Sadly, Arthur died, but King Henry VII, not wanting to make Catherine’s father angry arranged a marriage between Catherine and his next son Henry VIII. When Henry VIII came to the throne he wanted to be a powerful king throughout Europe. For the first two years of his reign, he took a non military approach like his father, but after this he began to take a more confrontational approach. One of his main aims was to win back land in France conquered by Henry V and to lay a claim to the French throne. Sadly, he did not achieve this and did not have enough resources to defeat the French while they had a wide range of resources at their disposal.
“With the country on the edge of political outbreak he advocated for a governing body representing three social classes, suddenly violence broke out and he was in charge of protecting his royal family” (Biography.com 2). After this he fled the country, but was taken by Australian forces and didn 't return to France until 1799. Even when he was back in France he still felt like he should keep a low profile just to be sure he wouldn 't be caught. Finally in 1830 when King Charles the tenth was overthrown he could come out of hiding. As he came out of hiding he was offered the job to become dictator but turned the offer down.
Following the Battle of Bosworth of 1485, it was indisputable that Henry needed to establish new means of controlling the size and power of the nobility to levels which posed no threat to the throne. The Wars of the Roses 1455-85 resulted in 30 years of instability for England and thus Henry’s accession to the throne saw him take control of a fragmented country in which the crown was weak yet the nobility strong. Henry initially diluted noble power through the Act of Attainder which seized the titles and possessions of nobles suspected of disloyalty whilst simultaneously ensuring obedience as members of the nobility stood to lose everything should they be attained. Moreover, Henry was prepared to reverse an attainder if it would secure future loyalty evident in the fact that of the 138 attainders passed, 46 were later reversed.
One of the most prominent examples of resistance to absolute monarchy came, in England, where King and Parliament struggled to determine the roles each should play in governing England (Duiker 2013). After the death of Queen Elizabeth I in 1603, the Stuart line of rulers was inaugurated with the accession to the throne of Elizabeth’s cousin, King James VI of Scotland. James I (1603-1625) espoused the divine right of kings, a viewpoint that alienated Parliament, which had grown accustomed under previous rulers to act on the premise that monarch and Parliament together ruled England as balanced polity (Duiker 2013). The Puritans were alienated by the king as well, which wasn’t a wise decision. The Puritans were the Protestants within the Anglican
Henry I (c. 1068 – 1135) was King of England from 1100 to 1135. After his dad, William the Conqueror, kicked the bucket in 1087, Henry's more seasoned siblings Robert and William Rufus acquired Normandy and England, individually, while Henry was landless. He grabbed the English throne after William Rufus' demise in 1100, and Robert attacked England to claim it. A settlement between the two affirmed Henry as ruler, yet it was brief; Henry attacked Normandy and crushed Robert. Henry's control of Normandy was tested by William Clito, Robert's child, and a disobedience came
Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar is my role model for many reasons. He was born a minor noble in the Kingdom of Castile in the mid-1000s and rose to be the very influential ruler of Valencia.He is a national hero of Spain and helped greatly in the unification of Spain. He treated Muslims and Catholics equally, while still helping greatly in the Reconquista. And though it was likely that he wouldn't have been remembered by history whatsoever, he made a lasting impact in history and helped a war-torn country unify under his king, who he remained loyal to despite being banished from Castile several times, only to be called back when he was needed. Rodrigo Diaz was named the Champion of Castile and chosen to lead the Kingdom's armies to war against the King's brother, King Sancho of Leon, who had declared war on him to take his brother's lands by force.
1. What were the differences between the reign of Paul I and the reign of Alexander I? Paul I receded from the coalition who were fighting Napoleon and this may be one of the starkest differences between Paul I and Alexander I as Alexander I reenlisted Russia into the efforts being made to fight Napoleon when he became czar. Additionally, Paul I ruled more like his father than his mother, Catherine, however, Alexander I determined and announced to rule like Catherine. Alexander also worked to restore privileges that Paul had taken away during his reign.
He created a system to support his kingdom and make it thrive. Also, he brought outside knowledge to his kingdom to ensure it grows. He had a close relationship with the churches which gave him the success in his conquest. When combining all of these factors, it shows that he is one of the greatest kings in European history. The reason that Charlemagne was the most powerful king of all of Europe was because of his leadership and character as a king.
This crusade was declared by Pope Eugenius III in 1147 after it became apparent the crusader states were still under threat of Muslim invasion. The Second crusade was led by King Conrad III of Germany and King Louis VII of France. (Source 5)The kings planned to march into Anatolia to push back the Turkish armies and provide reinforcements for the crusader states and once again solidifying the presences of Christianity in the Middle East however this would be difficult due to many knights having died during the first crusade. Both kings were eventually defeated by the Turks and called off the crusade in 1149 without making any significant achievements during their time crusading (Source 7). The second crusade was uneventful compared to other crusades and is considered a failure due to the lack of communication between King Conrad and King Louis, the defeat effected Europe in that it damaged their economy, many soldiers died on the journey and the crusade created internal turmoil.
After the Treaty of Paris in 1763, which ended the Seven Years War between the French and the British as well as all of their allies, the French lost claim to all of their land. The English being the winners of the war claimed the majority, and what they did not seize was given to the Spanish for their support and help in the war. In 1802 France and Spain signed a secret treaty called The Treaty Of Ildefonso. Once the treaty was fulfilled, Spain gave the Louisiana territory back to France (“Background”). Napoleon had interest in Louisiana for the purpose mainly to ship supplies to the French colonies in the Caribbean islands but also as a source of food and trade.
John refused and in April 1204, Philip Augustus began to prepare for more attacks on John 's land; it was decreed that John had defied a feudal superior, so was no longer entitled to his lands. John 's marriage to Isabella was highly controversial, and made John a great deal of enemies in France. For this reason, it could be argued that John was to blame for the loss of Normandy, due to the fact that he would have been fully aware of Isabella 's betrothal to Hugh le Brun, and had the chance, which he did not take, to resolve matters with Hugh by meeting with Philip Augustus. In fact, many historians may hold the view that John 's stubbornness and undiplomatic nature had a huge part to play in the loss of Normandy, and that 'John made errors in refusing to attend Philip 's court. ' (Dicken, Holland &
King Philip came to be ruler after his father died. King Philip built the EL Escorial palace. King Philip wanted to invade England, so he made the Spanish Armada. The Spanish Armada consisted of 130 fighting ships. He lost in the battle with England though, and lost territory of Spain in 1588.
The Magna Carta was effectively dead by 1216, but it gained new life in the early years of the reign of Henry III. In November 1216, a revised version of the Magna Carta was issued in his name, and another version the following year, after the French had been expelled from England. The Magna Carta is regarded to as the foundation of democracy in England. It limited the circumstances under which the King could raise money without the consent of the people. The 1225 verison of the magna Carta had been granted explicitly in return for a payment of tax by the whole kingdom, and this paved the way for the first summons of Parliament is 1265, to approve the granting of taxation.
The Magna Carta, or ‘The Great Charter’, was a peace treaty drawn up by King John of England in the year 1215 to stop civil war by some rebel barons. Unfortunately, the treaty did not work as planned, however it did, for the first time, establish a thought that everyone, including the king, were subject to the law of the land. This document helped to create a new way of how the king treated his people. The US Constitution’s Bill of Rights was influenced by this document. The 4th amendment’s notion that unlawful search and seizure, the 5th amendment’s protection from loss of life, liberty, and property, the 6th amendment’s right to a speedy, jury trial, and the 10th amendment’s delegation of state rights were all directly grandfathered by the