The Gender Pay Gap

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Gender gap was started to be seen as a social, economic and political issue in the 1970’s. During this time proponents of equal rights and especially feminists fought for social equality for women including same wage comparing with men. Gender pay gap is considered to be the difference in men’s and women’s median earnings doing the same job. Even though over a past few years the gap was decreasing, at the moment it is still considerable. According Eurostat, in 2014 women 's gross hourly earnings were on average 16.1% below those of men in the European Union. Gender pay gap is becoming more important subject of various discussions. One of the major fighters in this gender based problem are feminists. They claim that an unequal payment is a consequence of man’s dominant position in the society. Scientists are less likely to agree with this concept and their opinion is more upheld by the variety of social and economic factors as well as personal life choices and each of them has a notable effect on different earnings among men and women. Both sides have reasonably important arguments, so it is relevant to reconsider them separately. As mentioned before, gender pay gap is still a valid issue in contemporary world and it ranges from 5,62% to 36,6% among countries (The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development [OECD], 2014). There has been a lot of economic and social researches concerning this problem. The results did not differ noticeably and most of them discovered

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