Presently, the very foundation of the EU is under the threat due to nationalism, which has risen in prominence and popularity in the context of rising inequality, immigration of people of not only different ethnicities but also different religions, economic crises, terrorism, and shortcomings of EU system of governance. Far right groups have gained prominence in most if not all European countries. In France, Marine Le Pen, the leader of the National Front party despite her loss in the recent French presidential election remains at the center of national attention. She opposes globalization and immigration as well as European Union membership of France. Nigel Farage, a right wing
Nationalism is the idea that a people who have much in common, such as language, culture and within the same location ought to organize in such a way that it creates a stable and enduring state. Nationalism is tied to patriotism, and it is the driving force behind the identity of a culture. Nationalism had many effects in Europe from 1815, The Congress of Vienna and beyond. Nationalism brings people together in a way and people can feel belong to something. Factors include Prince Metternich, the middle class in countries get involved, and ideas of imperialism and many others brought people together as one to be called nationalism.
After 1850, it became apparent that interests in overseas empires was ultimately inevitable as Europe began to industrialize and gain military and technological power. European powers became dangerously ambitious towards the end of the 19th century as each sought to establish its prominence. As European empires competed with each other for world dominance, the powers were inspired to display industrial strength and economic dominance. European powers sought to claim overseas empires after 1850 with hopes of retaining national and economic power through expansion and exploitation of resources. The desire to expand in overseas empires grew as competition became a driving force among major European powers.
Germany was jealous of and felt threatened by Britain 's huge empire. In 1898 years before the war break out; Germany had begun to build up their navies. Britain, who saw this as threat, responded by designing and building the 'dreadnought ', a fast and dangerous warship. With both Germany and Britain building up their defenses, tensions would grow higher, and countries could feel threatened by a large empire such as Britain gaining on even larger army. Into the bargain, imperialism which refers to a country that increases its power and wealth by bringing additional territories under its control.
This new period of Weimar swapped the ‘Years of Crisis’ ’ hyperinflation, and political and social violence for stability, economic security and improved living standards. This ‘Golden Age’ had also allowed for Weimar to become a centre of artistic innovation, great creativity, and considerable experimentation. This conversion from the ‘Years of Crisis’ to the ‘Golden Age’ demonstrates the impact of internationalism on Weimar Germany. The impact of nationalism on Weimar Germany was more significant than any other factors,
This fall caused fear in Europeans. An anticipation of spreading Christianity was also a major factor in causing exploration. Similarly, mercantilism also pushed Europeans to explore the world by causing Europeans to pursuit wealth. The accomplishments of the Age of Exploration also brought a European Golden Age known as the Renaissance. An intensification of Europe’s wealth and power, the rise of financial institutions, and social vicissitudes all rehabilitated into the
Nationalism was closely tied to liberalism in that exponentials of both ideologies demanded far reaching political change that threatened the state system of Central Europe. Nationalism is the belief that one’s greatest loyalty should not be to a king or empire but to a nation of people who share a common culture language and history .Nationalism touched nearly every country in Europe in the first half of the 19thCentuary but it was not until after 1848 that it really began to At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, representatives from all the allies who had defeated Napoleon Austria, Russia, Prussia and Great Britain came together to try and provide a long term peace plan for Europe. They hoped that by settling the issues that had arouse during the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars that they could stop Europe being shaken by further Revolutions. They drew a map of Europe that lasted for several generations. “What became known as the Congress system restored the principle of dynastic legitimacy and the balance of international power in Europe” .
They were highly motivated in attracting foreign helpto generate more work. Furthermore, they were united under the name of nationalism and strived to developing the country. Other successful cases of nationalism can be seen in other nations as well. Using examples of Britain and Germany would be excellent. They were able to fight off foreign attacks or intrusion effectively by using nationalism to strengthen national identity.
Nationalism enabled nations to rise to unprecedented heights; in modern days, nationalism weighs down nations, dragging them into a pit of violence and economic decay. Nationalism in a globalized world can and will continue to exist, but its continued presence will only serve to hinder nations, causing unnecessary friction and hostility across the globe. However, As an international community, we must focus on peace and cooperation rather than competition and animosity; our greatest successes—economic, diplomatic, scientific, and otherwise—will be made possible when there will be a balanced approach towards Nationalism and Globalization. As Albert Einstein once argued, "nationalism is an infantile disease. It is the measles of mankind."
The sharp increase in literacy broke the monopoly of the literate elite on education and learning and bolstered the emerging middle class. Across Europe, the increasing cultural self-awareness of its peoples led to the rise of proto-nationalism, and accelerated by the development of European vernacular