Such consequences for the rural-urban migration are over population of public space and an increased level of corruption. According to the analysis by the Federal office of statistics in Nigeria report indicates that poverty has been in existence since the evolution of Nigeria as a country, the poverty level was at 27% in 1980 and rose up to 46 percent by 1985. After a moderate drop in 1992 to 43%, poverty escalated to 66% in 1996 (Osagie, 2007). Some factors were responsible for the increment in the poverty level in Nigeria such as deserting agriculture for petroleum economy, the mismanagement of the country’s resources by corrupt government officials and prolonged military dictatorship in the country (Igbuzor, 2006). Poverty is pervading throughout the country, while poverty
Unsurprisingly, forcibly removing someone from their homes and enslaving them to work on another continent, if they did not die on the dangerous trip there, does not foster peaceful relationships. This tension, built upon hostilities over colonization, and other poor treatment of African people, has helped contribute to the violence in Africa in the past. Furthermore, it is clear Europeans, and in turn, Americans, have always had a superiority complex towards Africans. This would lead to views of Africans as being inferior, which can lead to ideas of them being less civilized, and more dangerous. This compounds on the actual violence in Africa, and results in the world viewing the entire continent as violent and
Although the authors within the chapters followed a chronological timeline, but the book as a whole did not follow the same timeline. For example as stated earlier chapter 2 explains European colonial influence in Africa and how it influenced African politics long after colonization. The following chapter begins to talk about “Africa’s volatile relationship with international capital” (35). The chapter then begins to describe the per capita relationship between Africa and other nations during the 1980s and 1990s. This timeline followed by the author leaves out decades worth of information on how the relationship became volatile.
During the period of imperialism many wars have witnessed. Most of these wars have been caused by attacks of white races upon so- called “lower races.” Imperialism is when a stronger ,more powerful country takes over a weaker country. The united States and Asia are a big example of imperialism because they have taken over Africa . Imperialism impacted the African continent in several ways including exploitation of resources, and loss of independence, slavery, disunity among Africans. First of all , Exploitation of resources was one of the negative ways imperialism impacted Africa .
With this came a staggering decrease in population, forcing the economy to worsen. Because of the downslide in economic development, Africa itself lost power, wealth, and people. When Europeans traded with African powers they exchanged slaves for goods such as guns. This was the cause of an outbreak of violence in Africa. Even though the slave trade had such an awful effect on Africa, it benefited European power greatly through
Sub-Saharan Africa is believed to be one of the continents worst altered by HIV/Aids worldwide. There are complex reasons for this nevertheless; precise sociocultural factors have been recognized as accountable for the quick range of the disease. These include the following, Gender inequality and male dominance, Violence and sexual violence, Stigma and discrimination, Poverty lack of knowledge and misconceptions about HIV/Aids Cultural beliefs and practices Gender inequality and male dominance. Nevertheless some of these cultural factors can somehow sustain the spread of HIV. This essay seeks to explore some of the socio cultural factors that precipitate and sustain the Aids pandemic and some recommendations of containing the spread of HIV and Aids will be presented.
1.1 The following report has been prepared with a view to understand the reasons behind Hunger and poverty in Africa. The main matter of concern is to develop ways to resolve hunger and poverty issues. 1.2 Sub-Saharan Africa is the area with the second largest number of starving people, where almost 233 million people are undernourished. In general, the main causes of poverty are conflict, detrimental economic systems, population growth, environmental factors such as climate change and drought. Poverty itself is a major cause of hunger in sub-Saharan Africa.
By and large, they have been observed as a barrier to peaceful relations among communities (Aswaju & Nugent, 1996). It is believed that haphazard colonial borders contribute greatly to the mushrooming of ethnic conflicts which, after the independence of African states, was seen as being part of the political evolution of the continent. As rife as the border disputes have been in Africa, similar conflicts have been noted in Asia between India and Pakistan as well in Europe between Russia and Kazakhstan, Ukraine, and Russia border dispute over the Tuzla Island, just to mention but a
The speech was addressed in 2004. The text describes the effects of colonization on present day Africa; how colonization devastated the social, economic and mental effect on the African people. The economic factor was seriously affected during and after the colonization of Africa. European Imperialist’s main goal in colonizing Africa was for raw resources. During the imperial period, Africa lost 60% to 70% of their resources.
However, the downside is that yes there are some major drawbacks for Coca-Cola in making such a large scale commitment into Africa. Despite the growth in Africa’s average income and the improvements that are being made within the government, there is still a problem because as of today many or most rural areas in Africa where the government and physical infrastructure are just not stable enough to hold a market entity like Coca-Cola. So by having Coca-Cola invest large amounts of their money into the African economy, could potentially result in the instability within the company and could prove to be disruptive to their
Not only did the feudal system find its value dropping but trade and commerce also came to a stop during the Plague. As the Europeans began to recover from the losses they suffered during the plague, with feudal lords holding most of the power, it made it difficult to rebuild the economy (Alavosus, 57). The Black Plague caused a rise in prices and wages and greater value was placed on labour.
Promoting sustainable development in South America is an incredibly important goal. Millions of people in the developing world face economic, educational, and health hurdles. Overpopulation is one of the many issues facing the region. High population growth generally coincides with low education levels and poor health care. Overpopulation diminishes resources in a country and increases poverty.