The foundation of the fur trade business guaranteed the permanent presence of the white men in creation of economic growth. The fur trade was a powerful industry and it reshaped the Northwest and shaped the relationship of the Whites and the Indians. As the relationship between the whites and the Indians grew, it created the Mixed world. Throughout history the fur trade provides a clear demonstration of how a form of production could influence the development of an economy and a country’s social, cultural, and political institutions. George Simpson, governor of the Hudson Bay Company, mostly focused on the development of a social and political relationship with the Native Americans.
The French and the British both competed with each other for control over land in North America. It was essential to both their economies as the fur was extremely profitable hence both side wanted to maximise their control over the resources and optimise their alliances with the Indians. Fearing English expansions the French sought to make a link between New France and their colonies in Louisiana in order to create a military barrier to the English. They aimed to do this through the Ohio River which were controlled by the Ohio River tribes: the Seneca, the Delaware and the Shawnee.
The land went from being the best hunting grounds, to having none from the fur traders hunting all of the buffalo. The government supplied the Metis peoples affected with nations like they agreed in the treaty, but this got to be expensive. The metis claimed that they were fed one day and starved the next. The Metis peoples were not pleased with the whites over taking their land and sources.
One of the action were Indian Intercourse Act of 1790. This basically said that no land is to be taken unless by their free consent or by the right of conquest in case of just war. Next was the fur trade regulation. The trade brought handsome profits to private companies such as John Jacob Astor’s American Fur Company (1808).Both Native Americans and white particpated in this. Indians in return for thier fur secured blankets, guns, rum and ironwear.
The fur trade first established the Pacific Northwest as a hinterland by encouraging settlers and traders from The competition vigorously grew between Europe, the United States, Spanish cultures, and other participants beyond the coastal region. However, throughout the progression of the Pacific Northwest as a hinterland ships and agricultural merchandise become about, so there was more than farming to offer. Thus, resulting in the everyday reliance of these trading goods. In addition, The fur trade first established the Pacific Northwest as a hinterland due to the fact that the fur trades satisfied the economic aspect that the hinterlands required, by supplying raw materials and resources to further the growth of the markets and generating dependency upon the fur.
There was a popular assumption, which can be tied to a quote by General Sheridan , that “The only good Indians I ever saw were dead ones.” This quote captures a popular attitude of Anglo-Americans during this time. Due to the constant struggle for resources between the Native Americans and the settlers, wars between the two were inevitable. The white men wanted the lands that belonged to the Native Americans and they were convinced that, because of what they considered the uncivilized nature of the Native Americans, there was no way they could coincide with the Native Americans. This presumption was due to the biased outlooks that the Anglo Americans had toward Native Americans culture. Due to these attitudes toward the Native Americans the settlers set out to acquire their lands.
Case Study #1 The trading of goods and technologies between imperial governments and indigenous nations consists of both positive and negative outcomes. In Canada, the fur trade was of significance due to the advanced technology brought by the Europeans to the natives. They brought goods such as axes, wool, tobacco pipes, flintlock muskets, and an assortment of knives in exchange for furs. The aboriginals began to utilize the European goods for the reason that the technology was incomparable to their own.
The bubonic plague drastically changed medieval European society. It weakened the economy and affected the role women play in society. The black death sparked religious movements and shaped beliefs. The Mongols occupied an area extending from Russia to China. Therefore, there were many trade roads in the empire, and Mongol rule kept Eurasian trade avenues in check.
“Some harshe and (cruel) dealinge by cutting of towe(two) of the Salvages heads and other extremetyes.”(Hume 61). The colonist’s bad relationship with the Native Americans led to many deaths. “Although still part of Powhatan’s Confederacy, the tribe had seen less of the English that had those closer at hand and with luck might be more friendly. And so it proved.
With the introduction of European domesticated livestock; honeybees, pigs, horses, mules, sheep, and cattle and the domesticated plants; wheat, barley, rye, oats, grasses, and grapevines there was also the introduction of pathogens, weeds, and rats. Because of the lack of labor force and the vast lands the colonists would fence in their smaller crops to reduce the amount of work leaving their livestock to freely roam around the land. This caused feral herds and the destruction of the environment that the natives relied on for survival. These animals would eat or destroy the Native Americans crops because unlike the Europeans they did not fence in their crops, if the Native Americans killed and ate the animals that ruined their crops the Europeans would want compensation for them killing their property.
The Spanish also participated in wars against the English and in Southern battles. The Iroquois and the French were also at war with each other over territory. The beaver, which was in high demand because of the fur trade, was rapidly disappearing from Iroquois land. They wanted to expand their territory which led to a bloody war between the Iroquois, the French, and other Native American tribes. This led many French people to fear Native Americans and flee to Canada “I would not trust them though, for they are barbarians and heathens” (Marie of the Incarnation, p. 2).
boundaries, but it also forced migration of the Native Americans and the people of the lands made the natives get kicked out without a say because of the new land people started coming in and pushing the people out. This was a big problem to the natives because they had nowhere to go. Fourth, Jefferson’s decision to buy the Louisiana Territory impacted trade by helping to secure the port of New Orleans and the use of the Mississippi river for us and helped/expanded westward trade. Fifth, Jefferson’s decision to buy the Louisiana Territory impacted economics by gaining western half of richest river valley, laid foundations for future major powers, supported Jefferson’s idea for a “great agrarian society” (democratic republican / anti-federalist party goal), by establishing precedents for future expansion: the acquisition of foreign territory and peoples by purchase and their incorporation into the union not as vassal states but on a basis of equal membership (democratic imperialism), getting complete control of Mississippi River and Delta, and getting natural
And also the lives of Europeans were affected. For Indians and Europeans, the hurt they got fur more than the benefits they got in America. Therefore, America should be view as a nightmare for both Europeans and Indians because diseases and frequent wars made them suffering in America. Although the Columbian exchange made both Indians and Europeans got some benefits, exchange of diseases
The Dakota were being squeezed into smaller areas. Moving from previously prime hunting and fishing grounds to increasing smaller non-productive reservations, harsh winters and low supplies created times that that left many native families hungry and frustrated. Throughout the 1800’s, treaties were negotiated with the Dakota and the U. S. Government and native lands were exchanged for money, farming supplies and debt payments. These treaties were not in favor of the native population. By the late 1850’s, treaty violations by the United States and late or unfair annuity payments by Indian Agents, those authorized to interact with natives on behalf of the U.S. Government, caused increasing hunger and hardship among the Dakota.
When the Europeans arrived in North America, many changes came into the lives of indigenous peoples. These changes included things such as new weapons and horses, which made hunting easier, but Europeans also killed indigenous people, treated them as though they were less than human, and took their lands. These immoral things happened because of European desire for riches and glory. Because of this, the European impact on Native Americans should be seen as a moral question. Upon their arrival, Europeans saw indigenous people as heathens because of their religions and their difference in culture.