This began the colonization of the Dominican Republic from the Spanish Empire. However, the western half remained property of France and was known as Haiti. When Columbus claimed this island Spain renamed it to Santo Domingo. Dominicans wanted their independence. They fought to gain their independence in 1821 but were unfortunately conquered and taken over by Haiti for the following twenty-two years.
Since the Creoles are American born, they have limited rights in Latin America compared to the Peninsulares who had the majority power.”-we are struggling to maintain ourselves in the country that gave us birth against the opposition of the invaders.” (Document A).Also due to the creoles birthplace (Latin America), they have a limit of personal and property rights. “Will you recover the lands stolen three hundred years ago from your forefathers by the hated Spaniards?” (Document E). And the creoles have limited amounts of jobs that they one could be. “- Creoles held few high-ranking jobs in the government. These jobs went to the peninsulares.”(Hook Exercise: Ranking Social Group).
When Haiti declared its independence after a slave rebellion in the late 1800s, France caused massive debt and discrimination in the country when they attempted to take it back. Poverty in Haiti was made worse when the United States intervened years later, supporting the dictatorship that sent the country downhill economically and socially. America was selfishly helping themselves and building their own economy, but was simultaneously destroying the economy of Haiti. In the span of 20 years, the country went from being a rice exporter to a massive importer, but not because of their own doing. In 2010, the biggest earthquake since 1770 struck Haiti, causing over 250,000 deaths and affecting at least three million people, drastically increasing the level of poverty (“Top 5 Facts about Poverty in Haiti”).
The nineteenth century for Latin America became plagued with repeated violence due to acts of rebellion in attempts for the folk to regain autonomy over their own lives. After gaining independence from the Spanish crown the folk wanted to keep their culture and tribal lands, much as the Spanish had allowed them to. However, the Creole elites planned to force the folk into living to commodity-based existences. With the confiscation of indigenous land large quantities of the folk were forced to move into the cities in search of jobs, despite the Europeanization, folk culture prevailed in the
Haiti was discovered by Christopher Columbus and 1942 during his first voyage across the Atlantic Ocean. It was inhabited by the Tainos who called their country Ayiti, Bohio, or Kiskeya. Haiti was settled in 1670 The Haitian culture is a mix between African and European elements such as language and food. A type of native food that local residents prefer is Haitian cuisine. The main types of arts created in Haiti are paintings Sequin flags.
In New France, large percentage of enslaved people consisted of Indians (Panis) who were captured by Indigenous allies and sold to the English. It also consisted of Negros, who were bought and traded through private sales. In New France, Africans could also be enslaved, which was legalized before the ordinance in 1689 by Louis XIV. This ordinance undoubtedly created distinctions and categories between black and white and colored individuals became viewed as inferior due to biological limitations. Panis and Negro slaves performed most of the surplus domestic labor and were used by inhabitants for agriculture and other enterprises.
The Haitian Revolution, a massive slave-led revolt that successfully resisted all forces from the French, Spanish, and English. As a result, on “January 1, 1804” Haiti declared independence (Clayborne 138). The successful uprising sent waves of hope throughout the United States, in hopes that similar success would be experienced. However, many never developed, or failed before fruition. This theme continued well beyond the era of Haitian
Until then the National Assembly was divided into people who wanted to abolish slavery as all men are equal and into people who were against the abolition as this would harm the French economy. However, the principles of the Revolution led to uprisings in Saint Domingue in 1791 already. The very violent Haitian revolution which lasted until 1804 finally led to the independent republic of Haiti. Other colonies became independent far after the Revolution and some are still French departements
People of Haiti revolted because of slavery and unfair voting. Ninety percent of Haiti’s population was slaves, and this was the main focus of the revolution. Unfair voting took place in the French National Assembly because “the vote was restricted to whites who owned 20 or more slaves” according to student handout 3.1. The outcome of the Haitian revolution was that slavery was abolished on the island, but slave owning countries such as the United States placed an embargo