Growing up here in Africa, I realized many people round the globe, including Africans had accepted the perspective that, Africa is a poor continent, a domain people pity. This perception was well-rooted, to the extent that the Economist published an Article in 2000, dubbing Africa as ‘The Hopeless Continent’. Over time this perception and ideology changed. Now something that seemed impossible is occurring, the ‘Hopeless’ continent is now seen as a ‘Hopeful’ continent. This transformation has been named ‘Africa Rising’, describing the rapid economic growth (in GDP) of Africa.
Health workers are indispensable for healthcare. They are the foundation, enablers and drivers of health systems. A severe and growing shortage of health workers has become an international emergency that in recent years has generated considerable international attention and concern (Joint Learning Initiative, 2004; WHO, 2006). The absence of health workers threatens the health of individuals and populations, destabilises health systems, and further deepens existing health inequalities. This serious shortage of healthcare workers in Africa can be identified as one of the most critical constraints to the achievement of health and development goals.
3.1 THE COLONIAL LEGACY ON THE AFRICA’S UNDERDEVELOPMENT From the 16th century to 1921, 84 % of the earth had been under the sphere of influences of colonial powers. After World War I, there were around 168 colonies (Chiriyankandath, 2007) European colonization of Africa has had serious negative consequences for development, which over rides any purported differences in rule style. Colonialism has had a very negative, constraining effect on development in general. The impact of colonialism on the African continent is certainly relevant in characterizing postcolonial states and conflicts. Colonialism has permanent geographical, cultural, and financial legacies.
Education is an element of life that is increasingly becoming an international must and a real human right. Poverty in Africa has however acted as an obstacle to many children from receiving even the basic primary education. Poverty, which normally develops to a specific way of life and culture, is an issue that is continuing to grow in Africa. The number of people in Africa living in poverty is continually increasing. The United Nations Millennium Summit in the year 2000 embraced eight Millennium Development Goals that it aimed to attain by 2015 (Engle, & Black, 2008).
There is no doubt that poverty has become one of the most important real threats to economic, security, and social stability in the world. In Africa the issue of poverty still the issue that occupies the forefront of all issues of concern to peoples who still racked by the brunt. The word “Poverty” holds different meanings according to different visions of researchers, some people define it as financial, others as social and some others as cultural, therefore Poverty is a complex phenomenon that combines within its
Such consequences for the rural-urban migration are over population of public space and an increased level of corruption. According to the analysis by the Federal office of statistics in Nigeria report indicates that poverty has been in existence since the evolution of Nigeria as a country, the poverty level was at 27% in 1980 and rose up to 46 percent by 1985. After a moderate drop in 1992 to 43%, poverty escalated to 66% in 1996 (Osagie, 2007). Some factors were responsible for the increment in the poverty level in Nigeria such as deserting agriculture for petroleum economy, the mismanagement of the country’s resources by corrupt government officials and prolonged military dictatorship in the country (Igbuzor, 2006). Poverty is pervading throughout the country, while poverty
Although the authors within the chapters followed a chronological timeline, but the book as a whole did not follow the same timeline. For example as stated earlier chapter 2 explains European colonial influence in Africa and how it influenced African politics long after colonization. The following chapter begins to talk about “Africa’s volatile relationship with international capital” (35). The chapter then begins to describe the per capita relationship between Africa and other nations during the 1980s and 1990s. This timeline followed by the author leaves out decades worth of information on how the relationship became volatile.
Twenty years into the Democratic South Africa, The Country is still faced with a huge gap between the rich and the poor, black and White, male and female (United nations 2002). Income inequality is not only an issue for South Africans but has proven to be an economic problem even in the first class world. In countries like Brazil government intervention has helped balance the gap between income inequality and poverty alleviation (Berg, J. Brazil) the biggest contribution to income of a typical household is wages, therefore if the is anything to be fixed that will eventually lead to an not so equal income distribution is to deal with wages in the economy Governments intervention in the labour market should be to regulate wages, price floor is has proven to assist a lot of countries in sectors like agriculture and manufacturing as they are mostly facing unskilled labour. Minimum wages a component of price floor is but a well-known theory on how to control the wages that a common farmer or mechanic should be getting per hour. Inequality in South Africa.
Does the evidence from Africa support the thesis of underdevelopment? Although Africa is developing fast and there are still a few countries that are trying to make a global impact, It can still be said that the African continent continues to house some underdeveloped and poor countries. The abject poverty that the citizens live under has been a result of political security and war in some countries. This essay will show that the evidence of Africa supports the thesis of underdevelopment. I will show this by focusing on what African politics is and the significance behind studying it.
The Niger Delta area of Nigeria has been in turmoil for a long time due to poverty and underdevelopment precipitated by corruption, greed and rent seeking behaviour. The management of Nigeria’s health care system by the government has increased poverty accelerating factors in the region. In recent times, health workers especially medical doctors have frequently embarked on strike and protests as a strategy for compelling the government to improve the health care system. During periods of strikes and protests patients are left without medical attention. Since majority of the people are poor, they find it impossible to afford medical care in private hospitals.