed side by side to not create the illusion of smooth depth. Gardner also said many Impressionists “recognized the importance of carefully observing and understanding how light and color operate” (Gardner 689). It would create a rough depth in which the eyes have to visually adjust to see its dimensions.
An Introduction to German Expressionism German expressionism is an art movement that occurred in the early 20th century and it marks the movement to more abstract and emotive art. Before, art was based on how well one could replicate reality. Expressionism emerged at a time of extreme tension internationally. Expressionism started before the First World War and continued to develop throughout the turbulent years during and after the war. Expressionism accurately reflected the feeling of fear, angst and horror that was prominent among the public.
Impressionist art, in its striking focus on a surrounding influence or environment and the elusively generally pleasant movement of light and air, such as Monet 's ethereal "Vetheuil in the Fog" (1879), was using new methods, going against everything taught as traditional and proper by the Salon command. We see artists such as Manet challenging artistic traditions with vigor confrontation in "Le déjeuner sur l 'herbe" (1863), and impressions of modern middle-class life, rather than historical figures, as we see in Cassett 's "At the Opera" (1880). Impressionists emphasized instants in time in the lives of the middle-class people, rather than the classical focus on images of elitism. The new ideas or methods beliefs and styles of the Impressionists, along with their perseverance in the face of important disapprobation and opposition, inspired new movements that happened at the same time went down from and react against Impressionist techniques, giving rise to many exciting modern artistic styles. Post-Impressionism, for example, without any delay calls to mind favorites of mine, such as Van Gogh 's beloved "Starry Night" (1889) and "The Bedroom" (1889).
Where was shunned by some academic institutions of art. Impressionist aims to capture a moment, a scene the impression of objects. For this, some of the artists moved to the countryside. That was when taking action natural light and shapes as derived from Impressionist paintings, Sunrise. In this article, I will talk about the history of modernity, and the movement of Impressionism, Claude 's life, Techniques, months of his paintings and other works.
Surrealism has established itself as one of the most influential styles of the century, visually appealing and intriguing, it has seduced and attracted people’s attention since its early days. It started as a revolutionary cultural movement born in response to the social, economical and political crisis which engulfed society during the beginning of the 20th century. The term ‘surrealist’ was coined by Guillaume Apollinaire thanks to his play ´les Mamelles de Tirésias’ 1917. I. Surrealism evolved out of the ‘anti-establishment’ and “anti-art" Dada movement based in Paris, most of whose members became surrealists during the early post-war years, forming two groups, one lead by Yvan Goll and the other by Andre Breton. On the contrary of Dadaists,
The Italian “neorealist” movement began at the end of World War II and the films typically dealt with the working class, used non-professional actors, and were shot on location. The films attempted to describe the difficult economic and moral conditions of postwar Italy and the changes in public mentality in everyday life. After the Italian neorealist wave ended, the French New Wave began in the late 1950s. The French New Wave directors gave birth to the auteur theory, which held that the director is the “author” of his movies, with a personal signature visible from film to film. They were reacting against the “tradition of quality” of cinema in France, or the mainstream French films.
Many artists are influenced by specific theories or ideas in their practice; especially the artists of the surrealism movement, who gathered their inspiration from dreams, nightmares and images from the subconscious, but also through the ideas of psychologist Sigmund Freud. This allowed their paintings to be extensions of their mind. The end of the Dada movement allowed the birth of the surrealism movement in Europe during the 1920’s, which began with a French poet, named Andre Breton, who wrote the ‘Surrealist Manifesto’, which described how he wanted to combine the conscious and subconscious into a new reality. Surrealism was a way artists were able to use their ‘inner mind’ and complex symbolism to create meaning in their artworks. Surrealism