(History in Hiroshima) The meeting between them is very marked by the recriminations and the great suspicions between the Americans and the Soviets. The large Russian armies that were occupying most of Eastern Europe. “Truman and many of his advisers hoped that the United States atomic monopoly might offer diplomatic leverage with the Soviets.”(WWII Part 4) In this way, the explosion of the atomic bomb in Japan can be seen as the first of many shots of the Cold War. (The Hiroshima Bombing) If all US officials really believed that they could use their great atomic monopoly to gain more diplomatic advantage, they had very little time to put their plan into action and do it successfully. In 1949, the Soviets had developed their own atomic bomb and began the nuclear arms
The Manhattan Project was a task directed by physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer, director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Scientists constructed and tested their new tool to help guide America into victory against the Japanese. Their apparatus was a relatively simple gun-type fission weapon made using uranium-235. On impact, the device would trigger a massive explosion, obliterating any tools or supplies that the Japanese had. The United States was strategic on every level.
Harry S. Truman and His Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb Harry S. Truman once said, “Carry the battle to them. Don’t let them bring it to you.” In World War II, that is exactly what he did. While Japan was breaking treaties and fighting with allied countries, the United States was developing a powerful weapon that would cripple Japan and end World War II. This weapon was called the atomic bomb. After it was fully developed and tested, Harry S. Truman made the decision to drop this deadly weapon on two cities in Japan, Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
As stated in document A, President Truman believed that it was his duty as president to use every weapon available to save American lives. By making the decision to employ atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, it successfully brought an end to World War II. Now, while these bombs did ultimately spare thousands of American lives, it did also put an end to about 200,000 lives as shown in document E. Document A stated that Admiral William Leahy, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, opposed using the bomb because it killed civilians indiscriminately. He believed that an economic blockade and conventional bombing would convince Japan to surrender. As an opposite end of the spectrum though Truman’s advisor, James Byrnes thought that the use of “the A-bombs would not only cause Japan to surrender, but also impress the Soviet Union, and hopefully stop its expansion” (Doc C).
Was America Justified in dropping the atom bomb on Hiroshima in August 1945? On August 6th, 1945 at 8:16 AM, a great yet horrific event in history occurred. This event is known as the dropping of the atom bomb on the city of Hiroshima, Japan, the event that would begin and end the pain and suffering of millions. The atom bomb was dropped by an American B-29 Superfortress bomber named Enola Gay and the bomb’s code name was “Little Boy”. Three days later, on August 9th, 1945, America dropped another bomb on Nagasaki with the code name “Fat Man”.
The state of war was approved 82-0 in congress. The Navy sent B-17 bombers over sea to weaken the Jap Navy. ( "1941,Pearl harbor bombed" ). Americans hoped that the bombs that they dropped on the Japanese factories, warehouses, and Naval ports. About three years later the Americans would send a B-17 over to Hiroshima and would drop a nuclear bomb now known as the A-bomb.
The article “Teens Against Hitler” by Lauren Tarshis, describes the great challenges Ben, his family, and many other Jewish families faced over the rule of Adolf Hitler and the Nazis amid World War II. History Since the end of World War II in 1918 Germany had been struggling, and their community was in no condition for war (6). But, Hitler took power by tapping into those feelings, and declared that Germans were superior to everyone else (6). Adolf Hitler was plotting the annihilation of Europe’s 9.5 million
congress was clear that the Japanese would battle until the very end and chose to utilize atomic bombs to persuade the Japanese to surrender (“The Bombing”). A decision was made to drop a massive bomb that was only tested. President Truman’s decision to authorize the atomic bomb ‘Little Boy’ at Hiroshima. He had had a strong belief that dropping an atomic bomb seemed to be the only way to decrease the number in lives that were being lost in the U.S. Truman defended the nuclear bombings, guaranteeing that shortening the war, possibly sparing a large number of American lives, and vengeance were the fundamental reasons he permitted the bombs to be dropped. (“The Bombing”).
"Harrison Bergeron" by Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. is a satirical short story in which Vonnegut implies, if society interprets equality literally, there would be no significance between humans. The protagonist Harrison has escaped from prison and his parents Hazel and George are watching the program he appears upon, as he insists he is an emperor and the first female to rebel will be his empress. Following this rant he discards his handicaps making him appear god like. Soon after, the Handicapper General kills the emperor and his empress with a "double-barrelled ten-gauge shotgun"(pg. 64).
Japan was weakening, “The food situation gradually becoming worse and worse…” Stated in source H. America had many industrial resources to use against Japan and so Japan had essentially been defeated. Japan pushed only for the sake of their countries honour as the shame of unconditional surrender goes against their code of honour. Furthermore a warning was given to Japan with America promising to drop the atomic bomb, however there was no evidence and so it could have easily been deemed a bluff. An American nuclear scientist stated, “A demonstration of the bomb best be made… Japan could then be asked to surrender.” This source seems somewhat reliable as it is from one of the American scientists and they would know the strength of the bomb. With a demonstration it would for one, give the Japanese proof of the bomb and two, show them how destructive the bomb is.
Soon after its invention, President Harry S. Truman decided to use this atomic warfare against Japan. The President justified his actions by claiming that he “used it in order to shorten the agony of war, in order to save the lives of thousands and thousands of young Americans.” (Long). However; Japan was inching closer and closer to surrender. Furthermore, no one was knowledgeable of the aftereffects such a “weapon”
July 16, 1939, Einstein 's letter. But, before his letter, President Truman 's decided to drop an atomic bomb that shook the world. The historians are conversing the use of the bomb on live population. With a few doubts, the United states developed a weapon before the war has even begun. This would not have happened if it wasn’t for a Hungarian physicist named Leo Szilard and Albert Einstein.
Leo Szilard "A Petition to the President of the United States" article, published in Atomicarchive.com. 2011. Web. 11 May 2012, Szilard express concern regarding the use of the atomic bomb against Japan fearing what type of repercussions will bring to the welfare of the American Nation. Szilard a pioneer in the field of atomic power with 59 of his fellow scientist understands how this new type of power will be evolving continuously with the course of its development.
He became the first President to use the atomic bomb when he ordered the attack of Japan`s two cities Hiroshima, and Nagasaki. The weight of his decision, debated as reasonable or otherwise, understandably troubled him, and influenced his choices leaning toward the reduction of arms; for both the United States and the Soviet Union. He took actions similar to Carl von Clausewitz`s ideas on limited warfare and force in his attempts to resolve Cold War problems, though there was never proof to that he was directly inspired by Clausewitz. Limited warfare would require the nations to withhold their power to a degree in order to maintain the health of society, and assure that the world would not receive any damage that it could not possibly recover from. The Soviets` did not agree to most of Truman`s suggestions to ease the tension, however.
After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands, President Truman dropped two atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. Since then, there has been arguments whether the bombs should have been dropped or not. President Truman’s choice to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was really the only option he had back then. Today, the bombs that President Truman dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki is thought as a horrible event, but Truman dropped the bombs to save American and Japanese lives, and in the end, shortened the war. Before President Truman decidecd to drop the two atomic bombs, the war with the Japanese had no end insight.