Feminism is a discourse that involves various movements, theories and philosophies which are concerned with the issue of gender difference; it also advocates equality for women and campaigns for women’s rights and interests. Feminist theory is associated with the analysis and explanation of women’s subordinate social situation. It seeks to analyze the condition which shapes women’s lives and to explore cultural perception of what it means to be a woman. In the early twentieth century there were some important feminist thinkers: Virginia Woolf (1882-1941), Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935), Simone de Beauvoir (1908-86) and Betty Friedan (1921-2006). Like them Rokeya also appeared as a strong voice of feminism.
We will also inquire in Beauvoir’s concept of Independent woman to know if woman are likely to liberate herself from the system. But of course we must also identify what Patriarchal system is, and how it does affect woman’s condition and whether it is possible for woman to be fully liberated. Our goal is to first settle the condition of woman through her existing body and further turning to her situation in the society. Consequently we shall address whether Feminism is still significant in attaining gender equality, or is gender equality possible by all means. From here, the researcher will try to unfold the root cause of gender inequality by studying of the woman’s situation, since by disclosing the condition of woman we are also unveiling the condition of man in the
The objective of this paper is to analyze small entities within two books by Bell Hooks, FEMINIST THEORY: From Margin to Center, and Feminism is for EVERYBODY along with numerous articles that focus on feminism, white privilege, women against feminism and understanding feminism. This paper will illuminate what it is to be a feminist and it will also emphasize the need for equality within a patriarchy. While allowing myself and others to gain knowledge of feminism and become open to accepting the fight against sexism, racism, and patriarchal thinking.
This indicates to us the large-scale influence that the book held on culture and society, the work provoking women into considering their selfhood and positions, even being referred to as “a catalyst for change" by modern day feminist Eleanor Smeal. Additionally, another example was the feminist magazine Spare Rib, which provided readers with a critical analysis of sexual oppression as well as other relevant concepts; the magazine confronting issues and dilemmas
And to do so, she made use of many of this criteria that many feminists use to support their knowledge, including: “(1) what forms of reasoning this knowledge claim depends on… (4) whom this knowing feminist speaks for, why and with what authority… [and] (8) what normative framework structures this process of knowledge production” (Ramazanoglu, 138). While the entire book is written as a personal account, I drawspecifically on what is perhaps the most pivotal, extreme, and intense portion of the book: the rape and attack scene and the immediately surrounding events, both leading up to the event and the immediate responses that ensued. Though the whole book functions as sufficient evidence, this particular section is written from the most extreme standpoint, thereby creating even greater necessity for the establishing of background and point of view for the
Intersectionality has become the latest feminist “buzzword” as it comes to the discussion of pop culture, politics or academia. the article “Intersectionality” by The Washington Post, tells us how the term intersectionality was initially used to describe how race and gender could bisect as the forms of oppression. However, now the term is used to trace how different forms of discrimination overlap and relate. It also describes how important is it for feminists to consider women from diverse backgrounds when advocating for social causes. This term encompasses numerous social factors such as sexual orientation, disability, class and nationality.
This article defines what Butler in her book Judith Butler introduction gender trouble chapter one: “subjects of sex/gender/desire” wants to convey to the reader. Butler presumes that there is an already existing feminist identity known as "women.' Many feminists believe that developing a female identity is essential to creating awareness on women's political issues. Butler challenges this. She doesn't think that the idea of "woman" is a well-defined category.
The reading “Gendering Organizational Theory” written by Joan Acker analyzes the importance of implementing gendered organizations into the organization of public administration that integrate the role of women with neutrality. The author advocates for the usage of gender structures that advocates for gender-neutral character, job evaluation and the concept of abstract worker into the structure of complex organizations. Acker argued, “Jobs and hierarchies are represented as gender neutral, and every time such a job evaluation system is used, the notion of gender-neutral structure and the behavior based on that notion are re-created within the organization” (p. 425). The reading begins its discussion by mentioning the differences in treatment, society roles, and limitations and women face in their daily lives. Since the establishment of the roles of society, women have been entitled to feminine roles that focus on family and nurturing.
Lazar (2010), who uses feminist critical discourse analysis articulating feminist discourse praxis. He writes an outlines of a ‘feminist critical discourse analysis’ at the nexus of critical discourse analysis and feminist studies, with the aim of advancing rich and nuanced analyses of the complex workings of power and ideology in discourse in sustaining hierarchically gendered social orders From the elaboration of the background of this study in the previous paragraph, the writer intends to observe the text from theguardian.com ,america-aljazeraa.com and Arabnews.com by using Sara Mills Model with the goal is finding the every portal news positioning woman and persuading the readers in these texts. By discussing this topic, it will provide a different viewpoint that a story that is presented in a wide variety of existing news portal. Additionally, it will provide a new perspective to the public that the discourse is often used to bring a certain ideology and how a marginalized groups through language and certain grammatical
Its opponents have even suggested that feminist rhetoric condemns the opposite sex to the extent of gender antagonism (Young). In light of both the altruistic progressivism and the criticized status surrounding the contemporary women’s movement, the progress made through centuries of perseverance overall suggests that the movement intends to better and help the status of women in society. Now a movement based around securing the franchise of women, contemporary feminism initially spawned to uphold the rights of women before they were legally acknowledged. The spirit of the movement established itself at this initial point, a “gathering devoted to women’s rights” (“The Women 's Rights Movement, 1848-1920”). As such, in commitment to its original form, the contemporary movement reflects
I wanted my topic to be on a particular individual that covers the whole dynamics of women in the colonial era as well as a story of such sacrifice. The individual that I chose for my research paper was Mary Musgrove. I found several sources that lead me to orchestrate an argument
In the speech created by Crystal Eastman “Now We Can Begin,” Crystal clearly defines how a woman is supposed to be looked upon in society, not as a barbie doll figurine. (Eastman, online) She uses various amounts of repetition and empowerment. “Now We Can Begin,” shows the economic position of women, what it means to be a ‘true feminist’, and how women will impact the the world for future women. (Eastman, online) Crystal Eastman outlines the economic situation of women, she explains that women should have the freedom to have one’s choice of an
Daniels compares her own ideas to other sources throughout her criticism, such as Mark M. Hennelly’s literary criticism of the same novel. Daniels’ inferences consistently discuss the future of a woman’s role in society, finishing with a bold statement, “Pearl represents the future of all women” (Daniels