On November 16, 1860, an election was held between Abraham Lincoln, who was a republican, against John Cabell Breckinridge and John C. Bell, who were federalists. The federalists believed that Lincoln brought chaos to the United States; and the republicans disagreed with the centralization of power in the Southern states. So the result ended up with the triumph of Lincoln. As a result, the Southerners formed the Confederate states of America; and elected Jefferson Davis as the president. The Confederate states also issued their own Constitution, which was basically based on the United States Constitution, except the Southern Constitution defended slavery.
The Civil War was fought between the Northern States, known as the Union Army, and the Southern States, known as the Confederate Army. The Civil War started on April 12, 1861 and lasted until mid-1865. The Civil War arose out of deep disagreements regarding everything from State’s rights, but the primary cause was the contrasting views regarding slavery. While the Southern States supported continued slavery, the Northern States wanted to end this practice. Many scholars believe the Civil War was due to the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, who supported the North, causing the Southern States to split from the United States.
My intention with this essay is to give a wider understanding on why the speech happened and just what impact it has had on the country. So what was the events leading up to the Speech held that morning in November 1963? In the year 1860, the republican presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln was sworn into office as the president of the United States. The northerner had been a loud voice against the slavery that took place (mostly) in the south and with him winning the election, there was a lot of opposition from slavery-advocates. Lincoln was against slavery and with the possibility of his end-goal being the abolishment of slavery seven states where already done leaving the union before Lincoln had taken his place in the Oval Office.
SEGUNDA PEC MUNDOS ANGLÓFONOS. ABRAHAM LINCOLN GETTYSBURG ADDRESS 1863. MARÍA DEL MAR VIDAL VIÑA 26/03/2015 This is a political speech given by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War in Gettysburg ( Pensilvania ) on 19 of November in 1863, four and a half month after the Gettisburg Battle. Abraham Lincoln became the United States' 16th President in 1861, issuing the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy in 1863. Lincoln believed that secession was illegal, and was willing to use force to defend Federal law and the Union.
Then in the election of 1852, the success achieved by Abraham Lincoln, a republican from the north, who was a supporter of the abolishment of slavery, became the directlt and immediate cause of the American Civil War. It was the first time in the history of the country that the president was elected by regional voting, which means that the United State was on the way to seperation. President Lincoln standed in a clear position that supported the abolishment of slavery thus cause the unsatisfiction of people in the
For example, Corinth, Mississippi was a key railroad hub which was taken first by the Union a few months after the Battle of Shiloh in May, 1862. Later, the confederates tried to recapture the town and the railroads in October of the same year but were defeated. Another key point about the importance of railroads in the Civil War was that the North 's more extensive
On this day April 14th,1865 as the nation came into a tragedy as Abraham Lincoln the 16th president if the United States was assassinated making him the first U.S. president to be assassinated. Abraham Lincoln’s cruel assassination was unjustified because he issued the Emancipation Proclamation, allowed black soldiers to fight for the union, and was a strong supporter of the 13th Amendment that ended slavery; However Abraham Lincoln’s decision ended the Confederate Army, and made the president a threat to sympathizers. President Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, which sets the freedom of more than 3 million black slaves in the United States and change the Civil War as a fight against slavery. He signed the Proclamation because
On November 19, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln gave a speech that, unbeknownst to him, would become one of the most recognized speeches in the history of the United States. The empowering speech was given in the midst of the gruesome civil war that began between the north and the south over the long-conflicted morality of slavery. Through one of the most highly remembered speeches of our history, The Gettysburg Address, Lincoln commemorates the dead and wounded soldiers at the site of the battle in Gettysburg through references to history, unificating diction and metaphors of life and death to unite the nation in a time of separation and provide a direction for the future of the country. Lincoln begins his essay utilizing historical references in order to illustrate to the public the basis of what the nation was founded upon. Through this, he reminds Americans the morals and ideals that the people are willing to spill blood for.
