The Gender Pay Gap

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Gender pay gap The gender pay gap is the percentage difference between average hourly earnings for men and women in the workplace. The pay gap isn 't the same as equal pay. Equal pay means that men and women doing the same job should be paid the same. This has been a legal requirement which was established in The Equal Pay act of 1970. Across the UK, men earned 18.4% more than women, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS).The gap between men and women 's earnings for both full and part-time work has fallen from 27.5% in 1997 to 18.4% in 2017. Reasons for the gender pay gap : 1. Men are proportionally more likely to work full-time than women. At younger ages (16 to 21) men’s jobs are split almost equally between full-time (51.2%) and part-time (49.8%) but, between the ages of 30 to 39 (91.3%) and 40 to 49 (91.3%) more than 90% of men’s jobs are full-time. Women however, are less likely to work full-time, with only 61.1% and 57.6% of women’s jobs being full-time for ages 30 to 39 and 40 to 49 respectively. 2. Having children may also change what women want from a job.Women often care for young children or elderly relatives. women are more likely to want the ability to work flexible hours, or to work at home, or to complete a project outside a tight schedule which are often lower paid or have fewer opportunities for progression. 3.Discrimination is another cause of the gender pay gap. The Equality and Human Rights Commission (ECHR) has previously found

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