C.S. Lewis narrates a sermon called, Learning in War-time, where he articulates why people should learn during times of war. Lewis’ reasons as to why we should be educating ourselves, despite negative circumstances includes: humankind always being in a state of crisis, if mankind postpones searching for knowledge until life is secure for everyone, the search will never begin, we need to learn in order to have knowledge and skill when combatting bad philosophy, and surrendering yourself to only one cause, like the war, removes you from God. First of all, Lewis elucidates that some Christians scorn others for not devoting all their time to religious activities, and that to answer bad philosophy there must be knowledge of what constitutes as good philosophy. Notably, Lewis makes two separate points, but they connect to one another; for it’s bad philosophy if Christians believe that the only way to glorify God is by participating in religious activities.
Calvin, the founder of Calvinism, wrote that science is an art that “unfolds the admirable wisdom of God” (Doc 2). This shows that while the Church disapproves of science, it can still help people understand the phenomena that occur in the Bible, and consequently, strengthen people’s religious beliefs. Calvin supported both religion and science and believed they should not conflict with one another. Bacon, one of the contributors to the scientific method, wrote that the goal of science was “that human life be endowed with new discoveries and powers” (Doc 4). This shows that the intention of science was to help people understand the world, not to cause harm to others.
Bertrand Russell, a British philosopher, says "Religion is based primarily and mainly upon fear... Fear is the basis of the whole thing – fear of the mysterious, fear of defeat, fear of death"(Carlisle). Thus, when everything is controlled by religion in the society it would also mean it is controlled by fear. Religion creates an excuse for anything they do and fear of going against what religion is telling people to do makes them very easy to manipulate. Gilead is proof that how people change the religion, Bible in this case, in order for it to fit their narrative and use it to oppress others.
Ironically, the foundation of Burgess’ argument is laid towards the end of the book, on page 203. This allusion describes how God, or Bog as our anti-hero Alex calles him, is supervising everything that is happening and how he is holding events to their course. In this same page, Burgess, through Alex, describes people as being like wind up toys set in motion by God to bump into obstacles and find their path. Based on this passage, Burgess seems to believe that God set things in motion in a purposeful way, and that he created people with free will so that they could go out and exercise it and find their way in life. Using allusions to God’s omnipotence, Burgess lays out his belief that it is God’s intention for humans to have free
This method is supportive of Descartes’s will to emphasis on doubt and question anything that can be doubted. Thus, he demonstrates the presence of God through a chain of consequences ‘Causal proof’. Because of the law of conservation of matter, the cause must equal the effect, if we have an idea of God than this idea is the effect and God is the cause (Gaarder, 2003). Therefore, the idea we have of God is an innate idea that we did not produce ourselves. Accordingly, he expresses that as a result of his innate thoughts of God, it only makes sense that it be God who "is the reason for this thought".
According to the book of Third Isaiah, “The Lord rejects fasting that is accompanied by oppression (v.3) and strife (v.4).” (Ackerman 1037). In this context, the people cannot expect that one action done in good intention, fasting, will be accepted when their actions of oppression say another thing. Finally, in the book of Third Isaiah, the prophet emphasizes that even if a worshipper participates in appropriate actions alongside inappropriate ones, both will be condemned (Isaiah 66.3-4). More generally, one good action cannot cover up the bad one, because intention matters just as much as the action
Through this allusion, Adams portrays the message that one needs to face great adversity before they can become great. Due to the treacherous journey her son is about to go on, this allusion would instill confidence in his abilities. Another allusion found in Adams’ letter is the allusion to God and heaven. “War, tyranny, and desolation are the scourges of the Almighty…” (Lines 41-42). This reference to God would help instill faith in her fearful son and repeat the message that all men go through dangers before they are great.
This matters because hazel motes kills solace to prove his point that if you don't believe in christ you aren't a sinner. Motes view on religion is that if you don't believe in christ those rules and regulations don't apply to him because he believes the opposite and he decides for himself that there are no rules in his “Church Without Christ”. Another example of religion in the novel Wise blood by Flannery O’Connor for example "Listen," he said, "get this: I don't believe in anything.” “I don't have to say it but once to nobody,” Haze said. The driver closed his mouth and after a second he returned the piece of cigar to it. “That's the trouble with you preachers,” he said.
The use of irony is present in the idea that what the church has taught Billy Collins is truly irrelevant in how he perceives religion, and how their strong hold no longer affects him. For example, the poem states in its very first sentence, “ the only one you ever hear is how many angels can dance on the head of a pin. ” (1). This symbolises the strong control the church has over the questions that are posed about religion. There are also phrases such as “No curiosity”, and “ Throne chanting in Latin.”, which is meant to show that the church is killing individual 's curiosity about expanding their own knowledge in religion, in order to be dependent on the church for their interpretation of religion, and worshiping.
Of the four categories of argument for the existence of God, the inductive and the cosmological arguments are the most persuasive. These arguments are effective because they utilize reason based on psychological patterns and scientific principles. Undeniable psychological patterns have been recorded to exist amongst the human race, and with these patterns, arguments can be made from a psychological viewpoint. One such argument is the beneficial effects of religious belief on people. Why would believing in a higher power create a positive effect on people if there was not any truth behind the belief?