Thus, as soon as Abraham Lincoln was elected President, word spread in the South that Lincoln was going to use powers from the federal government to put a legal end to slavery. Thus, the Northerners would be overpowering the Southerners, who apparently, would have no more voice anymore in this debate--thus, they would not have the incommensurate influence they once had. One of the immediate causes of the Civil War was when seven Southern states (South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas) declared secession, thus formally removing themselves from being part of the United States; they elected Jefferson Davis as their president, and all this took place before Lincoln became president and could do anything about the matter. Another one of the causes of the Civil War was the reaction from the decision of the Dred Scott case, which stated that African-Americans, whether they were slaves or free, did not have the ability to become American citizens, and thus did not have the same rights as the American citizen (such as the right to sue in federal court). Also, Supreme Court Chief Justice Taney declared that states did not have the right to prevent a slaveholder from residing within a free state and practicing slavery there, practically allowing for slavery to take place across
Abraham Lincoln was born in a log cabin in Hardin Country, Kentucky on February 12, 1809. On January 1, 1863, Lincoln delivered his the Emancipation Proclamation, re-shaping the cause of the Civil War from saving the Union to abolishing slavery. The Emancipation Proclamation stated that all individuals who were held as slaves shall be freed. On November 19, 1863, Lincoln delivered his most famous
The Battle of Gettysburg was a critical moment for both sides as they fought for different reasons but both aimed for success. More than 50,000 men were either killed in action or were wounded by each other. Gettysburg Address was presented by Abraham Lincoln which freed slaves that were behind enemy lines. Grant was a true leader and hero to the Union as he led them to many triumphs. Lee and the confederates raised the white flag and surrendered in Virginia and the civil war was over.
The institution of slavery was a major cause for the Civil War, since “free states” and Slave states” were vying for land and voting rights in Congress in the new territories in the west that were recently acquired by the United States. The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 was meant to evenly divided free states and slaves states in the hopes that either side would be satiated, and the two sides could reach a compromise on this issue. However, free states politicians, such as Senator Lincoln, defined the underlying basis of perpetual conflict in the speech “A House Divided”, which would set the tone for a larger military conflict between the North and the South. More so, Lincoln’s presidency shows a massive increase in presidential powers, which allowed Lincoln to unconstitutionally declare war against the Confederacy for seceding from the Union. In addition to this military power, Lincoln also suspended the writ of habeas corpus to deny a trial for soldiers and officers caught in the battles that ensued during the war.
Since Johnson was a Democrat, he ignored his republican congress and enacted his lenient plan. Although Johnson’s plan allowed the South join the union fairly faster than the Wade-Davis Bill, the republicans still had great power and presence against the southern democrats. The republican’s had obtained such a large portion of congress that the republicans would have impeached president Johnson. However that power became short lived, as the Southern democrats were able to regain power in event of the compromise of 1868. With the compromise the Republicans won the presidential election, but the southern democrats were finally able to regain their power in the state governments and drown out the southern republicans.
Brief Summary Ulysses S. Grant’s armies approached on Vicksburg, surrounding the city and entrapping a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. On July 4, Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations. This was the climax of one of the most brilliant campaigns of the war. With the loss of Pemberton’s army and this critical fortress on the Mississippi River, the Confederacy was effectively split in half. Grant’s triumph in the West raised by his reputation, leading eventually to his arrangement as General-in-Chief of the Union armies.The battle of Vicksburg was waged for only 47 days, during May and June of 1863.
During the Reconstruction Era which took place between the years of 1865-1877, has marked one of the most powerful years throughout history. The union won the civil war in favor of the north, the Emancipation Proclamation was established a few years back, and slavery was abolished in the southern states which gave blacks equal rights and opportunities as others. Then, a fearless and rebellious group was created. This group was founded in Tennessee in 1866 and had huge disapproval for civil rights towards the blacks. They named themselves the Ku Klux Klan.