In his more specific discourse on the nature of happiness, Aristotle comes to the conclusion that happiness lies in the contemplative life because “contemplation is the highest form of activity” (Aristotle 268). Aristotle views the activities of the mind to be the most sophisticated element of human life, and thus he believes the greatest good must come from the greatest aspect of life. In this view of happiness, Aristotle assumes that “happiness is an activity in accordance with virtue,” and that in order to live the contemplative life, one must also live a morally virtuous life (Aristotle 270). This connection between morality and contemplation coincides with Aristotle’s view of the superiority of contemplation over all other human activities. Aristotle asserts that contemplation in and of itself is separate from virtue, but that “in so far as he is a human being and a member of society [the contemplative man] chooses to act in accordance with virtue” (Aristotle 274).
Eudaimonia is commonly recognized as the chief good. Aristotle discusses four central views which are vital to eudaimonia being the ultimate human good. First, one must live a life bestowing to one’s function. Second, natural, honorable activity is essential for one to live a life of happiness. Third, one needs external goods such as wealth, power and friends in order to be happy.
To Schopenhauer, happiness cannot be understood if the elements of its ' absence are not understood. Many comprehend life to be a balancing act, that these elements equalize the fulfillment of want and desire with suffering and misfortune. The same individuals would then assume that life because it carries these harmonizing features, is positively good. Because many believe life is presented as "good", suffering bestows itself as an exception or aberration to the general rule of life whereas, Schopenhauer believes it to be the other way around. He believes that life is defined by pain, drudgery, calamity, desire and that the moments of pleasure and joy are the exception to life.
Brave New World Essay Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World develops the idea that profound happiness requires free will and effort (L’Heureux). This idea is expressed through symbolism, character, and satire. Soma symbolizes a shallow and effortless happiness underscoring the need for effort in finding profound happiness (L’Heureux). Additionally, Bernard’s withdrawn and troubled character highlights the need for free will in achieving profound happiness (L’Heureux). Finally, the Bokanovsky’s Process satires a government 's attempt to create stability by eliminating free will, thus underscoring the importance of free will in finding profound happiness (L’Heureux).
People do not act good without knowing that there is some kind of benefit in it for them. "I deny a providence, you say, and supreme governor of the world, who guides the course of events, and punishes the vicious with infamy and disappointment, and rewards the virtuous with honour and success, in all their undertakings. But surely, I deny not the course itself of events, which lies open to every one 's inquiry and examination. I acknowledge, that, in the present order of things, virtue is attended with more peace of mind than vice, and meets with a more favourable reception from the world. I am sensible, that, according to the past experience of mankind, friendship is the chief joy of human life, and moderation the only source of tranquillity and happiness."
The reader can acknowledge how Singer believes that the primary source of living a meaningful life, is love. Within his novel, the Pursuit of Love, Irving Singer discusses how love is the central definition of what meaning is, as well as further analyzes how love is not a desire to be loved. Nonetheless, Irving Singer would claim that life is not meaningless because humans search for meaning within all aspects of our existence. By solely being alive, individuals find the things that matter to them; therefore, whatever we as individuals believe “matters,” is a prerequisite for our life because it will bring happiness. Irving Singer’s optimistic theories make him an ideal philosopher because he offers an immense amount of insight by discussing how we can add meaning to our lives.
When an individual uses soma, they become overwhelmed in happiness and all of the negativity disappears from their life. Some characters depend on soma, while others abstain from it because they want to be able to own their mind and feel what real happiness is. The characters who maintain their own control have the ability to threaten the stable society, because not everyone will be exactly how the government wants them to be. Huxley used soma to satirize people who allow stimulants to create happiness by avoiding their problems, because true happiness can only be obtained through control over a person’s own mind. In order to retain a thriving society, the citizens must sacrifice control over their emotions and individual thoughts so
Okeosis drives living beings to strive for self-preservation, focusing on what is most important through constant continuation. Self-preservation is the value that enhances the good of living beings. The actions and choices of living beings are transformed by thought which in turn changes physical ideology. Ethics is what makes humans do what they think is right in order to avoid what might cause harm. Being “selfish or self-centered is the basis for all stoic ethics.” Stoicism originated from a philosophy which evolved and became a part of religious teachings.
We, as a society, live our lives based on the ideal of pursuing success alongside the virtue of achieving eudaimonia, or happiness. Indeed, through personal contemplative reflection, one’s subjective interpretation of success materializes through the recognition of one’s personal virtues attained over their lifetime. Throughout time, humans have aspired for success, using their means in order to achieve their goals in effort of reaching an overall, complete state of happiness. In determining the aspects which lead to personal success, one must assess the ways in which one vicariously lives their life. Through the account of Rollins College AVP of Strategic Partnerships, Sam Stark, I will appraise the extent of his success by way of analyzing the biological factors, the psychological factors, and the social factors which encompass his narrative.
Pursuing a career in a field that we love is a dream that all of us have, but with this ideal situation, a couple questions arise. Will it provide a supportive income? Doing what makes us happy versus doing what is economical: Which outweighs the other? According to Steve Jobs, in his 2005 speech “Do What You Love”, it is important to do what we love and worry about the income later. Jobs states, “...have the courage to follow your heart and intuition.