According to an American Dental Association survey, male dentists tend to earn about $42,700 more than their female counterparts in years 1995 to 2004 (Schultz). According to the U.S. Census Bureau 2004, “Male physicians earn $140,000, and females earn considerably less, $88,000. That translates into a gender wage gap of 62.9” (Zorn). The wage gap in the United States is not a problem to be taken lightly. This situation needs to be addressed by the government, similar to the Obama
There is an income inequality that exists in the Unites States, women earn on average 80% what the average male makes. In 2016, the median earning of males was $51, 640 while women made $41, 554 (Semega, 2017). Education also plays a role in the gender pay gap and even though women may be receiving the same degree as a man they continue to be paid less. The pay gap associated with education is illustrated by Larkin, "On average, a male with a bachelor's degree will earn $25,000 more than a female with a similar degree. Women with a master's degree earn $32,500 less than men possessing a similar degree" (2015, para. 58).
Emma Stone and Mark Wahlberg, both well-known actors within society and have been labeled as the highest paid male and female actors; however, they do not make the same amount of money. One would believe that they both would make the same amount of money given they share the same occupation, but Wahlberg’s annual income is $42m more than that of Stone’s (Dean, et al.). Acting requires the same skills and the same level of credentials between both genders yet somehow, the wage men earn outweighs the amount women might ever earn. Even within other occupational fields such as medicine or business, men earn more income.
In the 1970s, the wage gap decreased because “women’s progress in education and workforce participation” (Miller, 2018). However currently there is still a wage gap: for every dollar a man makes a woman makes eighty cents for same job – on average. What is being seen recently is that intersectionality plays a vital role in the wage gap as well; not only are women being paid less than men, but some races of women are being paid less than others. It was discovered that “among full-time workers in 2016, Hispanic or Latina, black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN), and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander (NHPI) women had lower median annual earnings compared with non-Hispanic white and Asian women” (Miller, 2018). It was also revealed that Asian women have the smallest wage gap when compared to men and that Hispanic women have the largest wage gap when compared to men.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that single women who have never married earned 96 percent of men's earnings in 2012. When children comes into the picture, women tend to spend less time at work than men, furthermore, child care takes mothers out of the labor market, so when they return they have less work experience than similarly-aged males. Education also affects the wage gap. According to research studies, even within groups with the same educational attainment, women often choose fields of study, such as sociology, liberal arts or psychology, that pay less in the labor market. Men are more likely to major in finance, accounting or engineering.
The disparity has been justified that women make less money than men are based on what seem to be logical reasons but According to a 2010 study done by the U.S. Census Bureau, the average of all working women earn 78% of what men makes and 64% for black women. While is is useful to look at the incomes of men and women as a whole, it still doesn’t account for things such as educational level, work experience, hours worked, and type of job. However, even when we control for these factors, the gender pay gap still exists. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics released a 2014 report examining the median weekly earnings of full time wage and salary workers that took gender and job position into account.
According to Hofstede, “In work place masculine society has larger gender wage gap” (p-7). Usually men are getting higher salary than women. Not only salary but also there is fewer women who work in management. Here men get more priority for salary and rank. Usually they think women can’t perform well in management sector.
In America during 1978, the average male worker earned $48,000. In contrast, the average member of the one percent earned $390,000, or eight times more. By 2010, male US worker’s wages from the middle-classes had declined to $33,000 whilst the 1 percent earned $1.1 million, or 33 times as much. As the wealthy experience this cumulative income, middle classes’ wages stagnate or weaken. Revenues and benefits go to the wealthy at the expense of everyone else.
Women encounter greater problems than men with regards to adjusting work and private life. Family, care and household duties are not equally shared. More women than men choose to take parental leave as women often borne the task of taking care their family members. In addition, the lack of facilities for childcare and elderly care have caused women to leave the workforce. According to a survey of working parents done by Pew Research Center (2015), it is found that 39 percent of mothers took time off to take care of their children or family and 27 percent responded that they have to quit their career.
The gender gap in economic participation can be measured through the difference in numbers between men and women participating in the labour workforce. In the world currently, 82% of men participate in the labour workforce while only 56% of women do. It is estimated that if women participated in the workforce identically to men, the annual gross domestic product (GDP) in 2025 could increase as much as 26%; closing the gender gap by allowing more women to participate in the workforce is critical for long-term economic benefits. However, several factors hold women back from economic participation for several reasons, such as social norms, discriminatory laws, and gaps in legal protection. Therefore, it is crucial for governments to enforce laws
The underlying causes, ideology, and history surrounding crime and social classes lie within social constructs in society that deliberately deny people freedom and liberty for the privilege of others. The law defines what actions are harmful and this gives direction to the powers created that make the judicial system function. Therefore law and order can be used as an oppressive mechanism employed to protect privilege of other unequally or it can be the call of conscience reminding us that we should establish equality for everyone. One of the concepts that intersect in all of crime is social class along with others like race, gender, age, etc. One prevailing ideology of the 20th century was Marxism which asserted that all of human history
One of the biggest struggles that women has to go through is not getting paid as equally as men. An Equal Pay Act in 1963 had to be made in order to forbid sex based wage discrimination, even though women are still getting 91 cents of every dollar earned by men (10 Challenges That American Women Still Face Today, paragraph. 2). In Russia, many women are paid less than men and their wage and salaries were 70% of men (Snezhkova, (2005), Page 3). This became a problem for many other countries where women wages would be 84% of men also and they would only receive just 58% of the income from their spouse (Social Inequalities, the World Cup, and Some Simple Solutions, Paragraph 6). In other words, this statement is saying that even though men and
This means that for every $1.00 earned by a male worker, a female worker earns 74 cents. most jobs in the booming oil and constructions industries—as one possible reason for the stagnation in the gender income gap. For the most highly educated Canadian women, gender differences in earnings within identical occupations are generally very small among new entrants to the labor force. The focus on this survey was concentrated on causes the wage’s gap between different genders.
continued to be paid differently often with the men earning a higher salary. A bar graph presented in the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Report titled “Median usual weekly earnings of women and men who are full-time wage and salary workers, by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2013 annual averages”, clearly depicts this difference. Overall the men during 2013 made an average weekly earning of $860 while the women in 2013 made only $706 on average. This difference in earnings caused the total population of men in the U.S. in 2013 to earn an average of $154 more per week than women workers. Of these men and women, the white males made an average of $884 per week and the white females made just $722 per week.