Next Stalin turned his attention to the ‘Union Bureau’, being the government officials and possible adversaries. Stalin also abolished the Kulaks during the collectivisation4 process, when they rebelled against him by burning their crops and killing their livestock. These purges struck the people with fear and thus everyone was forced to be loyal to Stalin, and if not they had no option in revolting against him. Therefore this helped Stalin gain a grasp over his power. The Great Purges were precipitated by the murder of Sergei Kirov5 in 1934.
William Hinton, a born member of the Chinese communist reform force, states how peasants were challenging landlords and money lenders, and how “This increasingly explosive force transferred land from the landowners to the peasants”, as shown in Document 6. After the communist party advocated anti-Japanese sentiment, the peasants subsequently found the confidence to challenge landowners with the knowledge that the Japanese had been successfully defeated in part to the power the peasants held, and in part by communist motivation. This led to the breaking down of Chinese land owning infrastructure as peasants revolted. Hinton’s account of the events is very descriptive and as detailed as someone who lived in China during the time of the peasant revolts. Yet, as an American, he was not part of the peasant class and thus would not have been part of the revolts.
Due to ideological control from the chinese revolution, people are nearly brainwashed to agree with the government. Weiwei is aware of it and writes in order to rebel against his culture, debunking them of their
Document 1 depicts the leader of the Chinese Communist party, Mao Zedong,’s written report that describes peasants’ strong nationalism. His written report uses strong words as “corrupt” and “evil” which describes peasants’ enemies, such as officials and landowners. Mao wanted to uprise the sense of nationalism by mentioning the peasants’ enemies. However, Mao Zedong is the leader of the Chinese Communist Party, so he might exaggerated the state of peasants in order to gain trusts from the peasants. According to document 2, a sense of nationalism is shown in the discussion between a teenaged peasant and his grandfather.
However, the Tiananmen Square Protest has damaged China’s international image. To the world, it was a shocking to see the government violently suppress freedom and violate the basics of human rights. The US president George Bush said, “he deeply deplored the use of force”, while the UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher said she was “shocked and appalled by the shootings” (BBC News). When China attempted to regain its image by hosting the 2000 Olympics game, the International Olympics Committee received multiple complaints on China’s lack of political freedom and human rights. Furthermore, many countries continue to urge the China to reveal the truth.
In Yu Hua’s To Live, Fugui’s son Youqing is a symbol of the Chinese people living under Mao because they were child-like in their innocence, and Youqing’s journey proves that naively trusting authority leads to deception. Fengxia being taken away from Youqing reflects on the ways in which authority can be wrong, and trust can be destructive. Fugui and Jiazhen are adamant that giving away Fengxia is what is best for Youqing, and even for their daughter. This is similar to how Mao claimed that communism was for the good of the people, even though some people spoke out against this.
This included intellectuals, merchants, Buddhist monks, former government officials and former soldiers. They were either starved, overwork or executed. Pol Pot had been influenced and impressed by China’s Cultural Revolution, Mao Tse-tung. He forced people in China to evacuate cities and force people into a rural, farming life. People living in China were very limited to their freedoms, which displays how Pol Pot was the cause to many unjust actions.
Damaging bombs ruined farms which ruined a large food source. Because a large source of food had been taken it left people starving all over Vietnam. The farms were not just ruined but they were unusable. The major issue with farms being left unusable was that the poor people in the village had little left. Farming was their main source of food, so they were practically left with little to nothing to survive.
Peasants who survived
Nallely Sagastume Pillsbury US History February 27, 2018 The Great Depression The 1920s was a chaotic time, it dealt with a worldwide depression that affected many countries but most specifically the United States. During this time the economy drifted into a deep decline and left many people jobless and struggling to financially support their families. Many things were going off balance and there seemed no way to solve it, the farming industry fell, unequal distribution of wealth was going around and overproduction was losing a great amount of money, these problems greatly contributed to the Great Depression.
Because of the trouble between white settlers and immigrants at that time there were numerous outbreaks of violence and laws aimed towards discrimination. Social- Chinese immigrants who migrated to the west would work for wages considerably less than normal and them doing so caused tension between white settlers. Economic or type of economy- The west relied more on agriculture than any other place because it was the most efficient.
The worst man made ecological disaster in American history; The Dust Bowl. During The Great Depression, jobs, money, and food were scarce it forced the farmers to over work the soil because there was very little money and food them. So,they had to plant more crops to make ends met. But they did not realize that they were braking up the dirt creating the dust bowl.
The similarities of these disasters were very similar with the cost and the damage it had done. Hurricane Katrina cost was $108 million dollars and the oil spill was $4 to $5 billion dollars. During these both disasters, many people died from the oil spill explosion and the huge hurricane. The hurricane destroyed 300,000 homes, people were out of power, and it took weeks for it to come back on. The oil spilled had damaged the short lines, the spill covered miles, and the hurricane flooded over cities.
Chinese Immigrants: The Gold Rush Like the other nations in the world, the Chinese Empire was represented in the California Gold Rush. At the beginning of 1849 only about fifty Chinese men participated in the Gold Rush. By the year 1876 a steady flow of Chinese immigrants entered California, an amazing amount of 116,000 Chinese were engaged in the great search for gold. The cause of the mass immigration of the Chinese was the war, famine, and poor economy in China.