Also, we can see from the text that Odysseus has defied death multiple times with requires a lot of cleverness. Another example of Odysseus’s dishonesty helping him is in the quote,” My name is Nohbdy… Nohbdy, Nohbdy tricked me… ah well, if nobody has played you foul there in your lonely bed, we are no use in pain given by great Zeus… So saying they trailed away,”(Applebee, 906). In the quote Odysseus uses his cleverness to trick the cyclops into telling the other cyclopes that “nobody” is hurting him. This allows him and his men to not be found or hurt by all the other cyclopes. Another example takes place immediately after Odysseus tricks the cyclops into saying his name is “nobody” in the quote,”I tied them silently together, twining cord of willow from the ogre’s bed; then slung a men under each middle one to ride there safely, shielded left and right.
“First, for the god’s sake, then this hope you give me of children – for I’ve quite despaired of my own powers. This then is what I’ll do: once you get to Athens, I’ll keep my promise and protect you.” [KING AEGEUS p39 lines…..] The phrase “for the god’s sake” imply that Medea is stronger than the gods in the sense that she is able to cure him of his infertility where the Gods were unable to which demonstrates the hypocritical nature in which Gods are worshipped and idolized by Athenians. The noun “despaired” connotes the idea that King Aegeus has had complete loss or absence of hope in his own powers, which is those of a King, the highest in the kingdom of mortals. Instead of accepting Medea’s offer to treat his infertility, King Aegeus had many more options yet he chose Medea, which shows the reliance of a powerful being who depends on an outsider, a woman to treat his problems: “quite despaired of my own powers”. Semantic field of the diction “promise” once again echoes the importance of oaths as a sacred act before the gods and the importance of the “protect[ion]” he would provide for Medea when she reaches Athens.
After telling the Trojans of how he escaped the sacrifice of his own death, Sinon asks the Trojan’s to pity him. Quivering, Sinon says, “I beg you, therefore, by the High ones, by / the powers that know the truth, and by whatever / still uncontaminated trust is left / to mortals, pity my hard trials, piety / a soul that carries undeserved sorrows” (II, 199-204). Sinon connects with the Trojan’s by proving that he too believes in the gods; therefore, creating another similarity between him and the Trojan’s. By using ethos, Sinon established his credibility and a common enemy with the
A key difference between the two characters is the ego contrast. Beowulf, from beginning to end showed nothing but modesty. He single handedly managed to rip off Grendel’s arm, yet he didn’t boast the slightest bit. Theseus on the other hand grew egotistical after saving the Athenians from the Minotaur, and from there on he seemed to believe he was the bravest king alive, “Am I not the bravest king alive? Look what I did to the Amazons!
So much for heroism. So much for the harvest-virgin. So much, also, for the alternative visions of blind old poets and dragons. Grendel, p. 90 Unferth's failure to prove his heroic ideal a reality puts Grendel in an even more cynical mood than before. He considers the Scyldings' tales of amazing feats and superhuman bravery to be little more than fables, barely fit for little children.
Henry Ward Beecher states, “A prideful man is seldom a grateful man, for he never thinks he gets as much as he deserves.” Odysseus’s whole reason to keep going is to make it back to his family, but through the 10 years he proves to the reader that he is a braggart and is prideful in his winnings. Odysseus is not a hero for he lets his pride blind his judgment ending in death all around him. Page 996 stanza 456, “I would not heed them in my glorying spirit but let my anger flare.” (Homer 445). Odysseus is telling the king of Phaeacian that after the destruction of the cyclops eye he was on his ship leaving. He called back to cyclops baiting him out of prideful anger.
1. “‘The ancient teachers of this science,’ said he, ‘promised impossibilities, and performed nothing. The modern masters promise very little they know that metals cannot be transmuted, and that the elixir of life is a chimera. But these philosophers, whose hands seem only made to dabble in dirt, and their eyes to pore over the microscope or crucible, have indeed performed miracles” (74). —The word “he” refers to M. Waldman, a man who the narrator refers to as “short” and his voice as “sweetest I ever heard”.
Because of Odysseus’s sharp intellect, cunningness, and with the help from the gods, he finishes the heroes’ journey. Odysseus’s main flaw in The Odyssey is his pride and not being able to control his crew. Test, allies, and enemies happen when Odysseus blinds Polyphemus who is the son of Poseidon. When Odysseus and his crew first found Polyphemus’s cave they could’ve just stolen food or left but instead Odysseus wanted to stay and receive a gift. After his men and him escapes unnecessarily losing two men in the process, Odysseus taunts Polyphemus which leads to him saying “ Hear me Poseidon, sustainer of the earth, god of sable locks.
Equality’s tunnel resembles Plato’s cave, and the Scholars represent those still not in reality. In fact, “The Council of Scholars has said that we all know the things which exist and therefore the things which are not known by all do not exist,” a mindset parallel to those unaware of reality (52). Equality travels to the Home of Scholars, attempting to bring them into the light, yet just as those in the Plato’s Allegory, the Scholars do not believe him. It is not until after Equality escapes into the forest, however, that he leaves the cave of morality: “We remembered we are the Damned. We remembered it and laughed” he jested (80).
Winston Churchill once said: “All men make mistakes, but only wise men learn from their mistakes.” The Greek tragedy Antigone by Sophocles depicts this message through the use of a tragic hero. Tragic heroes are excellent examples of people who have become wiser through their struggling, and they can be used to teach others how to do the same, even in modern society. Sophocles develops the tragic hero Creon to be a very human character with wise intentions, but one who has too much pride, which ultimately leads to his downfall. However, this tragedy alerts Creon of his personality flaw, so that he can change for the better, and assure that others will not fall down his path. Man’s role as a tragic hero is to produce a mimesis that educates