Betty Smith was one of the most influential writers of her time, and her works impacted American culture in several ways. Betty Smith was born on December 15, 1896 in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. In Jones’s article (1994), Jones describes Smith’s childhood as “a childhood and youth at once poor in material terms, but rich in experience.” Smith’s father was an actor, but died when she was young, leaving the
Introduction The Color Purple is a novel written by an American author Alice Walker and was published in 1982. It won numerous awards in literature and film as it had many musical, film and radio adaptations, particularly the 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the National Book Award for Fiction. It primarily involves the subject of feminism and addresses issues in sexism and racism in the early 20th century in the United States. The story is all about a girl named Celie, a black woman who lives in the Southern part of US.
Monika Pareek Professor Dasgupta Women's Writing 7th April 2016. Exploring the idea of 'womanism' in Alice Walker’s The Color Purple The Color Purple (1982) by Alice Walker (b. 1944) is a novel of celebration of black women who challenge the unjust authorities and emerge beyond the yoke of forced identities. It is situated in Georgia, America, in 1909 and written entirely in the epistolary form, mainly by Celie, the main protagonist and her sister, Nettie.
Hurston and Janie both endured oppression during their lives based upon their race and gender however, their strong wills propelled them threw unforeseen obstacle. Zora Neale Hurston was a phenomenal African American woman whom despite her rough childhood would become one of the most profound authors of the century. Throughout her lifetime she was the, “Recipient of two Guggenheims and the author of four novels, a dozen short stories, two musicals, two books on black mythology, dozens of essays, and a prizewinning autobiography” (Gates 4). Hurston had to overcome numerous obstacles because of her gender, economic status, and racial identity. Hurston was born in 1891 in Notasulga, Alabama but grew up in Eatonville, Florida.
All of this works symbolically as a measure of the characters ' integrity and freedom, which in turn demonstrates a contrast to the image of the carefree, ‘happy darky’ that prevailed in the fiction of many American novelists” ("Zora Neale Hurston. " Notable Black American Women). In the novel, Hurston explores the gender roles of African American women during this time period. It follow the story of a young lady named Janie, who was struggling to fit in the world.
Known as the “Moses of her people,” this woman was mainly known for her assistance in leading hundreds of slaves on the Underground Railroad from Maryland to Pennsylvania. However, unlike the previous Abolitionist women mentioned above, Christianity, its beliefs, and spiritual practices were nonetheless vital resources upon which Tubman and her family drew for psychological revival. Harriet was disabled due to her head injury that happened in her teens when, her master threw an iron rod at her head. Later on, Tubman got married to her first husband Joseph Tubman but, remained childless. Later on in life, after many attempts to be free Tubman finally escaped in 1849.
“Still I Rise” is a powerful poem written by a powerful woman who knew what she stood for and was not afraid to express herself. Maya Angelou was an african-american born and raised in the “Jim Crow” south. She was raised around the time of racism and poverty in the 1950s-1960s. The most powerful person in her childhood that shaped her life was her mother’s boyfriend. When she was just seven years old her mother’s boyfriend raped her.
The movie clearly exposes the many ways that the human dignity of African- American maids was ignored. They had suffered daily embarrassment but were able to claim their own way dignity. The film described about empowerment of individuals as well as about social justice for a group. It is a moving story depicting dehumanization in a racist culture but also the ability to move beyond the unjust structures of society and to declare the value of every human being.
Morrison 's first novel, The Bluest Eye, examines the tragic effects of imposing white, middle-class American ideals of beauty on the developing female identity of a young African American girl during the early 1940s. Inspired by a conversation Morrison once had with an elementary school classmate who wished for blue eyes, the novel poignantly shows the psychological devastation of a young black girl, Pecola Breedlove, who searches for love and acceptance in a world that denies and devalues people of her own race. As her mental state slowly unravels, Pecola hopelessly longs to possess the conventional American standards of feminine beauty—namely, white skin, blonde hair, and blue eyes—as presented to her by the popular icons and traditions of white culture. Written as a fragmented narrative from multiple perspectives and with significant typographical deviations, The Bluest Eye juxtaposes passages from the Dick-and-Jane grammar school primer with memories and stories of Pecola 's life alternately told in retrospect by one of Pecola 's now-grown childhood friends and by an omniscient narrator. Published in the midst of the Black Arts movement that flourished during the late 1960s and early 1970s, The Bluest Eye has attracted
Title: Brown Girl Dreaming Author: Jacqueline Woodson Some background information about this book is that the author is the main character, Jacqueline Woodson, She writes this book using free-verse poems which all tell the story of her life. The plot: Jackie is born in Ohio, where she has lived her entire life.
Alice walker an African American who was born on February 9, 1944, in Eatonton, Georgia. Was once a social worker, teacher and did lecture’s, took part in the civil rights movement in Mississippi. Alice walker was a great writer while she inspire tons of people with her work. Ms. Walker was the youngest daughter growing up with sharecroppers, Alice walker mother work as a maid to provide for eight children while still living poor. As a child Ms. Walker played around a lot with her older brother’s into one day an serious accident happen when one of her brother shoot a bb pellet at her and had hit her in the eye.
The Help Journal #1 "This could be one of the most important pieces of fiction since To Kill a Mockingbird" This novel is enlightening, thought-provoking and touching. In the first half of the story we meet, Elizabeth, Aibileen, Minny, Miss Hilly, Celia Rae Foote, Skeeter and her mother, Charlotte. After reading the first few chapter of The Help there were a few themes that stood out, a few of them being, love, society and class and most specifically oppression. The main character in this novel is Aibileen Clark, a 53 year old black woman who has spent almost her entire life caring for “white babies” and “cooking and cleaning” (1.1) for white families.
Harriet Tubman was a strong and brave woman who helped free slaves. Born to slave parents and being a slave herself, her exact birth date wasn 't kept but she was believed to be born in 1825 in Dorchester County, Maryland. She was raised in harsh conditions and faced a difficult life of sicknesses and punishments far exceeding what she deserved. In one instance, Harriet was hit in the head with a 2 pound iron weight which cracked her skull and caused her to have sleeping problems and seizures. However, from all her cold, hungry nights and savage beatings she became a hero.
Gwendolyn Brooks, a world renowned poet, made it her life’s purpose to create changes in the lives of others. “Born June 7, 1917, in Topeka, Kansas” (Contemporary Authors Online 1) her family moved to Chicago when she was very young. Growing up on the south side, Brooks saw the daily struggles that blacks faced. There was a lot of racial tension building, as many more blacks pushed back against oppression. Brooks was, “Deeply involved with black life, black pain and black spirits” (Lee 2).
Zora Neale Hurston (1891-1960) was a major and powerful young writer during the New Negro Arts Movement. She authored Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937), a novel that chronicles the life of a mixed black woman as she persists through various hardships ranging from unhealthy marriages to coping with murder. It is important to assess the prospective reactions that major writers from each side of the frame of the New Negro Arts Movement may have had so as to further analyze the impact and implications of each perspective on black art, specifically that of a black woman. One may reflect upon the various themes and colors of Their Eyes Were Watching God in order to assess what various people, specifically Dr. W. E.